List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (1960–1969)

Padma Bhushan
Awarded by

Government of India
Country India
Type National Civilian
Ribbon
Obverse A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.
Reverse A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
Statistics
Established 1954
Previous name(s) Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)
First awarded 1954
Total awarded 200
Precedence
Next (higher) Padma Vibhushan
Next (lower) Padma Shri

The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India.[1] Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.[2] The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day (26 January) and registered in The Gazette of Indiaa publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, under the Ministry of Urban Development.[3] The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the Gazette. The name of recipient, whose award have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, is archived and they are required to surrender their medal when their name is struck from the register;[4] none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 1960–1969 have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, as well as from Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of State, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.[3]

When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg" (Class II) under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri.[3] The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute.[4] The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 34 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 18 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 316 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 116 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 14 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle.[3][4] It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.[lower-alpha 1]

A total of 200 awards were presented in the 1960s  ten in 1960, followed by thirteen in 1961, twenty-seven in 1962, twelve in 1963, eighteen in 1964, twenty-five in 1965, fourteen in 1966, twenty-four in 1967, twenty-eight in 1968, and twenty-nine in 1969. The Padma Bhushan in the 1960s was also conferred upon five foreign recipients  two from the United States and one each from Canada, Russia, and the United Kingdom. Individuals from nine different fields were awarded, which includes sixty-nine from literature and education, thirty-two from medicine, twenty-two from civil services, seventeen artists, sixteen from public affairs, fifteen from science and engineering, fourteen from social work, ten from trade and industry, and five sportspersons. Journalist Manikonda Chalapathi Rau and Kannada writer K. Shivaram Karanth returned their 1968 awards, while Sitar player Vilayat Khan refused to accept it, with him stating that "the selection committees were incompetent to judge [his] music".[6][lower-alpha 2]

Recipients


Award recipients by year[24]
Year Number of recipients
1960
10
1961
13
1962
27
1963
12
1964
18
1965
25
1966
14
1967
24
1968
28
1969
29
Award recipients by field[24]
Field Number of recipients
Arts
17
Civil Service
22
Literature & Education
69
Medicine
32
Public Affairs
16
Science & Engineering
15
Social Work
14
Sports
5
Trade & Industry
10
List of Padma Bhushan award recipients, showing the year, field, and state/country[24]
Year Recipient Field State
1960 Haridas Siddhanta Bagish Literature & EducationWest Bengal
1960 Rabindra Nath Chaudhuri MedicineWest Bengal
1960 Nilakantha Das Public AffairsOrissa
1960 Rajeshwar Shastri Dravid Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1960 Kazi Nazrul Islam Literature & EducationWest Bengal[upper-alpha 1]
1960 Hafiz Ali Khan ArtsMadhya Pradesh
1960 Bal Krishna Sharma Naveen Literature & EducationDelhi
1960 Ayyadevara Kaleswara Rao Public AffairsAndhra Pradesh
1960 Acharya Shivpujan Sahay Literature & EducationBihar
1960 Vithal Nagesh Shirodkar MedicineMaharashtra
1961 Tridib Nath Banerjee MedicineWest Bengal
1961 Rustomji Bomanji Billimoria MedicineMaharashtra
1961 Seth Govind Das Literature & EducationMadhya Pradesh
1961 Verrier Elwin Science & Engineering[upper-alpha 2]
1961 Niranjan Das Gulhati Civil ServiceDelhi
1961 L. Venkatakrishna Iyer Civil ServiceTamil Nadu
1961 Rai Krishnadas Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1961 Sumitranandan Pant Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1961 Svetoslav Roerich Arts[upper-alpha 3]
1961 Bhagwan Sahay Civil ServiceUttar Pradesh
1961 Bindeshwari Prasad Verma Public AffairsBihar
1961 K. Venkataraman Trade & IndustryMaharashtra
1961 Ardeshir Ruttonji Wadia Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1962 Ramaswamy Duraiswamy Ayyar MedicineDelhi
1962 Gyanesh Chandra Chatterjee Literature & EducationDelhi
1962 Ramchandra Narayan Dandekar Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1962 Prem Chandra Dhanda MedicinePunjab
1962 Asaf Ali Asghar Fyzee Literature & EducationJammu & Kashmir
1962 Bade Ghulam Ali Khan ArtsMaharashtra
1962 Jafar Ali Khan Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1962 Daulat Singh Kothari Civil ServiceDelhi
1962 Mithan Jamshed Lam Public AffairsMaharashtra
1962 Sudhansu Sobhan Maitra MedicineWest Bengal
1962 Sisir Kumar Mitra Literature & EducationWest Bengal
1962 Tarabai Modak Social WorkMaharashtra
1962 Radhakamal Mukerjee Science & EngineeringUttar Pradesh
1962 Sudhindra Nath Mukerjee Public AffairsWest Bengal
1962 Niaz Fatehpuri Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1962 Jal R. Patel MedicineMaharashtra
1962 Narayan Sitaram Phadke Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1962 V. Raghavan Literature & EducationTamil Nadu
1962 Dukhan Ram MedicineBihar
1962 T. S. Soundram Social WorkTamil Nadu
1962 Mahankali Seetharama Rao MedicineAndhra Pradesh
1962 Raghunath Saran MedicineBihar
1962 Moturi Satyanarayana Public AffairsTamil Nadu
1962 Sitaram Seksaria Social WorkAssam
1962 Santosh Kumar Sen MedicineWest Bengal
1962 Tarlok Singh Civil ServicePunjab
1962 Raja Radhika Raman Sinha Literature & EducationBihar
1963 Narendra Nath Bery MedicinePunjab
1963 Makhanlal Chaturvedi Literature & EducationMadhya Pradesh
1963 Omeo Kumar Das Social WorkAssam
1963 Nitish Chandra Laharry Social WorkWest Bengal
1963 Badri Nath Prasad Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1963 Kanuri Lakshmana Rao Civil ServiceDelhi
1963 Rahul Sankrityayan Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1963 Ramanlal Gokaldas Saraiya Public AffairsMaharashtra
1963 T. R. Seshadri Literature & EducationTamil Nadu
1963 Sardar Harnarain Singh Civil ServicePunjab
1963 M. L. Soni MedicineDelhi
1963 Ramkumar Verma Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1964 Sheikh Abdullah Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1964 Nuruddin Ahmed Public AffairsDelhi
1964 Rafiuddin Ahmed MedicineWest Bengal
1964 Jacob Chandy MedicineKerala
1964 Kunji Lal Dubey Public AffairsMadhya Pradesh
1964 Tushar Kanti Ghosh Literature & EducationWest Bengal
1964 Anil Bandhu Guha Civil ServiceWest Bengal
1964 Mohd. Abdul Hai MedicineBihar
1964 Dara Nusserwanji Khurody Trade & IndustryMadhya Pradesh
1964 Anukul Chandra Mukherjee Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1964 Jnanendra Nath Mukherjee Science & EngineeringWest Bengal
1964 Bhola Nath Mullik Civil ServiceDelhi
1964 R. K. Narayan Literature & EducationKarnataka
1964 Chintaman Govind Pandit MedicineMaharashtra
1964 Tribhuvandas Kishibhai Patel Social WorkGujarat
1964 N. S. Rajhans (Bal Gandharva) ArtsMaharashtra
1964 T. Narayanayajwa Ramachandran Science & EngineeringTamil Nadu
1964 Khushwant Lal Wig MedicinePunjab
1965 Krishnaswami Balasubramania Iyer Public AffairsTamil Nadu
1965 Jogesh Chandra Banerjee MedicineWest Bengal
1965 Joginder Singh Dhillon Civil ServicePunjab
1965 Appasaheb Patwardhan Public AffairsMaharashtra
1965 Bhalchandra Babaji Dikshit MedicineMaharashtra
1965 P. O. Dunn Civil ServiceMaharashtra
1965 Narasinh Narayan Godbole Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1965 Nawang Gombu SportsWest Bengal
1965 Sonam Gyatso SportsSikkim
1965 Kashmir Singh Katoch Civil ServicePunjab
1965 Akbar Ali Khan Public AffairsAndhra Pradesh
1965 Shantanu Lakshman Kirloskar Trade & IndustryMaharashtra
1965 Mohan Singh Kohli SportsDelhi
1965 Pratap Chandra Lal Civil ServicePunjab
1965 Mohammad Mujeeb Literature & EducationDelhi
1965 Jayant Narlikar Science & EngineeringMaharashtra
1965 Ramaswamy Rajaram Civil ServiceTamil Nadu
1965 K. R. Ramanathan Science & EngineeringTamil Nadu
1965 Satyajit Ray ArtsWest Bengal
1965 Triguna Sen Literature & EducationWest Bengal
1965 Santu Jouharmal Shahaney Civil ServiceWest Bengal
1965 Shiv Sharma MedicineUttar Pradesh
1965 Harbaksh Singh Civil ServiceDelhi
1965 Vrindavan Lal Verma Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1965 Manikya Lal Verma Social WorkRajasthan
1966 T. S. Ramaswami Aiyer Public AffairsTamil Nadu
1966 Babubhai Maneklal Chinai Trade & IndustryMaharashtra
1966 Puliyur Krishnaswamy Duraiswami MedicineDelhi
1966 Verghese Kurien Trade & IndustryGujarat
1966 Zubin Mehta Arts[upper-alpha 4]
1966 K. P. Kesava Menon Public AffairsKerala
1966 Bhabani Charan Mukharji Civil ServiceWest Bengal
1966 Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai Social WorkKerala
1966 K. Shankar Pillai ArtsDelhi
1966 Vikram Sarabhai Science & EngineeringGujarat
1966 Vinayak Sitaram Sarwate Literature & EducationMadhya Pradesh
1966 Homi Sethna Civil ServiceMaharashtra
1966 Jodh Singh Literature & EducationPunjab
1966 Haribhau Upadhyaya Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1967 Mulk Raj Anand Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1967 Tara Cherian Social WorkTamil Nadu
1967 Mulk Raj Chopra Civil ServiceUttarakhand
1967 Tulsi Das MedicinePunjab
1967 Krishna Kanta Handique Literature & EducationAssam
1967 Akshay Kumar Jain Literature & EducationDelhi
1967 Pupul Jayakar Social WorkDelhi
1967 Ali Akbar Khan ArtsWest Bengal
1967 D. P. Kohli Civil ServicePunjab
1967 Ramanathan Krishnan SportsTamil Nadu
1967 C. Kottieth Lakshmanan MedicineTamil Nadu
1967 T. M. Ponnambalam Mahadevan Literature & EducationTamil Nadu
1967 Kalyanji Vithalbhai Mehta Literature & EducationGujarat
1967 S. I. Padmavati MedicineDelhi
1967 Vasantrao Bandoji Patil Trade & IndustryMaharashtra
1967 D. C. Pavate Literature & EducationKarnataka
1967 Datto Vaman Potdar Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1967 B. Shiva Rao Literature & EducationDelhi
1967 Khwaja Ghulam Saiyidain Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1967 Ashok Kumar Sarkar Literature & EducationWest Bengal
1967 Mihir Sen SportsWest Bengal
1967 Ravi Shankar ArtsUttar Pradesh
1967 Kaikhushru Ruttonji Shroff Public AffairsMaharashtra
1967 M. L. Vasanthakumari ArtsAndhra Pradesh
1968 Acharya Vishva Bandhu Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1968 Prabhu Lal Bhatnagar Science & EngineeringKarnataka
1968 Sudhir Ranjan Sengupta Literature & EducationWest Bengal
1968 Mary Clubwala Jadhav Social WorkMaharashtra
1968 K. Shivaram Karanth[lower-alpha 3] Literature & EducationKarnataka
1968 Bismillah Khan ArtsUttar Pradesh
1968 Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1968 Sam Manekshaw Civil ServiceMaharashtra
1968 Mansukhlal Atmaram Master Public AffairsMaharashtra
1968 M. G. K. Menon MedicineDelhi
1968 Waman Bapuji Metre Science & EngineeringMaharashtra
1968 Gujarmal Modi Trade & IndustryUttar Pradesh
1968 Murugappa Channaveerappa Modi MedicineKarnataka
1968 Gopalan Narasimhan Literature & EducationTamil Nadu
1968 Benjamin Peary Pal Science & EngineeringPunjab
1968 Brahm Prakash Science & EngineeringPunjab
1968 Manikonda Chalapathi Rau[lower-alpha 4] Literature & EducationAndhra Pradesh
1968 C. R. Rao Science & EngineeringDelhi[upper-alpha 5]
1968 Radhanath Rath Literature & EducationOdisha
1968 Jyotish Chandra Ray MedicineWest Bengal
1968 Mariadas Ruthnaswamy Literature & EducationTamil Nadu
1968 Raghupati Sahay Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1968 Shripad Damodar Satwalekar Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1968 G. Sankara Kurup Literature & EducationKerala
1968 Periyasaamy Thooran Literature & EducationTamil Nadu
1968 Sarda Prasad Varma Civil ServiceBihar
1968 Shamaprasad Rupshanker Vasavada Social WorkGujarat
1968 Mamidipudi Venkatarangayya Literature & EducationAndhra Pradesh
1969 Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay Literature & EducationWest Bengal
1969 Krishna Chandar Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1969 Rahim-ud-in Khan Dagar ArtsDelhi
1969 Mohanlal Lallubhai Dantwala Science & EngineeringMaharashtra
1969 Keshavrao Krishnarao Datey MedicineMaharashtra
1969 Keshav Prasad Goenka Trade & IndustryWest Bengal
1969 Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer ArtsTamil Nadu
1969 Vithalbhai Jhaveri Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1969 Prithviraj Kapoor ArtsPunjab
1969 Kesarbai Kerkar ArtsMaharashtra
1969 Krishna Ramchand Kriplani Literature & EducationDelhi
1969 Adinath Lahiri Science & EngineeringWest Bengal
1969 Gobind Behari Lal Literature & Education[upper-alpha 6]
1969 Kasturbhai Lalbhai Trade & IndustryGujarat
1969 Lata Mangeshkar ArtsMaharashtra
1969 V. K. Narayana Menon Science & EngineeringKerala
1969 Raman Madhavan Nair Literature & EducationChandigarh
1969 Samad Yar Khan Saghar Nizami Literature & EducationUttar Pradesh
1969 Nanasaheb Parulekar Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1969 Yashwant Dinkar Pendharkar Literature & EducationMaharashtra
1969 Vitthal Laxman Phadke Social WorkGujarat
1969 Raja Rao Literature & Education[upper-alpha 6]
1969 Niharranjan Ray Literature & EducationWest Bengal
1969 Prafulla Kumar Sen MedicineMaharashtra
1969 Vallabhadas Vithaldas Shah MedicineMaharashtra
1969 Haroon Khan Sherwani Literature & EducationAndhra Pradesh
1969 Kasturiswami Sreenivasan Trade & IndustryTamil Nadu
1969 Naval Tata Social WorkMaharashtra
1969 S. S. Vasan ArtsTamil Nadu

Explanatory notes

  1. The order of precedence is: Bharat Ratna, Param Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan.[5]
  2. Vilayat Khan had earlier refused Padma Shri (1964) and later also refused Padma Vibhushan (2000).[7]
  3. K. Shivaram Karanth returned the award to protest against the Emergency declared in the country in 1975.[26]
  4. Manikonda Chalapathi Rau returned the award.[6]
Non-citizen recipients
  1. Kazi Nazrul Islam was accorded the citizenship of Bangladesh in January 1976.[25]
  2. Indicates a citizen of the United Kingdom
  3. Indicates a citizen of Russia
  4. Indicates a citizen of Canada
  5. C. R. Rao was accorded the citizenship of the United States in 1995.[20]
  6. 1 2 Indicates a citizen of the United States

References

  1. "PV Sindhu recommended for Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award, by sports ministry". Firstpost. 25 September 2017. Archived from the original on 26 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  2. Lal, Shavax A. (1954). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 2 January 1954): 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018. The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg'
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Padma Awards Scheme" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 Ayyar, N. M. (1955). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 15 January 1955): 8. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018. All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President.
  5. "Wearing of Medals: Precedence Of Medals". Indian Army. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  6. 1 2 Kumar, A. Prasanna (1983). "The Privilege of Knowing M. C.". Triveni: Journal of Indian Renaissance. 52. Triveni Publishers. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  7. Kaminsky, Arnold P.; Long, Roger D. (2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 411. ISBN 978-0-313-37462-3.
  8. George, K. M. (1992). Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology: Plays and prose. 3. Sahitya Akademi. p. 727. ISBN 978-81-7201-783-5.
  9. Talukdar, Rezaul Karim (1994). Nazrul, the gift of the century. Dhaka: Manan. p. 121. ISBN 9848156003. In 1976 Nazrul was awarded the citizenship of Bangladesh.
  10. Amin, S. N. (1 January 1996). The World of Muslim Women in Colonial Bengal, 1876–1939. BRILL. p. 159. ISBN 9004106421.
  11. Chandel, Shakti Singh (24 October 2004). "Svetoslav Roerich: The artist who loved India's soul". The Tribune (Chandigarh). Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  12. Daftary, Farhad (2014). Fifty Years in the East: The Memoirs of Wladimir Ivanow. I.B. Tauris. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-78453-152-2.
  13. "Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellow". New Delhi: Sangeet Natak Akademi. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  14. The Shaping of Indian Science: 1948–1981. Universities Press. 2003. pp. 741–742. ISBN 978-81-7371-433-7.
  15. Bakhle, Janaki (2006). Two Men And Music. Orient Blackswan. pp. 89–90. ISBN 978-81-7824-157-9.
  16. D'Monte, Leslie (24 January 2015). "I don't subscribe to the bandwagon idea of Big Bang: Jayant Vishnu Narlikar". Livemint. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  17. "Profile: Zubin Mehta". Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 March 2016. Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  18. Gopal, Rupa (8 November 2002). "Voice with an enchanting lilt". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 24 January 2005. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  19. "Ali Akbar Khan: Many firsts to his credit". The Hindu. 19 June 2009. Archived from the original on 22 June 2009. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  20. 1 2 "The Numberdars". Times Crest. 1 October 2001. Archived from the original on 23 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  21. Piramal, Gita (1999). Business Legends. Penguin Books India. p. 349. ISBN 978-0-14-027187-4. He was the tenth largest cotton consumer in the country in 1930 and seventh largest in 1939. ... Kasturbhai group assets in 1939 were Rs. 2.33 crore, which made it India's 30th largest business house or 13th largest Indian business family.
  22. "Semmangudi passes away". The Hindu. 1 November 2003. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  23. "Sangeetha Kalanidhi awards". Sangeetha Kalanidhi. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  24. 1 2 3 "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2014)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 21 May 2014. pp. 11–37. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  25. Mitra, Priti Kumar (2007). The Dissent of Nazrul Islam: Poetry and History. Oxford University Press. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-19-568398-1.
  26. Vadukut, Sidin (21 October 2015). "Déjà View: Thanks, but no thanks". Live Mint. Retrieved 18 February 2017.

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