List of Soviet Union–United States summits

Soviet Union–United States summits were held from 1943 to 1991. The topics discussed at the summits between the President of the United States and either the General Secretary or the Premier of the Soviet Union ranged from fighting the Axis Powers during World War II to arms control between the two superpowers themselves during the Cold War.[1]

Allies of World War II

Date Place Country President of the United States General Secretary or Premier of the Soviet Union Notes
November 28December 1, 1943 Tehran  Iran [2] Franklin D. Roosevelt Joseph Stalin Also in attendance Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom.

See Tehran Conference

February 411, 1945 Yalta  Soviet Union[2] Franklin D. Roosevelt Joseph Stalin Also in attendance Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom. First visit by a United States President to the Soviet Union.[3] See Yalta Conference
July 17August 2, 1945 Potsdam Allied-occupied Germany[4] Harry S. Truman Joseph Stalin Also in attendance Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee of the United Kingdom.

See Potsdam Conference

Cold War (1953–1962)

Date Place Country President of the United States General Secretary or Premier of the Soviet Union Notes
July 1823, 1955 Geneva   Switzerland[5] Dwight D. Eisenhower Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Bulganin Also in attendance Prime Minister Anthony Eden of the United Kingdom and Prime Minister Edgar Faure of France.

See Geneva Summit

September 15, 2627, 1959 Washington, D.C. and Camp David  United States[6][7] Dwight D. Eisenhower Nikita Khrushchev First visit by a Soviet leader to the United States.
May 1617, 1960 Paris  France[5] Dwight D. Eisenhower Nikita Khrushchev Also in attendance Prime Minister Harold Macmillan of the United Kingdom and President Charles de Gaulle of France. Khrushchev left the summit due to the dispute over the 1960 U-2 incident.
June 34, 1961 Vienna  Austria[8] John F. Kennedy Nikita Khrushchev See Vienna Summit

Cold War (1962–1979)

Date Place Country President of the United States General Secretary or Premier of the Soviet Union Notes
June 23 and 25, 1967 Glassboro  United States[6] Lyndon B. Johnson Alexei Kosygin See Glassboro Summit Conference
May 2230, 1972 Moscow  Soviet Union[9] Richard Nixon Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin Signing of the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, the first Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I), and the U.S.–Soviet Incidents at Sea Agreement. See Moscow Summit (1972).
June 1825, 1973 Washington, D.C.  United States[6] Richard Nixon Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin Signing of the Agreement on the Prevention of Nuclear War.
June 28July 3, 1974 Moscow  Soviet Union[9] Richard Nixon Leonid Brezhnev Signing of the Threshold Test Ban Treaty (TTBT).
November 2324, 1974 Vladivostok  Soviet Union[10] Gerald Ford Leonid Brezhnev See Vladivostok Summit Meeting on Arms Control
July 30 and August 2, 1975 Helsinki  Finland[10] Gerald Ford Leonid Brezhnev See Helsinki Accords and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
June 1518, 1979 Vienna  Austria[11] Jimmy Carter Leonid Brezhnev Signing of the second Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT II).

Cold War (1985–1991)

Date Place Country President of the United States General Secretary or Premier of the Soviet Union Notes
November 1921, 1985 Geneva   Switzerland[12] Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev See Geneva Summit
October 1012, 1986 Reykjavík  Iceland[12] Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev See Reykjavík Summit
December 710, 1987 Washington, D.C.  United States[6] Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev Signing of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. See Washington Summit.
May 29June 1, 1988 Moscow  Soviet Union[12] Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev See Moscow Summit (1988).
December 7, 1988 New York City  United States[6] Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev Also in attendance President-elect George H. W. Bush. Gorbachev left the summit early due to the 1988 Spitak earthquake which struck the Armenian S.S.R. that same day.
December 23, 1989 Valletta  Malta[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev See Malta Summit
May 30June 3, 1990 Washington, D.C.  United States[6] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Signing of the 1990 Chemical Weapons Accord
September 9, 1990 Helsinki  Finland[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Discussed the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.[14]
November 19, 1990 Paris  France [13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Signing of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.
July 17, 1991 London  United Kingdom[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Held in conjunction with the 17th G7 Summit.
July 3031, 1991 Moscow  Soviet Union[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Signing of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I).
October 2930, 1991 Madrid  Spain[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Held in conjunction with the Madrid Conference of 1991.

See also

References

  1. Fain III, W. Taylor "Chronology: US-Soviet summits, 1943-1991" Archived 2011-11-09 at the Wayback Machine. US Department of State Dispatch, August 12, 1991
  2. 1 2 "Travels of President Franklin D. Roosevelt". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011-12-04.
  3. "Presidents Travels to Russia". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2012-01-03.
  4. "Travels of President Harry S. Truman". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011-12-04.
  5. 1 2 "Travels of President Dwight D. Eisenhower". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011-12-04.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Visits By Foreign Leaders of Russia". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2012-01-05.
  7. "1959 Year In Review Khrushchev Visits the United States". United Press International. Archived from the original on 2012-01-05.
  8. "Travels of President John F. Kennedy". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011-12-04.
  9. 1 2 "Travels of President Richard M. Nixon". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011-12-04.
  10. 1 2 "Travels of President Gerald R. Ford". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011-12-04.
  11. "Travels of President Jimmy Carter". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011-12-04.
  12. 1 2 3 "Travels of President Ronald Reagan". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011-12-04.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Travels of President George H. W. Bush". U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on 2011-12-04.
  14. "Joint News Conference of President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev in Helsinki, Finland September 9, 1990". The American Presidency Project. Archived from the original on January 5, 2012.
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