List of Prime Ministers of Israel

This article lists the Prime Ministers of Israel since the adoption of the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948.

Prime Ministers of Israel (1948–present)

Colour key
Mapai/Alignment/Labor Likud Kadima

A total of twelve people have served as Prime Minister of Israel, five of whom have served on two non-consecutive occasions. Additionally, one person, Yigal Allon, has served solely as an Interim Prime Minister.

The other two who have served as ad interim Prime Minister have gone on to become the Prime Minister.

No. Name
(birth and death)
Portrait Political party Term of office Elected
(Knesset)
Government
No. Composition
1 David Ben-Gurion
דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן
(1886–1973)
Mapai 14 May 194810 March 1949 Prov. MapaiMapamHHaMNew AliyahS&OMizrachiGen.ZionistsAguda
10 March 19491 November 1950 1949 (1st) 1st MapaiURFProgressivesS&ODLN
1 November 19508 October 1951 2nd
8 October 195124 December 1952 1951 (2nd) 3rd MapaiMizrachiHHaM-Aguda-PAYDLIA-P&W-A&D
24 December 195226 January 1954 4th MapaiGen.ZionistsProgressiveMizrachiHHaMDLIA-P&W-A&D
2 Moshe Sharett
משֶׁה שָרֵת
(1894–1965)
Mapai 26 January 195429 June 1955 5th
29 June 19553 November 1955 6th MapaiMizrachiHHaMDLIA-P&W-A&D
(1) David Ben-Gurion
דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן
(1886–1973)
Mapai 3 November 19557 January 1958 1955 (3rd) 7th MapaiNRPMapamAHaAProgressivesDLIA-P&W-A&DP&D-C&B[9]
7 January 195817 December 1959 8th
17 December 19592 November 1961 1959 (4th) 9th
2 November 196126 June 1963 1961 (5th) 10th MapaiNRPAHaAPAYP&D-C&B
3 Levi Eshkol
לֵוִי אֶשְׁכּוֹל
(1895–1969)
Mapai 26 June 196322 December 1964 11th
22 December 196412 January 1966 12th
Alignment[1]
Mapai/Labor
12 January 196626 February 1969[2] 1965 (6th) 13th AlignmentNRPMapamIndep.LiberalsPAYP&D-C&BGahal[9]Rafi[9]
Yigal Allon
(acting)
יִגְאָל אַלּוֹן
(1918–1980)
Alignment
Labor
26 February 1969[2]17 March 1969
4 Golda Meir
גּוֹלְדָּה מֵאִיר
(1898–1978)
Alignment
Labor
17 March 196915 December 1969 14th
15 December 196910 March 1974 1969 (7th) 15th AlignmentGahal[9]NRPIndep.LiberalsP&D-C&B
10 March 19743 June 1974 1973 (8th) 16th AlignmentNRPIndep.Liberals
5 Yitzhak Rabin
יִצְחָק רַבִּין
(1922–1995)
Alignment
Labor
3 June 197420 June 1977[3] 17th AlignmentIndep.LiberalsRatz[9]NRP[9]
6 Menachem Begin
מְנַחֵם בֵּגִין
(1913–1992)
Likud 20 June 19775 August 1981 1977 (9th) 18th LikudNRPAgudaDash[9]
5 August 198110 October 1983 1981 (10th) 19th LikudNRPAgudaTamiTelem/MRSZ[9]Tehiya[9]
7 Yitzhak Shamir
יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר
(1915–2012)
Likud 10 October 198313 September 1984 20th
8 Shimon Peres
שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס
(1923–2016)
Alignment
Labor
13 September 1984[4]20 October 1986 1984 (11th) 21st AlignmentLikudNRPAgudaShasMorasha[9]ShinuiOmetz
(7) Yitzhak Shamir
יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר
(1915–2012)
Likud 20 October 1986[4]22 December 1988 22nd
22 December 198811 June 1990 1988 (12th) 23rd LikudAlignmentNRPShasAgudaDegel HaTorah
11 June 199013 July 1992 24th LikudNRPShasAgudaDegel HaTorahNew LiberalTehiyaTzometMoledetUPIGeula
(5) Yitzhak Rabin
יִצְחָק רַבִּין
(1922–1995)
Labor 13 July 19924 November 1995[5] 1992 (13th) 25th LaborMeretzShas[9]Yiud[9]
(8) Shimon Peres
שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס
(1923–2016)
Labor (acting, 4 Nov. 1995)[5]
22 November 1995
18 June 1996 26th
9 Benjamin Netanyahu
בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ
(1949–)
Likud 18 June 19966 July 1999 1996 14th 27th Likud-Gesher-TzometShasNRPBaAliyahUTJThird Way
10 Ehud Barak
אֵהוּד בָּרָק
(1942–)
One Israel
Labor
6 July 19997 March 2001 1999 15th 28th One IsraelShasMeretzBaAliyahCentreNRPUTJ[9]


11
Ariel Sharon
אֲרִיאֵל שָׁרוֹן
(1928–2014)
Likud 7 March 200128 February 2003 2001 29th LikudLabor-Meimad[9]Shas[9]CentreNRPUTJBaAliyahNU-BeiteinuNew WayGesher
28 February 200321 November 2005 2003 (16th) 30th LikudShinui[9]NU[9]NRP[9]Labor-MeimadAguda[9]
Kadima 21 November 2005(4 Jan. 2006)[7]
14 April 2006
KadimaLikud[9]Aguda
12 Ehud Olmert
אֵהוּד אוֹלְמֶרט
(1945–)
Kadima (acting, 4 Jan. 2006)[7]
14 April 2006
4 May 2006
4 May 200631 March 2009[8] 2006 (17th) 31st KadimaLaborShasGilBeiteinu[9]
(9) Benjamin Netanyahu
בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ
(1949–)
Likud 31 March 200918 March 2013 2009 (18th) 32nd LikudBeiteinuShasLabor/Indep.[9]Jewish HomeUTJ[9]
18 March 20136 May 2015 2013 (19th) 33rd LikudYesh AtidThe Jewish HomeYisrael BeiteinuHatnuah
6 May 2015Incumbent 2015 (20th) 34th LikudKulanuThe Jewish HomeShasUTJYisrael Beiteinu
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Notes

1 For the 1965 elections, Mapai allied with Ahdut HaAvoda to form the Labor Alignment, later renamed Alignment. This first Alignment ended when Mapai, Ahdut HaAvoda and Rafi merged to form the Labor Party on 23 January 1968. On 28 January 1969, Labor formed a second Alignment in alliance with Mapam.

2 Eshkol died while in office. Yigal Allon briefly served as Acting Prime Minister until he was replaced by Meir.

3 Rabin resigned and called for early elections in December 1976. After he was re-elected as the Alignment's leader, he resigned as candidate for the upcoming elections on 7 April 1977, but legally remained Prime Minister until Begin's first government was formed. However, Shimon Peres unofficially served as Acting Prime Minister from 22 April 1977 until 21 June 1977.

4 After the 1984 elections, Likud and the Alignment reached a coalition agreement by which the role of Prime Minister would be rotated mid-term between them. Shimon Peres of the Alignment served as Prime Minister for the first two years, and then the role was passed to Yitzhak Shamir. After the 1988 election Likud was able to govern without the Alignment, and Yitzhak Shamir became Prime Minister again.

5 Rabin was assassinated while in office. Shimon Peres served as Acting Prime Minister until 22 November 1995.

6 On 21 November 2005, Prime Minister Sharon, along with several other ministers and MKs, split from Likud over the issue of disengagement from the Gaza Strip and negotiations over the final status of the West Bank. Sharon formed a new party, Kadima, which would go on to compete in the following elections of March 2006. Sharon continued as Prime Minister.

7 As the result of Ariel Sharon suffering a severe stroke on 4 January 2006, and being put under general anaesthetic, Ehud Olmert served as the Acting Prime Minister (Hebrew: ממלא מקום ראש הממשלה בפועל) from 4 January[1] to 14 April, according to Basic Law: The Government: "Should the Prime Minister be temporarily unable to discharge his duties, his place will be filled by the Acting Prime Minister. After the passage of 100 days upon which the Prime Minister does not resume his duties, the Prime Minister will be deemed permanently unable to exercise his office." Basic Law: the Government 2001, section 16b In Sharon's case, this occurred on 14 April 2006, upon which Olmert became Interim Prime Minister for the remainder of the 30th government, finally becoming full Prime Minister on the formation of the 31st government.[2]

8 Olmert officially resigned on 21 September 2008. With this, his cabinet became an interim government, and he was the "Interim" Prime Minister until the establishment of a new governing coalition (he was officially the Prime Minister, however, the government under him was an interim government, in this case).[3]

9 The following parties were members of a government during only part of its term:

Term of office in years

  1. David Ben-Gurion: 13 years and 127 days (first term: 5 years and 257 days; second term: 7 years and 235 days)
  2. Benjamin Netanyahu: Incumbent - 12 years, 173 days as of 2 September 2018 (first term: 3 years and 18 days; second and current term: 9 years, 155 days)
    Netanyahu holds the record for the longest single term (his second term) of any Israeli prime minister.[4]
    If Netanyahu serves continuously as Prime Minister on July 16, 2019, he will tie Ben-Gurion to become the longest serving Prime Minister in Israel's history. He will break that record for himself one day later on July 17, 2019.
  3. Yitzhak Shamir: 6 years and 242 days (first term: 339 days; second term: 5 years and 268 days)
  4. Yitzhak Rabin: 6 years and 132 days (first term: 3 years and 18 days; second term: 3 years and 114 days)
  5. Menachem Begin: 6 years and 113 days
  6. Levi Eshkol: 5 years and 247 days
  7. Ariel Sharon: 5 years and 39 days (Including a 100 days period of "temporary incapacitation" wherein the Prime minister's authorities were delegated to the Designated Acting Prime Minister)
  8. Golda Meir: 5 years and 19 days
  9. Ehud Olmert: 2 years and 351 days (In addition, served as Acting Prime Minister, wherein the Prime Minister's authorities were delegated to him)
  10. Shimon Peres: 2 years and 264 days (first term: 2 years and 37 days; second term: 227 days)
  11. Moshe Sharett: 1 year and 281 days
  12. Ehud Barak: 1 year and 245 days
  13. Yigal Allon: 19 days (interim)

This is a graphical lifespan timeline of Prime Ministers of Israel. The prime ministers are listed in order of office.

See also

References

  1. Knesset, Governments of Israel
  2. Basic Law: The Government (2001) Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7 March 2001
  3. Mazal Mualem, Shahar Ilan, Barak Ravid, Haaretz Correspondents, and The Associated Press (21 September 2008). "Olmert formally submits his resignation to Peres". Haaretz. Retrieved 21 September 2008.
  4. http://hamodia.com/2016/11/21/netanyahu-now-longest-continuous-serving-prime-minister/

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