List of Presidents of the United States by date of death

The following is a list of Presidents of the United States by date of death, plus additional lists of presidential death related statistics. Of the 44 persons who have served as President of the United States since the office came into existence in 1789, 38 have died[lower-alpha 1]  eight died while in office.

The oldest president at the time of death was Gerald Ford, who died at the age of 93 years, 165 days; two living former presidents—George H. W. Bush and Jimmy Carter—have subsequently surpassed Ford's lifespan. John F. Kennedy, assassinated at the age of 46 years, 177 days, was the nation's shortest-lived president; the youngest to have died by natural causes was James K. Polk, who died of cholera at the age of 53 years, 225 days.

Presidents in order of death

OrderPresidentDate[lower-alpha 2]AgeCausePlaceIn office
1George WashingtonDecember 14, 179967acute epiglottitis[1]Mount Vernon, Virginia(1st) April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797
2Thomas JeffersonJuly 4, 182683toxemia from a kidney infection,
uremia from kidney damage, and pneumonia[2]
Charlottesville, Virginia(3rd) March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809
3John AdamsJuly 4, 182690heart failureQuincy, Massachusetts(2nd) March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801
4James MonroeJuly 4, 183173tuberculosisNew York City, New York(5th) March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825
5James MadisonJune 28, 183685heart failureOrange, Virginia(4th) March 4, 1809 – March 4, 1817
6William Henry Harrison[lower-alpha 3]April 4, 184168enteric fever[3]Washington, D.C.(9th) March 4, 1841 – April 4, 1841
7Andrew JacksonJune 8, 184578chronic dropsy, and heart failure[4]Nashville, Tennessee(7th) March 4, 1829 – March 4, 1837
8John Quincy AdamsFebruary 23, 184880stroke[5]Washington, D.C.(6th) March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829
9James K. PolkJune 15, 184953cholera [6]Nashville, Tennessee(11th) March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1849
10Zachary Taylor[lower-alpha 3]July 9, 185065gastroenteritis[7]Washington, D.C.(12th) March 4, 1849 – July 9, 1850
11John TylerJanuary 18, 186271stroke [8]Richmond, Virginia(10th) April 4, 1841 – March 4, 1845
12Martin Van BurenJuly 24, 186279asthmaKinderhook, New York(8th) March 4, 1837 – March 4, 1841
13Abraham Lincoln[lower-alpha 3]April 15, 186556gunshot wound[9][lower-alpha 4]Washington, D.C.(16th) March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865
14James BuchananJune 1, 186877respiratory failure, rheumatic goutLancaster, Pennsylvania(15th) March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861
15Franklin PierceOctober 8, 186964inflammation of the stomachConcord, New Hampshire(14th) March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1857
16Millard FillmoreMarch 8, 187474stroke[8]Buffalo, New York(13th) July 9, 1850 – March 4, 1853
17Andrew JohnsonJuly 31, 187566stroke[8]Carter's Station, Tennessee(17th) April 15, 1865 – March 4, 1869
18James A. Garfield[lower-alpha 3]September 19, 188149septic shock resulting from gunshot wound[lower-alpha 5]Elberon, New Jersey(20th) March 4, 1881 – September 19, 1881
19Ulysses S. GrantJuly 23, 188563throat cancer[10]Wilton, New York(18th) March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1877
20Chester A. ArthurNovember 18, 188657stroke[8]New York City, New York(21st) September 19, 1881 – March 4, 1885
21Rutherford B. HayesJanuary 17, 189370heart diseaseFremont, Ohio(19th) March 4, 1877 – March 4, 1881
22Benjamin HarrisonMarch 13, 190167pneumoniaIndianapolis, Indiana(23rd) March 4, 1889 – March 4, 1893
23William McKinley[lower-alpha 3]September 14, 190158gangrene within gunshot wound[lower-alpha 6]Buffalo, New York(25th) March 4, 1897 – September 14, 1901
24Grover ClevelandJune 24, 190871coronary sclerosis; paralysis; or
intestinal obstruction
Princeton, New Jersey(22nd) March 4, 1885 – March 4, 1889
(24th) March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1897
25Theodore RooseveltJanuary 6, 191960coronary occlusion by a blood clot (assumed)[11]Oyster Bay, New York(26th) September 14, 1901 – March 4, 1909
26Warren G. Harding[lower-alpha 3]August 2, 192357congestive heart failure (likely)San Francisco, California(29th) March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923
27Woodrow WilsonFebruary 3, 192467apoplexy, paralysisWashington, D.C.(28th) March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1921
28William Howard TaftMarch 8, 193072heart diseaseWashington, D.C.(27th) March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913
29Calvin CoolidgeJanuary 5, 193360heart attackNorthampton, Massachusetts(30th) August 2, 1923 – March 4, 1929
30Franklin D. Roosevelt[lower-alpha 3]April 12, 194563cerebral hemorrhage or strokeWarm Springs, Georgia(32nd) March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945
31John F. Kennedy[lower-alpha 3]November 22, 196346gunshot wound[lower-alpha 7]Dallas, Texas(35th) January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963
32Herbert HooverOctober 20, 196490internal hemorrhage,
upper gastrointestinal bleeding,
strained vascular systems
New York City, New York(31st) March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933
33Dwight D. EisenhowerMarch 28, 196978coronary thrombosis, heart failureWashington, D.C.(34th) January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961
34Harry S. TrumanDecember 26, 197288minor lung congestion; organ failures;
cardiovascular system collapse, hypotension
Kansas City, Missouri(33rd) April 12, 1945 – January 20, 1953
35Lyndon B. JohnsonJanuary 22, 197364heart attackJohnson City, Texas(36th) November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969
36Richard NixonApril 22, 199481stroke, paralysis, swelling of the brainNew York City, New York(37th) January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974[lower-alpha 8]
37Ronald ReaganJune 5, 200493Alzheimer's disease, pneumoniaLos Angeles, California(40th) January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1989
38Gerald FordDecember 26, 200693arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular disease
and diffuse arteriosclerosis
Rancho Mirage, California(38th) August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977

Notes

  1. Living presidents (in order of age) are: George H. W. Bush, Jimmy Carter, Donald Trump, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama.
  2. Dates of death sort by month and day
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Died in office
  4. For further information, see Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
  5. For further information, see Assassination of James A. Garfield
  6. For further information, see Assassination of William McKinley
  7. For further information, see Assassination of John F. Kennedy
  8. Resigned from office

Died same day, date, year, age.

Same day

Same date

Same year

Harry S. Truman (left) and Gerald Ford (right) died latest in the calendar year, December 26

Same age

Died before predecessor(s)

3rd President Thomas Jefferson (July 4, 1826)

Approximately five hours before 2nd President John Adams (also July 4, 1826)

5th President James Monroe (died July 4, 1831)

4 years, 360 days before 4th President James Madison (died June 28, 1836)

7th President Andrew Jackson (died June 8, 1845)

2 years, 260 days before 6th President John Quincy Adams (died February 23, 1848)

9th President William Henry Harrison (died April 4, 1841)

4 years, 65 days before 7th President Andrew Jackson (died June 8, 1845)
6 years, 325 days before 6th President John Quincy Adams (died February 23, 1848)
21 years, 111 days before 8th President Martin Van Buren (died July 24, 1862)

10th President John Tyler (died January 18, 1862)

187 days before 8th President Martin Van Buren (died July 24, 1862)

11th President James K. Polk (died June 15, 1849)

12 years, 217 days before 10th President John Tyler (died January 18, 1862)
13 years, 39 days before 8th President Martin Van Buren (died July 24, 1862)

12th President Zachary Taylor (died July 9, 1850)

11 years, 193 days before 10th President John Tyler (died January 18, 1862)
12 years, 15 days before 8th President Martin Van Buren (died July 24, 1862)

14th President Franklin Pierce (died October 8, 1869)

4 years, 151 days before 13th President Millard Fillmore (died March 8, 1874)

15th President James Buchanan (died June 1, 1868)

1 year, 129 days before 14th President Franklin Pierce (died October 8, 1869)
5 years, 280 days before 13th President Millard Fillmore (died March 8, 1874)

16th President Abraham Lincoln (died April 15, 1865)

3 years, 47 days before 15th President James Buchanan (died June 1, 1868)
4 years, 176 days before 14th President Franklin Pierce (died October 8, 1869)
8 years, 327 days before 13th President Millard Fillmore (died March 8, 1874)

20th President James A. Garfield (died September 19, 1881)

3 years, 307 days before 18th President Ulysses S. Grant (died July 23, 1885)
11 years, 120 days before 19th President Rutherford B. Hayes (died January 17, 1893)

21st President Chester A. Arthur (died November 19, 1886)

6 years, 59 days before 19th President Rutherford B. Hayes (died January 17, 1893)

25th President William McKinley (died September 14, 1901)

6 years, 284 days before 22nd & 24th President Grover Cleveland (died June 24, 1908)

28th President Woodrow Wilson (died February 3, 1924)

6 years, 33 days before 27th President William Howard Taft (died March 8, 1930)

29th President Warren Harding (died August 2, 1923)

185 days before 28th President Woodrow Wilson (died February 3, 1924)
6 years, 218 days before 27th President William Howard Taft (died March 8, 1930)

32nd President Franklin D. Roosevelt (died April 12, 1945)

19 years, 191 days before 31st President Herbert Hoover (died October 20, 1964)

34th President Dwight D. Eisenhower (died March 28, 1969)

3 years, 273 days before 33rd President Harry S. Truman (died December 26, 1972)

35th President John F. Kennedy (died November 22, 1963)

333 days before 31st President Herbert Hoover (died October 20, 1964)
5 years, 126 days before 34th President Dwight D. Eisenhower (died March 28, 1969)
9 years, 34 days before 33rd President Harry S. Truman (died December 26, 1972)

40th President Ronald Reagan (died June 5, 2004)

2 years, 204 days before 38th President Gerald Ford (died December 26, 2006)
(Also died before 39th President Jimmy Carter, who is still living)

See also

References

  1. Wallenborn, White McKenzie, M.D. (November 5, 1997). "George Washington's Terminal Illness: A Modern Medical Analysis of the Last Illness and Death of George Washington". The Papers of George Washington. Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia.
  2. Martin, Russell L. (May 18, 1990). "Jefferson's Cause of Death". Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia. Charlottesville, Virginia: Thomas Jefferson Foundation. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  3. Jane McHugh; Philip A. Mackowiak (March 31, 2014). "What Really Killed William Henry Harrison?". The New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  4. Marx, Rudolph. "The Health Of The President: Andrew Jackson". healthguidance.org. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  5. "The Death of Representative John Quincy Adams of Massachusetts". Washington, D.C.: U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  6. Dusinberre, William (2003). Slavemaster President: The Double Career of James Polk. New York, New York: Oxford University Press. p. 3. ISBN 0-19-515735-4. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  7. Marriott, Michel (June 27, 2011). "Verdict In: 12th President Was Not Assassinated". The New York Times. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  8. 1 2 3 4 Jones, Jeffrey M.; Jones, Joni L. "Presidential Stroke: United States Presidents and Cerebrovascular Disease (John Tyler)". Journal CMEs. CNS Spectrums (The International Journal of Neuropsychiatric Medicine). Retrieved August 31, 2014.
  9. Morison, Samuel Eliot (1965). The Oxford History of the American People. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 703–704. LCCN 65-12468.
  10. "Former President Ulysses S. Grant dies". History. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  11. Marx, Rudolph. "The Health Of The President: Theodore Roosevelt". healthguidance.org. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  12. 1 2 The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents.
  13. Preston, Daniel. "James Monroe: Life After the Presidency". Charlottesville, Virginia: Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
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