List of black Nobel laureates
The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969. Nobel Prizes have been awarded to 881 individuals, of whom 15 – 1.7% - were black recipients.
Blacks have received awards in three of six award categories: eleven in Peace, three in Literature, and one in Economics. The first black recipient, American Ralph Bunche, was awarded the Peace Prize in 1950. The most recent as of 2017, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee, were awarded their Peace Prizes in 2011.
|1950||Ralph Bunche||Peace||First black person to win a Nobel Prize|
|1960||Albert John Luthuli||Peace||First black African to win a Nobel Prize|
|1964||Martin Luther King, Jr||Peace||Youngest African American to win a Nobel Prize|
|1979||W. Arthur Lewis||Economics||First and (so far) only black person to win a Nobel Prize other than Peace or Literature; first West Indian to win a Nobel Prize|
|1986||Wole Soyinka||Literature||First black person to win the Nobel Prize for Literature|
|1993||Toni Morrison||Literature||First black woman to win a Nobel Prize|
|2004||Wangari Maathai||Peace||First black African woman to win a Nobel Prize and first and only environmentalist to win the Nobel Peace Prize|
|2011||Ellen Johnson Sirleaf||Peace|
- "Nobel Prize" (2007), in Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 14 November 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:
An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969
- "All Nobel Laureates". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
- Ralph Bunche, PBS.
- "Unsung Heroes". Time. 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "Wole Soyinka Biography". Nobelprize.org.
- Grimes, William (1983-10-08). "Toni Morrison Is '93 Winner of Nobel Prize in Literature". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-08.