List of United States Senators from New Jersey

Current delegation
since October 31, 2013

Below is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from New Jersey. Since the enforcement of the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, U.S. Senators are popularly elected for a six-year term beginning January 3. Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. Before 1914, they were chosen by the New Jersey Legislature, and before 1935, their terms began March 4. The state's current Senators are Democrats Bob Menendez (serving since 2006) and Cory Booker (serving since 2013). This makes New Jersey the only state where both Senators are not non-Hispanic whites.

List of Senators

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012. The next election will be in 2018.

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Class 2

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014. The next election will be in 2020.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1 Jonathan Elmer Pro-
Admin.
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Elected in 1788. 1 1st 1 Elected in 1788.

Resigned to become New Jersey Governor.
March 4, 1789 –
November 13, 1790
Pro-
Admin.

William Paterson
1
  November 13, 1790 –
November 23, 1790
Vacant
Elected to finish Paterson's term.

Retired.
November 23, 1790 –
March 3, 1793
Pro-
Admin.

Philemon Dickinson
2
2
John Rutherfurd
Pro-
Admin.
March 4, 1791 –
December 5, 1798
Elected in 1790. 2 2nd
3rd 2 Elected during the 1792/93 cycle.

Resigned.
March 4, 1793 –
November 12, 1796
Pro-
Admin.

Frederick Frelinghuysen
3
Federalist 4th Federalist
Elected to finish the preceding term.

Retired.
November 12, 1796 –
March 3, 1799
Federalist
Richard Stockton
4
Re-elected in 1796.

Resigned.
3 5th
3
Franklin Davenport
Federalist December 5, 1798 –
March 3, 1799
Appointed to continue Rutherfurd's term.
4
James Schureman
Federalist March 4, 1799 –
February 16, 1801
Elected to finish Rutherfurd's term.

Resigned.
6th 3 Elected November 1, 1798.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1799–
March 3, 1805
Federalist
Jonathan Dayton
5
Vacant February 16, 1801 –
February 28, 1801
 
5
Aaron Ogden
Federalist February 28, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Elected to finish Schureman's term.

Lost re-election.
7th
Vacant March 4, 1803 –
September 1, 1803
Legislature failed to elect. 4 8th
6
John Condit
Democratic-
Republican
September 1, 1803 –
March 3, 1809
Appointed to begin the vacant term.

Elected November 3, 1803 to finish the vacant term.[1]

Lost renomination.[2]
9th 4 Elected in 1804.

Resigned.
March 4, 1805 –
March 12, 1809
Democratic-
Republican
Aaron Kitchell 6
10th
7
John Lambert
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1815
Elected November 3, 1808.[2]

Lost re-election.
5 11th
  March 12, 1809 –
March 21, 1809
Vacant
Appointed to continue Kitchell's term[3]

Elected November 2, 1809 to finish Kitchell's term.[3]
March 21, 1809 –
March 3, 1817
Democratic-
Republican

John Condit
7
12th 5 Re-elected November 5, 1810.
13th
8 James J. Wilson Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1815 –
January 8, 1821
Elected February 1, 1815.[4]

Lost re-election,
resigned early.
6 14th
15th 6 Elected January 23, 1817. March 4, 1817 –
January 30, 1829
Democratic-
Republican

Mahlon Dickerson
8
16th
Vacant January 8, 1821 –
January 26, 1821
 
9
Samuel L. Southard
Democratic-
Republican
January 26, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Appointed to finish Wilson's term, having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1821.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy.
7 17th
Vacant March 4, 1823 –
November 12, 1823
  18th 7 Re-elected in 1823.

Resigned and immediately re-elected for the Class 1 seat.
Crawford
Republican
10
Joseph McIlvaine
Adams
Republican
November 12, 1823 –
August 19, 1826
Elected to finish Southard's term.

Died.
Anti-
Jacksonian
19th Jacksonian
Vacant August 19, 1826 –
November 10, 1826
 
11
Ephraim Bateman
Anti-
Jacksonian
November 10, 1826 –
January 12, 1829
Elected to finish McIlvaine's term.
Adams Elected to full term in 1826.

Resigned because of failing health.
8 20th
Vacant January 12, 1829 –
January 30, 1829
 
12
Mahlon Dickerson
Jacksonian January 30, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
Elected to finish Bateman's term.   January 30, 1829 –
March 3, 1829
Vacant
21st 8 Elected in 1828. March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1835
Anti-
Jacksonian

Theodore Frelinghuysen
9
22nd
13
Samuel L. Southard
Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1833 –
June 26, 1842
Elected in 1833. 9 23rd
24th 9 Elected in 1835.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1841
Jacksonian
Garret D. Wall
10
Whig 25th Democratic
Re-elected in 1839.

Resigned due to failing health.
10 26th
27th 10 Elected in 1840. March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1853
Whig
Jacob W. Miller
11
Vacant June 26, 1842 –
July 2, 1842
 
14
William L. Dayton
Whig July 2, 1842 –
March 3, 1851
Appointed to continue Southard's term.

Elected to finish Southard's term.
28th
Re-elected in 1845.

Lost re-election.
11 29th
30th 11 Re-elected in 1846.
31st
15
Robert F. Stockton
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
January 10, 1853
Elected in 1851.

Resigned to become President of the Delaware and Raritan Canal Company.
12 32nd
Vacant January 10, 1853 –
March 4, 1853
 
16
John Renshaw Thomson
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
September 12, 1862
Elected to finish Stockton's term. 33rd 12 Elected during the 1852/53 cycle.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
Democratic
William Wright
12
34th
Re-elected in 1857.

Died.
13 35th
36th 13 Elected in 1858.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1865
Republican
John C. Ten Eyck
13
37th
Vacant September 12, 1862 –
November 21, 1862
 
17
Richard Stockton Field
Republican November 21, 1862 –
January 14, 1863
Appointed to continue Thomson's term.

Retired when his successor was elected.
18
James Walter Wall
Democratic January 14, 1863 –
March 3, 1863
Elected to finish Thomson's term.

Lost re-election.
19
William Wright
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
November 1, 1866
Elected during the 1862/63 cycle.

Died.
14 38th
39th 14   March 3, 1865–
March 15, 1865
Vacant
Elected in 1864.

Election disputed and seat declared vacant.
March 15, 1865 –
March 27, 1866
Democratic
John P. Stockton
14
  March 27, 1866 –
September 19, 1866
Vacant
Elected to finish Stockton's term.

Retired.
September 19, 1866 –
March 3, 1871
Republican
Alexander G. Cattell
15
Vacant November 1, 1866 –
November 12, 1866
 
20
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
Republican November 12, 1866 –
March 3, 1869
Appointed to continue Wright's term.

Elected January 23, 1867 to finish Wright's term.[1]

Lost re-election.
40th
21
John P. Stockton
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1869. 15 41st
42nd 15 Elected during the 1870/71 cycle.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1871–
March 3, 1877
Republican
Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen
16
43rd
22
Theodore F. Randolph
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
Elected in 1875. 16 44th
45th 16 Elected in 1877. March 4, 1877–
March 3, 1895
Democratic
John R. McPherson
17
46th
23
William Joyce Sewell
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1887
Elected in 1881.

Lost re-election.
17 47th
48th 17 Re-elected in 1883.
49th
24
Rufus Blodgett
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1893
Elected in 1886.

Retired.
18 50th
51st 18 Re-elected in 1889.
52nd
25
James Smith, Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1899
Elected January 24, 1893.[5]

Lost re-election.[6]
19 53rd
54th 19 Elected in 1895. March 4, 1895–
December 27, 1901
Republican
William Joyce Sewell
18
55th
26
John Kean
Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
Elected January 24, 1899.[6] 20 56th
57th 20 Re-elected in 1901.

Died.
  December 27, 1901–
January 29, 1902
Vacant
Elected to finish Sewell's term.

Withdrew from election contest to full term.
January 29, 1902–
March 3, 1907
Republican
John F. Dryden
19
58th
Re-elected January 2, 1905.

Retired.
21 59th
60th 21 Elected February 5, 1907.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
Republican
Frank O. Briggs
20
61st
27
James Edgar Martine
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
Elected January 25, 1911.

Retired.
22 62nd
63rd 22 Elected January 28, 1913.

Died.
March 4, 1913 –
January 30, 1918
Democratic
William Hughes
21
64th
28
Joseph S. Frelinghuysen
Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1923
Elected in 1916.

Lost re-election.
23 65th
  January 30, 1918 –
February 23, 1918
Vacant
Appointed to continue Hughes's term.

Elected November 5, 1918 to finish Hughes's term.

Retired.
February 23, 1918 –
March 3, 1919
Republican
David Baird
22
66th 23 Elected in 1918. March 4, 1919 –
November 21, 1929
Republican
Walter Evans Edge
23
67th
29
Edward I. Edwards
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1929
Elected in 1922.

Lost re-election.
24 68th
69th 24 Re-elected in 1924.

Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to France.
70th
30
Hamilton Fish Kean
Republican March 4, 1929 –
January 3, 1935
Elected in 1928.

Lost re-election.
25 71st
  November 21, 1929 –
November 30, 1929
Vacant
Appointed to continue Edge's term.

Retired when his successor was qualified.
November 30, 1929 –
December 2, 1930
Republican
David Baird, Jr.
24
Elected November 4, 1930 to finish Edge's term. December 3, 1930 –
October 5, 1931
Republican
Dwight Morrow
25
72nd 25 Elected to full term in 1930.

Died.
  October 5, 1931 –
December 1, 1931
Vacant
Appointed to continue Morrow's term.

Elected November 8, 1932 to finish Morrow's term.

Lost re-election.
December 1, 1931 –
January 3, 1937
Republican
William Warren Barbour
26
73rd
31
A. Harry Moore
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 17, 1938
Elected in 1934.

Resigned to become governor.
26 74th
75th 26 Elected in 1936.[7]

Lost re-election.
January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
Democratic
William H. Smathers
27
32
John Gerald Milton
Democratic January 18, 1938 –
November 8, 1938
Appointed to continue Moore's term.

Retired when successor qualified.
33
William Warren Barbour
Republican November 8, 1938 –
November 22, 1943
Elected to finish Moore's term
76th
Re-elected in 1940.

Died.
27 77th
78th 27 Elected in 1942.

Retired.
January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
Republican
Albert W. Hawkes
28
Vacant November 22, 1943 –
November 26, 1943
 
34
Arthur Walsh
Democratic November 26, 1943 –
December 7, 1944
Appointed to finish Barbour's term

Retired when successor was elected
35
Howard Alexander Smith
Republican December 7, 1944–
January 3, 1959
Elected to finish Barbour's term.
79th
Re-elected in 1946. 28 80th
81st 28 Elected in 1948.

Retired.
January 3, 1949 –
January 2, 1955
Republican
Robert C. Hendrickson
29
82nd
Re-elected in 1952.

Retired.
29 83rd
84th 29 Elected in 1954. January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1979
Republican
Clifford P. Case
30
85th
36
Harrison A. Williams
Democratic January 3, 1959–
March 11, 1982
Elected in 1958. 30 86th
87th 30 Re-elected in 1960.
88th
Re-elected in 1964. 31 89th
90th 31 Re-elected in 1966.
91st
Re-elected in 1970. 32 92nd
93rd 32 Re-elected in 1972.

Lost re-nomination.
94th
Re-elected in 1976.

Resigned.
33 95th
96th 33 Elected in 1978. January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1997
Democratic
Bill Bradley
31
97th
Vacant March 11, 1982 –
April 12, 1982
 
37
Nicholas F. Brady
Republican April 12, 1982 –
December 20, 1982
Appointed to finish Williams's term.

Retired and resigned early to give his elected successor preferential seniority.
Vacant December 20, 1982 –
December 27, 1982
 
38
Frank Lautenberg
Democratic December 27, 1982 –
January 3, 2001
Appointed early, having been already elected to the next term.
Elected in 1982. 34 98th
99th 34 Re-elected in 1984.
100th
Re-elected in 1988. 35 101st
102nd 35 Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
103rd
Re-elected in 1994.

Retired.
36 104th
105th 36 Elected in 1996.

Retired.
January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
Democratic
Robert Torricelli
32
106th
39
Jon Corzine
Democratic January 3, 2001 –
January 17, 2006
Elected in 2000.

Resigned to become New Jersey Governor.
37 107th
108th 37 Elected in 2002. January 3, 2003 –
June 3, 2013
Democratic
Frank Lautenberg
33
109th
40
Bob Menendez
Democratic January 18, 2006 –
Present
Appointed to finish Corzine's term.
Elected to full term in 2006. 38 110th
111th 38 Re-elected in 2008.

Died.
112th
Re-elected in 2012. 39 113th
  June 3, 2013 –
June 6, 2013
Vacant
Appointed to continue Lautenberg's term.

Retired when his successor was elected.
June 6, 2013 –
October 31, 2013
Republican
Jeffrey Chiesa
34
Elected to finish Lautenberg's term. October 31, 2013 –
Present
Democratic
Cory Booker
35
114th 39 Re-elected in 2014.
115th
To be determined in the 2018 election. 40 116th
117th 40 To be determined in the 2020 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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  T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

Living former senators

As of October 2016, there are five living former Senators from New Jersey. The most recent senator to die was Frank Lautenberg (December 27, 1982 – January 3, 2001 and January 3, 2003 – June 3, 2013) who died in office on June 3, 2013. Lautenberg is also the most recently serving Senator to die.

Senator Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Bill Bradley January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1997 July 28, 1943
Nicholas F. Brady April 12, 1982 – December 20, 1982 April 11, 1930
Robert Torricelli January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2003 August 27, 1951
Jon Corzine January 3, 2001 – January 17, 2006 January 1, 1947
Jeffrey Chiesa June 6, 2013 – October 31, 2013 June 22, 1965

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Byrd, p. 142.
  2. 1 2 "New Jersey 1808 U.S. Senate, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 6, 2018., citing The True American and Commercial Advertiser (Philadelphia, PA). November 9, 1808.
  3. 1 2 Byrd, p. 143.
  4. "New Jersey 1815 U.S. Senate". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 26, 2018., citing New Jersey Privy Council Records, 1814. 306-307.
  5. "THE RESULT IN NEW-JERSEY.; ELECTION OF JAMES SMITH, JR., THE DEMOCRATIC NOMINEE". The New York Times. January 25, 1893. p. 5.
  6. 1 2 "KEAN UNITED STATES SENATOR". The New York Times. January 25, 1899. p. 2.
  7. William H. Smathers was installed late on April 15, 1937, remaining until then a member of the state Senate, but that does not affect when his service in the U.S. Senate begins, as there is no prohibition in concurrent service in both federal and state legislatures.

References

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