List of Prime Ministers of Israel
Prime Ministers of Israel (1948–present)
A total of twelve people have served as Prime Minister of Israel, five of whom have served on two non-consecutive occasions. Additionally, one person, Yigal Allon, has served solely as an Interim Prime Minister.
The other two who have served as ad interim Prime Minister have gone on to become the Prime Minister.
(birth and death)
|Portrait||Political party||Term of office||Elected
|Mapai||14 May 1948||10 March 1949||—||Prov.||Mapai• Mapam• HHaM• New Aliyah• S&O• Mizrachi• Gen.Zionists• Aguda|
|10 March 1949||1 November 1950||1949 (1st)||1st||Mapai• URF• Progressives• S&O• DLN|
|1 November 1950||8 October 1951||2nd|
|8 October 1951||24 December 1952||1951 (2nd)||3rd||Mapai• Mizrachi• HHaM-Aguda-PAY• DLIA-P&W-A&D|
|24 December 1952||26 January 1954||4th||Mapai• Gen.Zionists• Progressive• Mizrachi• HHaM• DLIA-P&W-A&D|
|Mapai||26 January 1954||29 June 1955||5th|
|29 June 1955||3 November 1955||6th||Mapai• Mizrachi• HHaM• DLIA-P&W-A&D|
|Mapai||3 November 1955||7 January 1958||1955 (3rd)||7th||Mapai• NRP• Mapam• AHaA• Progressives• DLIA-P&W-A&D• P&D-C&B|
|7 January 1958||17 December 1959||8th|
|17 December 1959||2 November 1961||1959 (4th)||9th|
|2 November 1961||26 June 1963||1961 (5th)||10th||Mapai• NRP• AHaA• PAY• P&D-C&B|
|Mapai||26 June 1963||22 December 1964||11th|
|22 December 1964||12 January 1966||12th|
|12 January 1966||26 February 1969||1965 (6th)||13th||Alignment• NRP• Mapam• Indep.Liberals• PAY• P&D-C&B• Gahal• Rafi|
|26 February 1969||17 March 1969|
|17 March 1969||15 December 1969||14th|
|15 December 1969||10 March 1974||1969 (7th)||15th||Alignment• Gahal• NRP• Indep.Liberals• P&D-C&B|
|10 March 1974||3 June 1974||1973 (8th)||16th||Alignment• NRP• Indep.Liberals|
|3 June 1974||20 June 1977||17th||Alignment• Indep.Liberals• Ratz• NRP|
|Likud||20 June 1977||5 August 1981||1977 (9th)||18th||Likud• NRP• Aguda• Dash|
|5 August 1981||10 October 1983||1981 (10th)||19th||Likud• NRP• Aguda• Tami• Telem/MRSZ• Tehiya|
|Likud||10 October 1983||13 September 1984||20th|
|13 September 1984||20 October 1986||1984 (11th)||21st||Alignment• Likud• NRP• Aguda• Shas• Morasha• Shinui• Ometz|
|Likud||20 October 1986||22 December 1988||22nd|
|22 December 1988||11 June 1990||1988 (12th)||23rd||Likud• Alignment• NRP• Shas• Aguda• Degel HaTorah|
|11 June 1990||13 July 1992||24th||Likud• NRP• Shas• Aguda• Degel HaTorah• New Liberal• Tehiya• Tzomet• Moledet• UPI• Geula|
|Labor||13 July 1992||4 November 1995||1992 (13th)||25th||Labor• Meretz• Shas• Yiud|
|Labor||(acting, 4 Nov. 1995)|
22 November 1995
|18 June 1996||26th|
|Likud||18 June 1996||6 July 1999||1996||14th||27th||Likud-Gesher-Tzomet• Shas• NRP• BaAliyah• UTJ• Third Way|
|6 July 1999||7 March 2001||1999||15th||28th||One Israel• Shas• Meretz• BaAliyah• Centre• NRP• UTJ|
|Likud||7 March 2001||28 February 2003||2001||29th||Likud• Labor-Meimad• Shas• Centre• NRP• UTJ• BaAliyah• NU-Beiteinu• New Way• Gesher|
|28 February 2003||21 November 2005||2003 (16th)||30th||Likud• Shinui• NU• NRP• Labor-Meimad• Aguda|
|Kadima||21 November 2005||(4 Jan. 2006)
14 April 2006
|Kadima• Likud• Aguda|
|Kadima||(acting, 4 Jan. 2006)|
14 April 2006
|4 May 2006|
|4 May 2006||31 March 2009||2006 (17th)||31st||Kadima• Labor• Shas• Gil• Beiteinu|
|Likud||31 March 2009||18 March 2013||2009 (18th)||32nd||Likud• Beiteinu• Shas• Labor/Indep.• Jewish Home• UTJ|
|18 March 2013||6 May 2015||2013 (19th)||33rd||Likud• Yesh Atid• The Jewish Home• Yisrael Beiteinu• Hatnuah|
|6 May 2015||Incumbent||2015 (20th)||34th||Likud• Kulanu• The Jewish Home• Shas• UTJ• Yisrael Beiteinu|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
1 For the 1965 elections, Mapai allied with Ahdut HaAvoda to form the Labor Alignment, later renamed Alignment. This first Alignment ended when Mapai, Ahdut HaAvoda and Rafi merged to form the Labor Party on 23 January 1968. On 28 January 1969, Labor formed a second Alignment in alliance with Mapam.
3 Rabin resigned and called for early elections in December 1976. After he was re-elected as the Alignment's leader, he resigned as candidate for the upcoming elections on 7 April 1977, but legally remained Prime Minister until Begin's first government was formed. However, Shimon Peres unofficially served as Acting Prime Minister from 22 April 1977 until 21 June 1977.
4 After the 1984 elections, Likud and the Alignment reached a coalition agreement by which the role of Prime Minister would be rotated mid-term between them. Shimon Peres of the Alignment served as Prime Minister for the first two years, and then the role was passed to Yitzhak Shamir. After the 1988 election Likud was able to govern without the Alignment, and Yitzhak Shamir became Prime Minister again.
6 On 21 November 2005, Prime Minister Sharon, along with several other ministers and MKs, split from Likud over the issue of disengagement from the Gaza Strip and negotiations over the final status of the West Bank. Sharon formed a new party, Kadima, which would go on to compete in the following elections of March 2006. Sharon continued as Prime Minister.
7 As the result of Ariel Sharon suffering a severe stroke on 4 January 2006, and being put under general anaesthetic, Ehud Olmert served as the Acting Prime Minister (Hebrew: ממלא מקום ראש הממשלה בפועל) from 4 January to 14 April, according to Basic Law: The Government: "Should the Prime Minister be temporarily unable to discharge his duties, his place will be filled by the Acting Prime Minister. After the passage of 100 days upon which the Prime Minister does not resume his duties, the Prime Minister will be deemed permanently unable to exercise his office." Basic Law: the Government 2001, section 16b In Sharon's case, this occurred on 14 April 2006, upon which Olmert became Interim Prime Minister for the remainder of the 30th government, finally becoming full Prime Minister on the formation of the 31st government.
8 Olmert officially resigned on 21 September 2008. With this, his cabinet became an interim government, and he was the "Interim" Prime Minister until the establishment of a new governing coalition (he was officially the Prime Minister, however, the government under him was an interim government, in this case).
9 The following parties were members of a government during only part of its term:
- 9th: Progress and Development and Cooperation and Brotherhood, two new parties, were members of the 9th government, which was otherwise identical in composition to the 7th and 8th governments.
- 13th: Gahal and Rafi joined 5 June 1967. Rafi merged into Labor (a member of the Alignment) 23 January 1968.
- 15th: Gahal stood down 6 August 1970.
- 17th: National Religious Party joined 30 October 1970; Ratz stood down 6 November 1970.
- 18th: Democratic Movement for Change joined October 1977.
- 19th: Tehiya joined 26 August 1981; the Movement for the Renewal of Social Zionism was formed 6 June 1983 following the break-up of Telem.
- 22nd: Morasha was not included in the 22nd government, which was otherwise identical in composition to the 21st government.
- 25th: Shas stood down 14 September 1993; Yiud joined 9 January 1995.
- 28th: United Torah Judaism stood down September 1999.
- 29th: Shas stood down 23 May 2002, returned 3 June; Labor-Meimad stood down 2 November 2002.
- 30th: National Religious Party joined 3 March 2003, stood down 11 November 2004; National Union stood down 6 June 2004; Shinui stood down 4 December 2004; Labor-Meimad joined 10 January 2005; Agudat Yisrael joined 30 March 2005; Kadima broke away from Likud and Labor-Meimad stood down 23 November 2005, leaving a government consisting of Kadima, Likud and Agudat Yisrael; Likud stood down 15 January 2006.
- 31st: Yisrael Beiteinu joined November 2006; stood down 16 January 2008.
- 32nd: United Torah Judaism joined 1 April 2009; Independence broke away from Labor 17 January 2011; Independence remained in the government and Labor stood down.
Term of office in years
- David Ben-Gurion: 13 years and 127 days (first term: 5 years and 257 days; second term: 7 years and 235 days)
- Benjamin Netanyahu: Incumbent - 12 years, 173 days as of 2 September 2018 (first term: 3 years and 18 days; second and current term: 9 years, 155 days)
- Netanyahu holds the record for the longest single term (his second term) of any Israeli prime minister.
- If Netanyahu serves continuously as Prime Minister on July 16, 2019, he will tie Ben-Gurion to become the longest serving Prime Minister in Israel's history. He will break that record for himself one day later on July 17, 2019.
- Yitzhak Shamir: 6 years and 242 days (first term: 339 days; second term: 5 years and 268 days)
- Yitzhak Rabin: 6 years and 132 days (first term: 3 years and 18 days; second term: 3 years and 114 days)
- Menachem Begin: 6 years and 113 days
- Levi Eshkol: 5 years and 247 days
- Ariel Sharon: 5 years and 39 days (Including a 100 days period of "temporary incapacitation" wherein the Prime minister's authorities were delegated to the Designated Acting Prime Minister)
- Golda Meir: 5 years and 19 days
- Ehud Olmert: 2 years and 351 days (In addition, served as Acting Prime Minister, wherein the Prime Minister's authorities were delegated to him)
- Shimon Peres: 2 years and 264 days (first term: 2 years and 37 days; second term: 227 days)
- Moshe Sharett: 1 year and 281 days
- Ehud Barak: 1 year and 245 days
- Yigal Allon: 19 days (interim)
This is a graphical lifespan timeline of Prime Ministers of Israel. The prime ministers are listed in order of office.
- Knesset, Governments of Israel
- Basic Law: The Government (2001) Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7 March 2001
- Mazal Mualem, Shahar Ilan, Barak Ravid, Haaretz Correspondents, and The Associated Press (21 September 2008). "Olmert formally submits his resignation to Peres". Haaretz. Retrieved 21 September 2008.