List of cakes

The following is a list of types of dessert cakes by country of origin and distinctive ingredients. The majority of the cakes contain some kind of flour, egg, and sugar, and these ingredients are not listed.


Name Picture Origin Distinctive ingredients and description
Angel cake United Kingdom [1] Sponge cake, cream, food colouring
Angel food cake United States Egg whites, vanilla, and cream of tartar
Apple cake Germany Apple, caramel icing
Applesauce cake Early colonial times in the New England Colonies of the Northeastern United States[2] Prepared using apple sauce, flour and sugar as primary ingredients
Aranygaluska Hungary
A cake with yeasty dough and vanilla custard
Avocado cake Prepared using avocado as a primary ingredient
Babka Poland Easter cake with icing
Ballokume [3] Albania Corn flour, butter, sugar, and vanilla
Banana cake Prepared using banana as a primary ingredient
Basbousa Somalia A traditional Somali sweet cake that is made of cooked semolina or farina soaked in simple syrup. Coconut is a popular addition. The syrup may also optionally contain orange flower water or rose water.
Batik cake Malaysia A non-baked cake dessert made by mixing broken Marie biscuits, combined with a chocolate sauce or runny custard.
Bebinca India Flour, sugar, ghee (clarified butter), coconut milk, egg yolk
Beer cake Cake prepared with beer as a main ingredient. Pictured is a chocolate bundt cake infused with stout beer.
Better than sex cake United States Chocolate or yellow cake, sugar mixture, various fillings
Boston cream pie United States Egg custard, chocolate
Banana cake/bread United States Banana, sometimes nuts and chocolate
Banoffee pie United Kingdom Bananas, toffee, biscuits
Bara brith United Kingdom (Wales) Raisins, currants and candied peel
Battenberg cake United Kingdom Marzipan and apricot jam
Baumkuchen Germany A kind of layered cake and a traditional dessert that is known in many countries throughout Europe and it is also a popular snack and dessert in Japan. The characteristic rings that appear when sliced resemble tree rings, and give the cake its German name, Baumkuchen, which literally translates to "tree cake".
Bibingka Philippines Coconut milk and rice flour
Bienenstich (Bee Sting) Germany Almonds, honey, custard cream
Birthday cake Unknown A cake that has various ingredients, usually chocolate or sponge, and is often topped with icing and candles; the number of candles on top of the cake is often said to represent someone's age - for example, a birthday cake for a nine-year-old will have nine candles on top of it.
Bizcocho Dominicano Dominican Republic A cake with a moist and airy texture and meringue frosting
Black Forest cake, often known as "Black Forest gâteau" or "Schwarzwalder kirschentorte" Germany Cherries, kirsch, and chocolate
Blackout cake, sometimes known as "Brooklyn Blackout cake" Brooklyn, United States Chocolate pudding, chocolate layers, chocolate cake crumbs
Blitztorte [4] Germany A "lightning cake" or "quick cake".[5] Lemon zest and lemon juice add flavor to a blitztorte, which is a butter cake (butter, sugar, eggs, flour, and baking powder). It is called a blitztorte because it is quick to make. Also spelled as "blitz torte".[6]
Blondie United States A rich, sweet dessert bar. It is made from flour, brown sugar, butter, eggs, baking powder, and vanilla, and may also contain walnuts or pecans. It may contain white or dark chocolate chips and it can have a taste reminiscent of butterscotch.
Bolo de mel Madeira Islands Sweet, heavy cake made with molasses or honey, often with walnuts and almonds. Literally means "honey cake".
Brazil nut cake Prepared using Brazil nuts as a primary ingredient, they are common in the Amazon region of Brazil, Bolivia and Peru
Butterkuchen Germany A simple buttery and sweet German cake baked on a tray[7]
Brownie United States, Canada A flat, baked square or bar developed in the United States at the end of the 19th century and popularized in both the US and Canada during the first half of the 20th century.
Buccellato Sicily Honey, marsala wine, aniseed, and raisins
Budapestlängd [8] Sweden Rolled meringue-hazelnut cake filled with whipped cream and pieces of canned peach, apricot, or mandarin orange.
Bundt cake United States A cake that is baked in a Bundt pan, shaping it into a distinctive ring shape. The shape is inspired by a traditional European fruit cake known as Gugelhupf, but Bundt cakes are not generally associated with any single recipe, but they are often made with chocolate.
Butter cake United Kingdom Butter
Butterfly cake United Kingdom A variant of cupcake, also called "fairy cake" for its fairy-like "wings". They can be made from any flavor of cake. The top of the fairy cake is cut off or carved out with a spoon, and cut in half. Then, butter cream, whipped cream, or other sweet filling like jam is spread into the hole. Finally, the two cut halves are stuck into the butter cream to look like butterfly wings. The wings of the cake are often decorated using icing to form various patterns.
Cassata Italy (Sicily) Cassata consists of round sponge cake moistened with fruit juices or liqueur and layered with ricotta cheese, candied peel, and a chocolate or vanilla filling similar to cannoli cream. It is covered with a shell of marzipan, pink and green pastel colored icing, and decorative designs. The cassata is topped with candied fruit depicting cherries and slices of citrus fruit characteristic of Sicily.
Carrot cake United Kingdom Moist, dense, sweet cake made with carrots
Caterpillar cake United Kingdom Chocolate Swiss roll with sugar coated chocolate beans, loved by the British population
Charlotte (cake) France Bread, sponge cake or biscuits; fruit puree or custard
Cheesecake Greece Thin base made from crushed biscuits, with a thicker top layer of soft cheese, eggs and sugar. It can be baked or unbaked (in which case it is refrigerated.)
Chenna poda India (Orissa) A cake made from milk solids and semolina. Milk solids are the main ingredient and is known as "chhena". This cake is a specialty of the state of Orissa in India chhena cardamom ghee cashewnut
Chestnut cake Prepared using chestnuts or water chestnuts as a main ingredient. It is a dish in Chinese cuisine.[9]
Chiffon cake United States Light, airy cake made with vegetable oil, eggs, sugar, flour
Chocolate cake Unknown Chocolate
Christmas cake United Kingdom Dried fruit such as sultanas or raisins; cinnamon, treacle, cherries, and almond; is quite often topped with icing. If topped with icing, the icing may be decorated with decorations, such as models of Santa Claus, or may have labels such as "Happy Christmas".
Clementine cake A cake prepared with clementine as a primary ingredient
Coconut cake United States A popular dessert in the Southern region of the United States. It is a cake frosted with a white frosting and covered in coconut flakes.
Coffee cake Germany Cinnamon
Cremeschnitte Slovenia
A vanilla and custard cream cake dessert popular in several central-European countries. There are many regional variations, but they all include puff pastry base and custard cream.
Croquembouche France Caramel, almond, and chocolate
Crystal cake China One of the traditional desserts in China, it has more than 800 years of history. It was first invented in Xiagui during the Song Dynasty, then it spread far and wide. It was called "crystal cake" because its filling shines brightly, and its appearance is glittering and translucent, like a crystal.
Cuatro leches cake [10][11] Spain
Cake made with four milks and it is similar to the tres leches cake.
Cucumber cake A cake prepared with cucumber as a primary ingredient. It is a dish in Goan cuisine.
Cupcake Unknown A small cake with various ingredients, usually topped with icing
Dacquoise France Almonds, hazelnut, and chocolate
Date and walnut loaf United Kingdom Dates, walnuts, treacle, and tea
Date square Canada (probably) Also known as "matrimonial cake", a layer of minced dates with oat crumble
Depression cake United States Made without milk, sugar, butter, or eggs
Devil's food cake United States Chocolate or cocoa, and baking soda
Dobos cake Hungary A sponge cake that is layered with chocolate butter cream and topped with thin caramel slices
Dundee cake United Kingdom (Scotland) Fruit cake with almonds on it but without glacé cherries
Dutch carnival cake Netherlands A traditional a Dutch delicacy that is similar to gingerbread cake
Eccles cake United Kingdom Zante currants
Eierschecke Saxony and Thuringia A sheet cake made of yeast dough topped with apple, quark (curd) and poppy seeds and parts of it are covered with a glaze made of cream, whole egg, sugar and flour for thickening.
Erotic cake [12] Unknown A cake made to resemble or decorated with the image of a human body (often nude or semi-nude), individual sex organs, or sexual activities, sometimes with a statement of a sexual nature written on it
Esterházy torte Hungary
A Hungarian cake (torta) named after Prince Paul III Anton Esterházy de Galántha (1786–1866). It was invented by Budapest confectioners in the late 19th century. It consists of cognac or vanilla buttercream, sandwiched between layers of almond meringue (macaroon) dough. The torte is iced with a fondant glaze and decorated with a characteristic chocolate striped pattern.
Fat rascal United Kingdom Dried fruit, peel, oats
Faworki Poland Sweet crisp cake in shape of a bow
Fig cake Egypt Prepared with fig as a primary ingredient
Financier France A small cake, the financier is light and moist, similar to sponge cake, and usually contains almond flour, crushed or ground almonds, or almond flavoring. The distinctive feature of the recipe is beurre noisette (brown butter). Other ingredients include egg whites, flour, and powdered sugar. They are baked in shaped molds, usually small rectangular loaves similar in size to petits fours. In terms of texture, it is springy with a crisp, eggshell-like exterior.
Flourless chocolate cake Unknown Chocolate
Fondant Fancy United Kingdom Icing (in any of a number of colors), cream
Fragelité [13] Denmark [13] Meringue, almonds, butter, coffee
Frog cake Australia Cream, icing
Fruitcake Ancient Rome Candied fruit; many versions of the fruit cake contain currants, sultanas, and glacé cherries
Funing big cake China (Funing County, Jiangsu province) Sticky rice, white sugar, and refined lard. Due to health concerns associated with lard consumption, sometimes vegetable oil is used instead of lard.[14]
Funnel cake United States Choux pastry with powdered sugar or other toppings, usually fruit
Gâteau nantais Nantes pound cake with almonds and rum.
Genoa cake Italy (Genoa, probably) Sultanas, raisins, glacé cherries
Genoise (Genoese cake) Italy (Genoa, probably) Whole egg
German Chocolate Cake United States Chocolate cake with coconut-pecan frosting
Gingerbread United Kingdom (probably) Ginger
Gooey butter cake United States Butter
Goose breast (Gåsebryst) [15] Denmark [15] A cream cake known as Gåsebryst in Denmark.[15] A Danish pastry bottom, topped with whipped cream, custard and jam, wrapped in marzipan.
Ghevar India Flour, ghee, kewra, milk, clarified butter, sugar, almonds, pistachio, saffron, green cardamom etc.
Halloween cake A cake prepared with Halloween-themed decorations
Hash brownies Netherlands
Also known as "space cakes", these are bakery products made using one of the forms of cannabis, including hashish.
Hot milk cake [16] United States (probably) Milk, and mocha
Ice cream cake Unknown Ice cream
Jaffa Cakes United Kingdom A biscuit-sized cake introduced by MacVitie and Price in 1927, and named after Jaffa oranges. The most common forms of Jaffa Cakes are circular, 2.5 inches (64 mm) in diameter and have three layers: a Genoise sponge base, a layer of orange flavored jelly, and a coating of chocolate.
Joffre cake Romania Chocolate ganache cake
Kabuni Albania [17] Rice, butter, mutton broth, raisins, sugar, cinnamon, cloves
Karpatka Poland Two to eight layers of very flattened sweet bake pastry with cream and sweet cheese, normally served with fruit and budyn and cardamom and ice cream which may have alcohol also on the side of this luxurious dessert
Kiev cake Ukraine Two airy layers of meringue with hazelnuts, chocolate glaze, and a buttercream-like filling
King cake France
Sugar, cinnamon, milk, and butter
Kladdkaka Sweden Chocolate
Kliņģeris [18] Latvia [18] Yeast, raisins, spices
Kołacz Poland Sweet cheese and cream
Kolaczki Poland Butter, sugar, jam, egg whites, different sweet sugar powder
Kouign-amann France (Brittany) Butter
Kutia Poland
Various nuts and raisins
Kransekake Denmark
Almonds, sugar, egg whites
Krantz cake Israel [19][20] (ashkenazi food) Chocolate or poppy seeds filling.
Kremówka Germany, Slovakia A Polish type of cream pie. It is made of two layers of puff pastry, filled with whipped cream, creamy buttercream, vanilla pastry cream (custard cream) or sometimes egg white cream, and is usually sprinkled with powdered sugar. It also can be decorated with cream or covered with a layer of icing.
Krówka Poland Chocolate, sponge base, caramel and coconut
Lady Baltimore cake Southern United States (its exact origins are disputed) Dried fruit, nuts, frosting
Lamington Australia Chocolate icing, and desiccated coconut
Lane cake Southeastern USA Candied fruit, sponge cake, pecans, coconut, bourbon, vanilla buttercream
Layer cake Unknown Egg yolk, sugar, butter, flour
Lemon cake Unknown Cake with a lemon flavor[21][22]
Madeira cake United Kingdom Butter and sugar, usually flavored with lemon. Sometimes confused with Bolo de mel cakes, which are actually made in Madeira using a completely different recipe.
Makowiec Poland Poppy seed cake, normally decorated with icing and orange
Magdalena Spain Eggs, granulated sugar, unsalted butter, unbleached white flour, lemon zest, baking powder and milk
Mantecada Spain Eggs, flour, sugar and butter (cow fat in the Mantecadas de Astorga; corn flour in Colombia)
Marble cake Denmark Vanilla, coffee, or chocolate
Marjolaine France Meringue, praline, and chocolate. Created by Fernand Point
Mazurek Poland Easter cake with a type of shortcrust tart and topping
Medovik Russia A layer cake popular in Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union
Merveilleux Belgium Two light meringues welded and covered with whipped cream and dusted with chocolate shavings.
Mille-feuille France Also known as a Napoleon, is three layers of puff pastry alternating with two layers of pastry cream. The top is glazed in white (icing) and brown (chocolate) strips, and combed into a distinctive pattern.
Misérable cake Belgium A type of almond sponge cake that is a traditional Belgian recipe
Molten chocolate cake France/United States Also known as lava cake is a popular dessert that combines the elements of a flourless chocolate cake (sometimes called a "chocolate decadence" cake) and a soufflé. Some other names used are "chocolate fondant", "chocolate moelleux", and "chocolate lava" cake.
Mooncake China A Chinese bakery product traditionally eaten during the Mid-Autumn Festival (Zhongqiujie)
Moravian sugar cake

Pennsylvania German Country /United States

A sweet coffee cake that originated in the colonial Moravian Church. It is made with a sweet yeast dough enriched with mashed potatoes and topped with a mixture of melted butter, brown sugar, and cinnamon.
Muffin Unknown An individual-sized quick bread product which can be sweet or savory. The typical American "muffin" is similar to a cupcake in size and cooking methods. These can come in both savory varieties, such as corn or cheese muffins, or sweet varieties such as blueberry or banana. It also refers to a flatter disk-shaped bread of English origin, commonly referred to as an "English muffin" outside the United Kingdom. These muffins are also popular in Commonwealth countries and the United States.
Napoleonshat [23] Denmark A marzipan based cake, shaped like a Napoleon's Hat and dipped in dark chocolate[23]
Napeleonskake [24] Norway
A cake that is similar to tompouce, but it has different flavors like caramel or carob
Nasturtium cake [25] Spain [25] A cake made primarily with egg yolk and syrup, prepared in a water bath. The cake is usually presented in a cylindrical shape or a rectangle, depending on the mold. It can often be served at room temperature.
Onion cake A savory or sweet cake prepared with onion as a primary ingredient[26]
Oponki or Pączki Poland Round spongy yeast cake with sweet topping and other chocolate
Opera cake France Ganache, sponge cake, and coffee syrup
Orange and polenta cake [27] Italy Oranges and polenta
Othellolagkage [28] Denmark [28] A layer cake with sponge cake, cream, chocolate, raspberry, egg, vanilla, marzipan,
Pan di Spagna [29] Italy [29] A sponge cake. Italian Jewish families make a traditional version for a Passover.[30]
Pancake Flat, round cake, made with eggs, milk, and plain flour
Panpepato Italy Various nuts: almonds, hazelnuts, pine nuts
Panettone Italy Raisins, orange peel, and lemon peel
Parkin United Kingdom Treacle and oats
Pavlova Australia
New Zealand
Egg white and sugar (meringue); named after Anna Pavlova
Petit Gâteau France Chocolate and served with ice cream
Petits fours France Butter cream
Piernik [31] Poland [31] Gingerbread with cinnamon, ginger, cloves and cardamom
Plum cake United Kingdom (England) Referred to fruitcake prepared with dried plum and spices in England since around 1700. Today it refers to a cake prepared with dried fruits such as raisins as the primary ingredients.
Pound cake United Kingdom Butter, sugar, eggs, flour
Princess cake Sweden Alternating layers of sponge cake and whipped cream, a layer of berry jam and a layer of custard, all topped with a layer of (green) marzipan.
Prinzregententorte Germany Sponge cake, buttercream, and dark chocolate glaze
Pumpkin bread United States Pumpkin, sometimes chocolate
Punschkrapfen Austria Cake crumbs, nougat chocolate, apricot jam, and rum
Queen Elizabeth cake Canada Coconut, dates
Raisin cake Cake prepared with raisins as a primary ingredient
Red bean cake Japan
Azuki bean and red bean paste
Red velvet cake United States Red coloring and cocoa
Rock cake United Kingdom Currants, candied peel, mixed spice
Rum cake Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago Rum, dried fruit
Rum baba France, Italy Rum, yeast, whipped cream
Ruske kape Bosnia
Chocolate and coconut
Sachertorte Austria Apricot and cream
Šakotis Lithuania
Traditional cake created by painting layers of dough onto a rotating spit while being baked
Salzburger Nockerl Austria Egg yolk, flour and milk
Sans rival Philippines layers of buttercream, meringue and chopped cashews
Sekacz Poland Sponge cake with chocolate
Sernik Poland Cream cheese, sponge cake, raisins and different spices
Sesame seed cake Unknown Sesame seeds, often with honey as a sweetener
Sfouf Lebanon Almonds and semolina
Simnel cake United Kingdom Marzipan and dried fruit
Smith Island Cake United States condensed milk, vanilla chocolate creme, dark chocolate icing
Smörgåstårta Sweden
A cake that literally means "sandwich-cake" or "sandwich gateau", it is a Scandinavian cuisine dish that is popular in Sweden, Estonia (as võileivatort), and Finland (as voileipäkakku). This savory cake has ingredients similar to a sandwich, but has such a large amount of filling that it more resembles a layered cream cake with garnished top.
Snowball cake United States Marshmallow and coconut frosting
Snow skin mooncake Hong Kong A Chinese food eaten during the Mid-Autumn Festival. It is a non-baked mooncake which originated in Hong Kong. The snow skin mooncake was developed by a bakery in Hong Kong, because the traditional mooncakes were made with salted duck egg yolks and lotus seed paste, resulting in very high sugar and oil content. It is also known as "snowy mooncake", "icy mooncake", and "crystal mooncake".
Soufflé France Cream sauce or purée with beaten egg whites
Spekkoek Dutch East Indies
(now Indonesia)
Multi-layered, containing cinnamon, clove, mace, and anise
Spice cake North America Spices such as cinnamon, cloves, allspice, ginger, or mace
Spit cake Ancient Greece A term for hollow, cylindrical cakes prepared on a rotating spit in several European countries
Sponge cake United Kingdom Flour, sugar, and eggs
St. Honoré cake France Caramel and Chiboust cream
Stack cake United States A cake that replaces a wedding cake
Strawberry cake A cake that uses strawberry as a primary ingredient
Streuselkuchen Germany Streusel (butter, flour, and sugar)
Suncake Taiwan A popular Taiwanese dessert originally from the city of Taichung in Taiwan. The typical fillings consist of maltose (condensed malt sugar), and they are usually sold in special gift boxes as souvenirs for visitors.
Swiss roll United Kingdom Jam and creamy filling; may come in different colors. Developed in the UK, and not Switzerland as the name implies.
Tarte Tatin France Varies, commonly apple or pear
Tea loaf United Kingdom Currants, sultanas, and tea
Teacake United Kingdom Currants and sultanas
Tiramisu Italy Savoiardi and espresso
Tompouce Netherlands Cream, icing
Torta Tre Monti Italy (San Marino) Hazelnuts
Tres leches cake Mexico
Costa Rica
Sponge cake soaked with evaporated milk, condensed milk, and heavy cream or sour cream
Tunis cake Scotland
Northern Ireland
Chocolate and marzipan
Træstammer [32] Denmark Literally "wooden-logs". Trøffelmasse (crumbled cakes, cocoa-powder, sugar, butter, rum), marzipan and chocolate Sweden has a similar cake known as Punsch-rolls.
Upside-down cake United Kingdom A cake that is flipped upside-down before serving. Usually made with fruit, particularly pineapple.
Victoria sponge cake United Kingdom A cake that was named after Queen Victoria, who was known to enjoy a slice of the sponge cake with her afternoon tea. It is often referred to simply as "sponge cake", though it contains additional fat. A typical Victoria sponge consists of raspberry jam and whipped double cream or vanilla cream. The jam and cream are sandwiched between two sponge cakes; the top of the cake is not iced or decorated apart from a dusting of icing sugar. The Women's Institute publishes a variation on the Victoria sandwich that has raspberry jam as the filling and is dusted with caster sugar, not icing sugar.
Vínarterta Iceland A multi-layered cake made from dough and plum jam
Wedding cake Unknown A traditional cake that is served at wedding receptions following dinner. In the UK, the wedding cake is served at a wedding breakfast, a shared meal held after the ceremony (not necessarily in the morning). In modern Western culture, the cake is usually on display and served to guests at the reception.
Welsh cake United Kingdom (Wales) Currants
Whoopie pies United States Cocoa, vanilla
Wine cake Colombia Wine


See also


  1. Goldstein, D.; Mintz, S. (2015). The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets. Oxford University Press. p. 739. ISBN 978-0-19-931362-4. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  2. Ojakangas, B.A. Great Old-Fashioned American Desserts. University of Minnesota Press. p. 239. ISBN 978-1-4529-0711-6.
  3. Jacob, J.; Ashkenazi, M. (2014). The World Cookbook: The Greatest Recipes from Around the Globe, 2nd Edition [4 Volumes]: The Greatest Recipes from Around the Globe. ABC-CLIO. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-61069-469-8. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  4. Grigson, J. (1983). Jane Grigson's book of European cookery. Atheneum. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-689-11398-7. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  5. Byrn, A. (2016). American Cake: From Colonial Gingerbread to Classic Layer, the Stories and Recipes Behind More Than 125 of Our Best-Loved Cakes. Rodale. p. 142. ISBN 978-1-62336-544-8. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  6. Van Vliet, E.R. (2004). Dinners with Famous Women: From Cleopatra to Indira Gandhi. iUniverse. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-595-29729-0. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  7. Weiss, L. (2016). Classic German Baking: The Very Best Recipes for Traditional Favorites, from Gugelhupf to Streuselkuchen. Ten Speed Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-1-60774-825-0. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
  8. Edgren, John (April 3, 2017). "Budapestlängd går snabbt och enkelt". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  9. Richardson, A.; Young, G. (2014). The Wisdom of the Chinese Kitchen: Classic Family Recipes for Celebration and Healing. Simon & Schuster. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-1-4391-4256-1.
  10. "Tom's Cookbook Library: A fine new twist on Tres Leches cake". Kane County Chronicle. October 17, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  11. Thompson, H.; Peacock, R.; Sharpe, P. (2009). Dallas Classic Desserts. Classic Recipes Series (in Italian). Pelican Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-58980-624-5. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  12. May, Gareth (May 26, 2017). "Look away, Mary Berry: I learned the art of erotic cake decorating". The Telegraph. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  13. 1 2 Turner, T. (2016). Aarhus Travel Guide 2017: Must-see attractions, wonderful hotels, excellent restaurants, valuable tips and so much more!. 2017 Travel Guides. T Turner. p. 67. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  14. "The Funing cake was traced from the workshop black and doping a variety of low-quality additives" (in Chinese). Chinese network news. February 1, 2012. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
  15. 1 2 3 Jensen, B. (2011). Sweet on Denmark. Images Publishing Group. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-86470-350-4. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  16. Ray, M.; Jonath, L.; Frankeny, F. (2011). Miette: Recipes from San Francisco's Most Charming Pastry Shop. Chronicle Books LLC. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-4521-0735-6. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  17. Davidson, A.; Jaine, T. (2014). The Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford Companions. OUP Oxford. p. 625. ISBN 978-0-19-104072-6. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  18. 1 2 Long, L.M. (2015). Ethnic American Food Today: A Cultural Encyclopedia. Ethnic American Food Today. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 364. ISBN 978-1-4422-2731-6. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  19. Ode, Kim (April 9, 2014). "A babka's distinctive swirls make this chocolate bread a spectacular treat". The Buffalo News. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  20. "Recipe: Chocolate Cinnamon Babka". Star Tribune. February 13, 1990. Retrieved May 26, 2017. (subscription required)
  21. Chu, Louisa (May 23, 2017). "Portillo's bringing back lemon cake, thanks to man who offered $300 for it". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  22. Longbotham, L.; Miksch, A. (2012). Luscious Lemon Desserts (in Italian). Chronicle Books LLC. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-4521-2394-3. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  23. 1 2 Jensen, B. (2011). Sweet on Denmark. Images Publishing Group. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-86470-350-4. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  24. Madisson, R.J. (2016). Manic Mouths. Xlibris US. p. 66. ISBN 978-1-5144-5927-0. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  25. 1 2 Madisson, R.J. (2016). Manic Mouths. Xlibris US. p. pt76. ISBN 978-1-5144-5927-0. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  26. Griffith, L.; Griffith, F. (2002). Onions, Onions, Onions: Delicious Recipes for the World's Favorite Secret Ingredient. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 122–123. ISBN 978-0-547-34638-0.
  27. Prince, Rose (June 15, 2012). "Rose Prince's Baking Club: orange and polenta cake". Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  28. 1 2 Jensen, B. (2011). Sweet on Denmark. Images Publishing Group. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-86470-350-4. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  29. 1 2 Simeti, M.T.; Grammatico, M. (2015). Bitter Almonds: Recollections and Recipes from a Sicilian Girlhood. Open Road Distribution. p. 101. ISBN 978-1-5040-2625-3. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  30. Kaufman, Sheilah. "Sponge Cake - Pan Di Spagna". JW Magazine. Jewish Women International. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  31. 1 2 Strybel, R.; Strybel, M. (2005). Polish Heritage Cookery. Hippocrene Books. p. 654. ISBN 978-0-7818-1124-8. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  32. "Træstammer gik som varmt brød i Hjordkær". (in Danish). March 20, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
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