List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (2010–2019)

Padma Bhushan
Awarded by

Government of India
Country India
Type National Civilian
Ribbon
Obverse A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.
Reverse A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
Statistics
Established 1954
Previous name(s) Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)
First awarded 1954
Total awarded 204
Precedence
Next (higher) Padma Vibhushan
Next (lower) Padma Shri

The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India.[1] Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.[2] The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day (26 January) and registered in The Gazette of Indiaa publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, under the Ministry of Urban Development.[3] The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. The name of a recipient, whose award has been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, is archived and they are required to surrender their medal when their name is struck from the register.[4] As of 2018, none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 2010s have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, as well as from Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.[3]

When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg" (Class II) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri.[3] The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute.[4] The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 34 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 18 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 316 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 116 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 14 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle.[3][4] It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.[lower-alpha 1]

As of 2018, a total of 204 individuals have been conferred with the award in 2010s  forty-three conferments were presented in 2010, followed by thirty-one in 2011, twenty-eight in 2012, twenty-three in 2013, twenty-four in 2014, twenty in 2015, nineteen in 2016, seven in 2017, and nine in 2018. Since 2010, the Padma Bhushan have been conferred upon twenty-eight foreign recipients  nineteen from the United States, three from the United Kingdom, and one each from Bangladesh, Germany, Ireland, Singapore, Russia, and Thailand. Individuals from ten different fields were awarded, which includes fifty-eight artists, thirty-four from literature and education, twenty-three from science and engineering, nineteen from trade and industry, seventeen from medicine, fourteen civil servants, thirteen from public affairs, nine sportspersons, seven from social work, and eleven from other fields. Most recently on 25 January 2018, the award has been bestowed upon nine recipients.[6]

Recipients

Award recipients by year[6]
Year Number of recipients
2010
43
2011
31
2012
28
2013
23
2014
24
2015
20
2016
19
2017
7
2018
9
Award recipients by field[6]
Field Number of recipients
Arts
58
Civil Service
14
Literature & Education
34
Medicine
17
Others
11
Public Affairs
13
Science & Engineering
23
Social Work
7
Sports
9
Trade & Industry
19
Key
   # Indicates a posthumous honour
List of Padma Bhushan award recipients, showing the year, field, and state/country[6]
Year Recipient Field State
2010 Satya Paul Agarwal MedicineDelhi
2010 Mohammad Amin Literature & EducationDelhi
2010 Sailesh Kumar Bandopadhyay Public AffairsWest Bengal
2010 M. S. Banga Trade & Industry[upper-alpha 1]
2010 Anil Bordia Literature & EducationRajasthan
2010 Bipan Chandra Literature & EducationDelhi
2010 B. K. Chaturvedi Civil ServiceDelhi
2010 Sant Singh Chatwal Public Affairs[upper-alpha 2]
2010 G. P. Chopra Literature & EducationDelhi
2010 Tan Chung Literature & Education[upper-alpha 2]
2010 Madhusudan Dhaky ArtsGujarat
2010 P. R. Dubhashi Civil ServiceMaharashtra
2010 Puttaraj Gawai ArtsKarnataka
2010 Belle Monappa Hegde MedicineKarnataka
2010 Ilaiyaraaja ArtsTamil Nadu
2010 Jagdish Chandra Kapur Science & EngineeringDelhi
2010 Shrinivas Khale ArtsMaharashtra
2010 Aamir Khan ArtsMaharashtra
2010 Sultan Khan ArtsMaharashtra
2010 Ram Kumar ArtsDelhi
2010 Kumudini Lakhia ArtsGujarat
2010 Kuzhur Narayana Marar ArtsKerala
2010 Chhannulal Mishra ArtsUttar Pradesh
2010 E. T. Narayanan Mooss MedicineKerala
2010 C. P. Krishnan Nair Trade & IndustryMaharashtra
2010 S. P. Oswal Trade & IndustryPunjab
2010 Akbar Padamsee ArtsMaharashtra
2010 Ramakanta Panda MedicineMaharashtra
2010 Balasaheb Vikhe Patil Social WorkMaharashtra
2010 Arogyaswami Paulraj Science & Engineering[upper-alpha 2]
2010 A. R. Rahman ArtsTamil Nadu
2010 Moosa Raza Civil ServiceDelhi
2010 Mallika Sarabhai ArtsGujarat
2010 Nookala Chinna Satyanarayana ArtsAndhra Pradesh
2010 Abhijit Sen Public AffairsDelhi
2010 Satya Vrat Shastri Literature & EducationDelhi
2010 Noshir M. Shroff MedicineDelhi
2010 Kushal Pal Singh Trade & IndustryDelhi
2010 Bikash Sinha Science & EngineeringWest Bengal
2010 Balagangadharanatha Swamiji Social WorkKarnataka
2010 Narayanan Vaghul Trade & IndustryTamil Nadu
2010 P. K. Warrier MedicineKerala
2010 Fareed Zakaria Literature & Education[upper-alpha 2]
2011 S. P. Balasubrahmanyam ArtsTamil Nadu
2011 Rajashree Birla Social WorkMaharashtra
2011 M. N. Buch Civil ServiceMadhya Pradesh
2011 C. V. Chandrasekhar ArtsTamil Nadu
2011 Ajai Chowdhry Trade & IndustryDelhi
2011 Yogesh Chander Deveshwar Trade & IndustryWest Bengal
2011 Satyadev Dubey ArtsMaharashtra
2011 T. J. S. George Literature & EducationKarnataka
2011 Shankha Ghosh Literature & EducationWest Bengal
2011 Kris Gopalakrishnan Trade & IndustryKarnataka
2011 Keki Byramjee Grant[lower-roman 1]# MedicineMaharashtra
2011 Shashi Kapoor ArtsMaharashtra
2011 Krishen Khanna ArtsHaryana
2011 Mohammed Zahur Khayyam ArtsMaharashtra
2011 Chanda Kochhar Trade & IndustryMaharashtra
2011 Dwijen Mukhopadhyay ArtsWest Bengal
2011 Madavoor Vasudevan Nair ArtsKerala
2011 Ramdas Pai Literature & EducationKarnataka
2011 Dashrath Patel[lower-roman 2]# ArtsGujarat
2011 Rajendra Singh Pawar Trade & IndustryHaryana
2011 Suryanarayanan Ramachandran Science & EngineeringTamil Nadu
2011 Shobhana Ranade Social WorkMaharashtra
2011 Gunupati Venkata Krishna Reddy Trade & IndustryAndhra Pradesh
2011 Kallam Anji Reddy Trade & IndustryAndhra Pradesh
2011 Waheeda Rehman ArtsMaharashtra
2011 Shyam Saran Civil ServiceDelhi
2011 Analjit Singh Trade & IndustryDelhi
2011 Arpita Singh ArtsDelhi
2011 Surendra Singh Civil ServiceDelhi
2011 R. K. Srikantan ArtsKarnataka
2011 Raghavan Thirumulpad[lower-roman 3]# MedicineKerala
2012 Suresh H. Advani MedicineMaharashtra
2012 Shabana Azmi ArtsMaharashtra
2012 Homi K. Bhabha Literature & Education[upper-alpha 1]
2012 Shashikumar Chitre Science & EngineeringMaharashtra
2012 Khaled Choudhury ArtsWest Bengal
2012 Jatin Das ArtsDelhi
2012 Vidya Dehejia Literature & Education[upper-alpha 2]
2012 Dharmendra ArtsMaharashtra
2012 S. N. Goenka Social WorkMaharashtra
2012 M. S. Gopalakrishnan ArtsTamil Nadu
2012 T. V. Gopalakrishnan ArtsTamil Nadu
2012 Buddhadev Das Gupta ArtsWest Bengal
2012 Sunil Janah Arts[upper-alpha 2]
2012 Anish Kapoor Arts[upper-alpha 1]
2012 S. B. Mujumdar Literature & EducationMaharashtra
2012 Balasubramanian Muthuraman Trade & IndustryMaharashtra
2012 Mira Nair ArtsDelhi
2012 Arvind Panagariya Literature & Education[upper-alpha 2]
2012 José Pereira Literature & Education[upper-alpha 2]
2012 Mata Prasad Civil ServiceUttar Pradesh
2012 M. S. Raghunathan Science & EngineeringMaharashtra
2012 P. Chandrasekhara Rao Public Affairs[upper-alpha 3]
2012 Ronen Sen Civil ServiceWest Bengal
2012 Devi Shetty MedicineKarnataka
2012 M. V. Subbiah Trade & IndustryTamil Nadu
2012 N. Vittal Civil ServiceKerala
2012 N. H. Wadia MedicineMaharashtra
2012 George Yeo Public Affairs[upper-alpha 4]
2013 Satya N. Atluri Science & Engineering[upper-alpha 2]
2013 Maharaj Kishan Bhan Civil ServiceDelhi
2013 Jaspal Bhatti[lower-roman 4]# ArtsPunjab
2013 Rahul Dravid SportsKarnataka
2013 Adi Godrej Trade & IndustryMaharashtra
2013 Abdul Rashid Khan ArtsWest Bengal
2013 Rajesh Khanna[lower-roman 5]# ArtsMaharashtra
2013 Mary Kom SportsManipur
2013 Nandkishore Shamrao Laud MedicineMaharashtra
2013 Mangesh Padgaonkar Literature & EducationMaharashtra
2013 Hemendra Singh Panwar Civil ServiceMadhya Pradesh
2013 Jogesh Pati Science & Engineering[upper-alpha 2]
2013 Shivajirao Girdhar Patil Public AffairsMaharashtra
2013 A. Sivathanu Pillai Science & EngineeringDelhi
2013 D. Ramanaidu ArtsAndhra Pradesh
2013 Kanak Rele ArtsMaharashtra
2013 V. K. Saraswat Science & EngineeringDelhi
2013 Ashoke Sen Science & EngineeringUttar Pradesh
2013 Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Literature & Education[upper-alpha 2]
2013 B. N. Suresh Science & EngineeringKarnataka
2013 Sharmila Tagore ArtsDelhi
2013 Ramamurthy Thyagarajan Trade & IndustryTamil Nadu
2013 Saroja Vaidyanathan ArtsDelhi
2014 Anisuzzaman Literature & Education[upper-alpha 5]
2014 Mrityunjay Athreya Literature & EducationDelhi
2014 Padmanabhan Balaram Science & EngineeringKarnataka
2014 Dalveer Bhandari Public AffairsDelhi
2014 Ruskin Bond Literature & EducationUttarakhand
2014 Anita Desai Literature & EducationDelhi
2014 Pullela Gopichand SportsAndhra Pradesh
2014 Kamal Haasan ArtsTamil Nadu
2014 Jyeshtharaj Joshi Science & EngineeringMaharashtra
2014 Vijayendra Nath Kaul Civil ServiceDelhi
2014 Neelam Kler MedicineDelhi
2014 Madappa Mahadevappa Science & EngineeringKarnataka
2014 Leander Paes SportsMaharashtra
2014 K. Radhakrishnan Science & EngineeringKarnataka
2014 Anumolu Ramakrishna[lower-roman 6]# Science & EngineeringAndhra Pradesh
2014 Thirumalachari Ramasami Science & EngineeringDelhi
2014 Lloyd Rudolph Literature & Education[upper-alpha 2]
2014 Susanne Hoeber Rudolph Literature & Education[upper-alpha 2]
2014 Vinod Prakash Sharma Science & EngineeringDelhi
2014 Ghulam Mohammed Sheikh ArtsGujarat
2014 Begum Parveen Sultana ArtsMaharashtra
2014 Dhirubhai Thaker Literature & EducationGujarat
2014 Vairamuthu Literature & EducationTamil Nadu
2014 J. S. Verma[lower-roman 7]# Public AffairsUttar Pradesh
2014 T. H. Vinayakram ArtsTamil Nadu
2015 Jahnu Barua ArtsAssam
2015 Manjul Bhargava Science & Engineering[upper-alpha 2]
2015 Vijay Bhatkar Science & EngineeringMaharashtra
2015 Swapan Dasgupta Literature & EducationDelhi
2015 David Frawley Others[upper-alpha 2]
2015 Bill Gates Social Work[upper-alpha 2]
2015 Melinda Gates Social Work[upper-alpha 2]
2015 Satyamitranand Giri OthersUttar Pradesh
2015 N. Gopalaswami Civil ServiceTamil Nadu
2015 Subhash C. Kashyap Public AffairsDelhi
2015 Gokulotsavji Maharaj ArtsMadhya Pradesh
2015 Saichiro Misumi OthersJapan
2015 Ambrish Mithal MedicineDelhi
2015 Sudha Ragunathan ArtsTamil Nadu
2015 Harish Salve Public AffairsDelhi
2015 Ashok Seth MedicineDelhi
2015 Rajat Sharma Literature & EducationDelhi
2015 Satpal Singh SportsDelhi
2015 Shivakumara Swami OthersKarnataka
2015 Khadg Singh Valdiya Science & EngineeringKarnataka
2016 Ravindra Chandra Bhargava Public AffairsUttar Pradesh
2016 Robert Blackwill Public Affairs[upper-alpha 2]
2016 Hafeez Contractor OthersMaharashtra
2016 Indu Jain Trade & IndustryDelhi
2016 Heisnam Kanhailal ArtsManipur
2016 Anupam Kher ArtsMaharashtra
2016 Sania Mirza SportsTelangana
2016 Pallonji Mistry Trade & Industry[upper-alpha 6]
2016 Udit Narayan ArtsMaharashtra
2016 Saina Nehwal SportsTelangana
2016 Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad Literature & EducationAndhra Pradesh
2016 Vinod Rai Civil ServiceKerala
2016 N. S. Ramanuja Tatacharya Literature & EducationMaharashtra
2016 A. V. Rama Rao Science & EngineeringAndhra Pradesh
2016 D. Nageshwar Reddy MedicineTelangana
2016 Dayananda Saraswati[lower-roman 8]# OthersUttarakhand
2016 Barjinder Singh Hamdard Literature & EducationPunjab
2016 Ram V. Sutar ArtsUttar Pradesh
2016 Tejomayananda OthersMaharashtra
2017 Vishwa Mohan Bhatt ArtsRajasthan
2017 Deviprasad Dwivedi Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
2017 Ratnasundarsuri OthersGujarat
2017 Niranjanananda Saraswati OthersBihar
2017 Cho Ramaswamy[lower-roman 9]# Literature & EducationTamil Nadu
2017 Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Literature & Education[upper-alpha 7]
2017 Tehemton Erach Udwadia MedicineMaharashtra
2018 Pankaj Advani SportsKarnataka
2018 Philipose Mar Chrysostom OthersKerala
2018 Mahendra Singh Dhoni SportsJharkhand
2018 Alexander Kadakin[lower-roman 10]# Public Affairs[upper-alpha 8]
2018 Ramachandran Nagaswamy OthersTamil Nadu
2018 Ved Prakash Nanda Literature & Education[upper-alpha 2]
2018 Laxman Pai ArtsGoa
2018 Arvind Parikh ArtsMaharashtra
2018 Sharda Sinha ArtsBihar

Controversies and refusals

The 2010 conferment on an Indian-American businessman Sant Singh Chatwal created much controversy. Awarded in the field of Public Affairs, Chatwal is known for his association with former US President Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary Clinton and pled guilty to violating the Federal Election Campaign Act and witness tampering during the United States presidential election.[37] He was also accused of lobbying for the award by leveraging his contacts in the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) and United States Congress.[38] The Government of India, however, issued a press release defending the conferment. The statement mentioned Chatwal as a "tireless advocate" of the country's interest in the United States. It also clarified that out of five Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) registered cases against him between 1992 and 1994, three were closed by CBI itself and in remaining two cases, Chatwal was discharged by the Court and as per the reports that were made available to the selection committee, there was "nothing adverse on record against him".[39][40] According to media reports, there were several cases filed or registered after April 2009 which includes three criminal complaints with Kerala Police and four cases in Delhi High Court and Kerala High Court. Chatwal also served summons in January 2010. However, the then Union Home Secretary Gopal Krishna Pillai said that "no probe has been ordered nor any report sought from anyone".[41]

Earlier in 2008, Chatwal was considered for the Padma Shri but the Indian Embassy in Washington, D.C. declined to nominate Chatwal when asked by the PMO. Ronen Sen, who was then serving as the Indian Ambassador to the United States, had told the PMO that the conferral would not be appropriate because of the controversy associated with Chatwal's financial dealings in two countries. Sen had also mentioned that though positive, Chatwal's contribution are much less compared to other Indian-Americans and the bestowal would not only "demoralise the others who had done much more" but also would create "the impression that India did not regard lack of transparency in financial dealings as a disqualification for its highest honours".[42]

In 2013, playback singer S. Janaki refused to accept her award and stated that "the award has come late in her five-and-half-decade long career". The singer also mentioned that she is not against the Government and expressed happiness for the recognition but requested the Government to "show some more consideration to the artists from the southern parts of the country.[43] In 2014, family members of J. S. Verma who served as 27th Chief Justice of India refused the posthumous conferral stating that "Verma himself would not have accepted" the honour as he "never hankered or lobbied for any acclaim, reward or favour".[44]

Explanatory notes

  1. The order of precedence is: Bharat Ratna, Param Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan.[5]
Non-citizen recipients
  1. 1 2 3 Indicates a citizen of the United Kingdom
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Indicates a citizen of the United States
  3. Indicates a citizen of Germany
  4. Indicates a citizen of Singapore
  5. Indicates a citizen of Bangladesh
  6. Indicates a citizen of Ireland
  7. Indicates a citizen of Thailand
  8. Indicates a citizen of Russia
Posthumous recipients
  1. Keki Byramjee Grant died on 4 January 2011, at the age of 90.[27]
  2. Dashrath Patel died on 2 December 2010, at the age of 83.[28]
  3. Raghavan Thirumulpad died on 21 November 2010, at the age of 90.[29]
  4. Jaspal Bhatti died on 25 October 2012, at the age of 57.[30]
  5. Rajesh Khanna died on 18 July 2012, at the age of 69.[31]
  6. Anumolu Ramakrishna died on 20 August 2013, at the age of 73.[32]
  7. J. S. Verma died on 22 April 2013, at the age of 80.[33]
  8. Dayananda Saraswati died on 23 September 2015, at the age of 85.[34]
  9. Cho Ramaswamy died on 7 December 2016, at the age of 82.[35]
  10. Alexander Kadakin died on 26 January 2017, at the age of 67.[36]

References

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