List of South American countries by population

This is a list of the countries of South American countries and dependent territories by population, which is sorted by the 2018 mid-year normalized demographic projections.

Table

RankCountry
(or dependent territory)
June 30, 2018
projection[1]
% of
pop.
Average
relative
annual
growth
(%)[2]
Average
absolute
annual
growth
[3]
Estimated
doubling
time
(years)[4]
Official
figure
(where
available)
Date of
last figure
Source
1 Brazil209,100,00049.360.861,750,00081209,690,000August 24, 2018Official population clock
2 Colombia49,755,00011.641.16555,0006049,887,000August 24, 2018Official population clock
3 Argentina44,100,00010.411.09463,0006443,590,368July 1, 2016Official estimate
4 Peru32,657,8007.521.10338,0006431,488,625June 30, 2016Official estimate
5 Venezuela31,568,0007.391.37414,0005131,028,6372016Official estimate
6 Chile18,006,0004.351.05187,0006618,191,8842016Official estimate
7 Ecuador16,279,0003.931.57252,0004417,083,400August 24, 2018Official population clock
8 Bolivia10,520,0002.541.73179,0004010,985,0592016Official estimate
9 Paraguay7,003,0001.691.58109,000446,854,5362016Official estimate
10 Uruguay3,310,0000.800.186,0003823,480,222June 30, 2016Official estimate
11 Guyana747,0000.180.000-747,884September 15, 2012Preliminary 2012 census result
12 Suriname560,0000.141.086,00064541,638August 13, 2012Final 2012 census result
13 French Guiana (France)262,0000.062.757,00026239,648January 1, 2012Official estimate
14 Falkland Islands (UK)[5]3,0000.000.000-2,563April 15, 2012Final 2012 census result
Total414,663,000100.001.044,266,00067

South American population by country (top 8).

  Brazil (49.36%)
  Colombia (11.64%)
  Argentina (10.41%)
  Peru (7.52%)
  Venezuela (7.39%)
  Chile (4.35%)
  Ecuador (3.93%)
  Bolivia (2.54%)
  Other (2.86%)

References

  1. Calculated, when available, from the latest national censuses or most recent official estimates (many of which are cited in their respective column), using the exponential formula shown on the List of countries by past and future population article. This is done to normalize the different populations to a unique date, so that they are really comparable.
  2. It corresponds to the following formula: projection2015/projection2014x100-100.
  3. It corresponds to the calculation: projection2015*annual_growth/100.
  4. It corresponds to the formula: LN(2)/LN(growth/100+1), which produces exactly the same result as LOG10(2)/LOG10(growth/100+1).
  5. Islands claimed by Argentina. Possessed by the British from 5 January 1833, it was briefly captured by the Argentinian forces during the Falklands War (April 2-June 14, 1982)
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