List of Tibetan monasteries
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This list of Tibetan monasteries is a listing of historical and contemporary monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism within the ethno-cultural Tibet itself and elsewhere. Tibetan monasteries are works of architectural, pictorial, decorative and landscape art. The beautiful frescoes paintings painted on silk and different textiles, the perfection of the fine forms depicted with the most accurate precision are unique monuments of world cultural heritage. Exceptional craftsmanship in woodcarving and Tibetan tantric texts leave the viewer breathless. Each millimeter of the Tibetan texts on which Tibetan priests learn. From them, they have a beauty and grace that can be compared to the most perfect calligraphic masterpieces known to man. Since ancient times, the snowy temples in Tibet have been places of wisdom, knowledge and inspiration for all laymen, regardless of their religion.
The places where the monasteries rise are unique, because they are the most sacred places for people not only from Tibet but also from the whole Himalayan ridge. These are places filled with deep history and have an important historic weight for the history of Asia. The beauty of these places is so irresistible that if an artist decides to describe it, he will not be able to. The colors of the landscape change constantly in emerald, snowy white to light blue and diamonds. The Tibetan Plateau and its colors are the most difficult to recreate by the artists. Colors in this region are extremely complex and difficult to draw.
|Badekar Monastery||Bugat, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region||Gelug||1749|
|Chaksam Cho Ri||Chushul, U-Tsang||14th century||Destroyed in 1959||from Chaksam Bridge diagram made in 1878|
|Dorje Drak||Lhoka||Nyingma||1400, 1720, 1960s in India||1717, 1960s||One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."|
|Drepung||Lhasa||Gelug||1416||Home monastery of the Dalai Lama. Founded by Jamyang Choje. Drepung was historically the largest monastery in Tibet as well as the largest in the world until the Communist Chinese invasion.|
|Drigung||Lhasa Prefecture||Kagyu||1179, 1980s||1960s|
|Dzogchen||Kham||Nyingma||1684||One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."|
|Ganden||Lhasa Prefecture||Gelug||1409||1959, 1966||Seat of the Ganden Tripa. Founded by Tsongkhapa in 1409.|
|Gyumay and Gyuto Lower and Upper Tantric Colleges||Tsang||Gelug||1433 and 1475|
|Jokhang Temple||Lhasa||Gelug||652||Severely Damaged by Communist Chinese People's Liberation Army in March, 1959||Lhasa main temple. Said to have been built by King Songtsen Gampo in 647; a major pilgrimage site.|
|Jonang Phuntsokling Monastery||Tsang||Jonang||14th century|
|Kardang||Lahaul||Drukpa||12th century||Main monastery in Lahaul.|
|Karma Gön Monastery||Kham||Kagyu||1147||Seat of the 1st to the 7th Tai Situpa|
|Katok||Garze||Nyingma||1159||One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries".|
|Keru Temple||Ü||Nyingma||mid-8th century|
|Kharchu Monastery||Lhokha||Nyingma||16th century|
|Khorshak Temple||Western Tibet|
|Labrang Monastery||Amdo||Gelug||1709||Was founded in 1709 by the first Jamyang Zhaypa, Ngawang Tsondru.|
|Magur Namgyal Ling||Amdo||Gelug||1646|
|Mindrolling||Lhokha||Nyingma||One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."|
|Nangshi Monastery||Ngaba, Amdo|
|Nyethang Drolma Lhakhang Temple||Ü|
|Pabonka Hermitage||Lhasa||Gelug||7th century||Independent before 1959, has belonged to Sera since 1980.|
|Gyantse Palkor Chöde Monastery||Tsang|
|Palpung||Derge||Kagyu||1727||Founded by the 8th Situ Panchen, Seat of the Tai Situpa and Jamgon Kongtrul.|
|Palyul||Palyul||Nyingma||One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries". Other branch "Namdroling Monastery" established by Penor Rinpoche in India, in 1963|
|Punakha Dzong||Bhutan||Drukpa||Winter home of the Central Monk Body|
|Ralung||Drukpa||Seat of the Gyalwang Drukpa|
|Rato Dratsang||Karnataka||Gelug||Formerly on the outskirts of Lhasa, but now re-established in south India.|
|Riwoche||Kham||Kagyu||Seat of the Taklung Kagyu lineage.|
|Rongwo Gönchen Monastery||Amdo|
|Sakya||Tsang||Sakya||Seat of the Sakya Trizin.|
|Samye Monastery||Ü||775 - 779|
|Samye||Nyingma||First monastery in Tibet, established by Padmasambhava and Shantarakshita. Heinrich Harrer in 1982 flew over "Samye; it was totally destroyed. One can still make out the outer wall, but none of the temples or stupas survives."|
|Sekhar Guthok Monastery||Lhokha|
|Sera||Lhasa||Gelug||One of the largest monasteries in Tibet, containing numerous colleges. Founded by Chöje Shakya Yeshe. [[:|Photo of smashed statues pieces at Lhasa's Sera Monastery destroyed by the Communist Chinese after 1959 flight of the 14th Dalai Lama to exile in India.]]|
|Shechen||Kham||Nyingma||One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries".|
|Surmang||Kagyu||Seat of the Trungpa tülkus.|
|Tabo||Spiti||Gelug||Largest monastery in Spiti.|
|Taktsang Monastery||Dzoge, Amdo|
|Tashichho Dzong||Thimphu||Drukpa||Houses the Central Monk Body in summer.|
|Tashilhünpo||Tsang||Gelug||Seat of the Panchen Lama. Founded by Gyalwa Gendün Drup.|
|Tholing Monastery||West Tibet|
|Tibet Institute Rikon||Rikon, Switzerland||Nyingma||Since 2007, the monastery comprises representatives of all four great traditions : Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya and Gelug.|
|Tradruk Temple||Lhokha||Gelug||The largest, oldest and most important monastery in the Yarlung Valley. Said to have been built by King Songtsen Gampo.|
|Tsaparang Monastery & Palace Complex||Western Tibet|
|Tsurphu||Ü||Kagyu||Seat of the Gyalwa Karmapa.|
|Yama Tashikyil||Rebkong, Amdo|
|Yarchen Gar||Nyingma||1985||Largest monastery in the world +10000 monks.|
|Yarlung Sheldrak||U-tsang||Gelug||18th century||"Yarlung Sheldrak is a monastic community that first developed around a Padmasambhava meditation cave, possibly as early as the eighth century. It was converted to the Geluk tradition in the nineteenth century."|
|Yerpa||Gelug||600–700||1959||Famous meditation site of King Songtsen Gampo and Padmasambhava; 300 monks lived here in 1959.|
|Yonghe Temple||Beijing||Gelug||1700s||National centre of Lama administration during Qing dynasty|
- Heller, Amy. Tibetan Art. Milan: Editoriale Jaca Book SpA, 1999.
- Reynolds, Valrae, et al. From the Sacred Realm: Treasures of Tibetan Art from the Newark Museum. Munich: Prestel Verlag, 1999.
- Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Gyumay and Gyuto Lower and Upper Tantric Colleges". Study Buddhism. Original version published in "Gelug Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06.
- Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Nalendra Monastery". Study Buddhism. Original version published in "Sakya Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06.
- Carnahan, Sumner; Rinpoche, Lama Kunga (1995). In the Presence of My Enemies : Memoirs of Tibetan Nobleman Tsipon Shuguba. Forward by Lobsang Lhalungpa. Santa Fe, NM: Clear Light Publishers. pp. 18 and 19. ISBN 9781574160444. OCLC 947820220.
(page 18 photo caption)- "Ngor Monastery, 1956, before destruction by Chinese Communists." and (page 19 photo caption)- "Ngor Monastery, 1980. The monastery was destroyed by the Chinese during the 'Cultural Revolution.' "
- 1912-2006., Harrer, Heinrich, (1985) . Return to Tibet: Tibet After the Chinese Occupation. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 9780140077742. OCLC 13856937.
- Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Drug Sang-ngag Choling Monastery". The Berzin Archives. Original version published in "Kagyü Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06.
- Richardson, Hugh (1950), English: Sekhar Gutog (sras mkhar dgu thog) monastery in Lhodrag near the Bhutan border founded by Milarepa in the 11th century. The famous nine-storeyed tower can clearly be seen on the left. Harvested crops may be seen in the field in the foreground., retrieved 2018-01-14
- "Yarlung Sheldrak". Treasury of Lives. 20 January 2018.
- Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Yungdrungling Monastery". The Berzin Archives. Original version published in "Bön Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06.