List of Olympic medalists in luge

Luge is one of the seven Olympic sports currently contested at the Winter Olympic Games.[1] It has been a constant presence in the Olympic program since its introduction at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria,[2] in the form of three events: men's singles, women's singles, and doubles.[lower-alpha 1] A mixed team relay event was contested for the first time at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.[4]

History

German luger Georg Hackl is the overall medal leader in the sport, having collected a total of five medals (three golds and two silvers) in the men's singles, during the six Winter Games in which he competed (19882006).[5] Following his victory at the 1992 Winter Olympics, Hackl was the first male luger to successfully defend an Olympic title, in 1994.[5] By repeating this feat in Nagano 1998, he joined two other men (Swedish figure skater Gillis Grafström and German skier Ulrich Wehling) and two women (Norwegian figure skater Sonja Henie and American speed skater Bonnie Blair) who had won the same individual event in three consecutive Olympic Games. Hackl was also the first-ever Olympian to win at least one medal in five consecutive Olympics.[5] This effort was matched by Armin Zöggeler of Italy, who won his fifth straight Olympic medal (bronze) in the men's singles at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. In 2002, Zöggeler outperformed Hackl and prevented him from reaching a unique fourth successive gold medal. Four years later, in Turin, Zöggeler became the second male luger to win back-to-back titles. Ten-time World Cup champion Markus Prock of Austria never fulfilled his success at Olympic level: in 1992 and 1994, Prock beat Georg Hackl to the World Cup title,[6] but ended up losing the Olympic gold medal to the German.

In the women's event, Germany's Silke Kraushaar leads the medal count with three, one of each color. Steffi Martin and Sylke Otto—at 36, the oldest female individual gold medalist at the Winter Games[7]—are the only lugers with two gold medals in their career. Ortrun Enderlein, representing the United Team of Germany, was the first woman to win the singles event in 1964. She was on the verge of defending her title at the 1968 Grenoble Games, having the best overall time after all the runs, but was disqualified together with fellow countrywomen Anna-Maria Müller (2nd) and Angela Knösel (4th) when it was discovered that the runners in their sleds had been illegally heated before the runs.[8] Müller made up for this by taking the gold medal at the following Games, in Sapporo, Japan.

The most successful pair in the history of the Olympic doubles event was Stefan Krausse and Jan Behrendt, who represented East Germany in 1988 and the reunified German Olympic team from 1992 to 1998, winning four medals: two golds, one silver, and one bronze. East Germany's Hans Rinn and Norbert Hahn, and Austrian brothers Andreas and Wolfgang Linger, are the other pairs to have won two times, both of them in consecutive Olympics. In 1972, two gold medals were awarded to an East German (Horst Hörnlein and Reinhard Bredow) and an Italian pair (Paul Hildgartner and Walter Plaikner), who finished with exactly the same time. To prevent similar situations in future Olympics, the Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course introduced timing equipment that measured accurately to one thousandth of a second, to replace the old equipment that measured in hundredths of a second.[9]

As of the 2010 Winter Olympics, 117 medals (40 gold, 38 silver, and 39 bronze) have been awarded to 105 lugers (53 in the singles and 52 in the doubles) representing nine National Olympic Committees (NOC).[10] German lugers—representing the United Team of Germany (1964), West Germany (1968–1988), East Germany (1968–1988), and Germany (1992–2010)—have dominated this sport, collecting a total of 70 medals (27 gold, 22 silver, and 21 bronze).[10] There were seven occasions when a single NOC filled the podium with its athletes and in all of them they were German. After the Vancouver Games, Germany is the current medal-leading NOC in the sport with 31 medals (13 gold, 10 silver, and 8 bronze), surpassing East Germany's 29 medals.[10]

As the Italian luge team is completely recruited from South Tyrol, nearly all medal winners, except those from Soviet Union, Russia, United States and Latvia, are ethnically Germanic.

Medalists

Men's singles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1964 Innsbruck
Thomas Köhler
 United Team of Germany
Klaus Bonsack
 United Team of Germany
Hans Plenk
 United Team of Germany
1968 Grenoble
Manfred Schmid
 Austria
Thomas Köhler
 East Germany
Klaus Bonsack
 East Germany
1972 Sapporo
Wolfgang Scheidel
 East Germany
Harald Ehrig
 East Germany
Wolfram Fiedler
 East Germany
1976 Innsbruck
Dettlef Günther
 East Germany
Josef Fendt
 West Germany
Hans Rinn
 East Germany
1980 Lake Placid
Bernhard Glass
 East Germany
Paul Hildgartner
 Italy
Anton Winkler
 West Germany
1984 Sarajevo
Paul Hildgartner
 Italy
Sergey Danilin
 Soviet Union
Valery Dudin
 Soviet Union
1988 Calgary
Jens Müller
 East Germany
Georg Hackl
 West Germany
Yuri Kharchenko
 Soviet Union
1992 Albertville
Georg Hackl
 Germany
Markus Prock
 Austria
Markus Schmidt
 Austria
1994 Lillehammer
Georg Hackl
 Germany
Markus Prock
 Austria
Armin Zöggeler
 Italy
1998 Nagano
Georg Hackl
 Germany
Armin Zöggeler
 Italy
Jens Müller
 Germany
2002 Salt Lake City
Armin Zöggeler
 Italy
Georg Hackl
 Germany
Markus Prock
 Austria
2006 Turin
Armin Zöggeler
 Italy
Albert Demchenko
 Russia
Mārtiņš Rubenis
 Latvia
2010 Vancouver
Felix Loch
 Germany
David Möller
 Germany
Armin Zöggeler
 Italy
2014 Sochi
Felix Loch
 Germany
Albert Demchenko
 Russia
Armin Zöggeler
 Italy
2018 Pyeongchang
David Gleirscher
 Austria
Chris Mazdzer
 United States
Johannes Ludwig
 Germany
  • Medals:
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze
1 Germany West Germany542
2 East Germany423
3 Italy322
4 Austria222
5 Germany United Team of Germany111
6 Russia2
7 Soviet Union12
8 United States1
9 Latvia1

Women's singles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1964 Innsbruck
Ortrun Enderlein
 United Team of Germany
Ilse Geisler
 United Team of Germany
Helene Thurner
 Austria
1968 Grenoble
Erica Lechner
 Italy
Christina Schmuck
 West Germany
Angelika Dünhaupt
 West Germany
1972 Sapporo
Anna-Maria Müller
 East Germany
Ute Rührold
 East Germany
Margit Schumann
 East Germany
1976 Innsbruck
Margit Schumann
 East Germany
Ute Rührold
 East Germany
Elisabeth Demleitner
 West Germany
1980 Lake Placid
Vera Zozulya
 Soviet Union
Melitta Sollmann
 East Germany
Ingrīda Amantova
 Soviet Union
1984 Sarajevo
Steffi Martin
 East Germany
Bettina Schmidt
 East Germany
Ute Weiss
 East Germany
1988 Calgary
Steffi Walter
 East Germany
Ute Oberhoffner
 East Germany
Cerstin Schmidt
 East Germany
1992 Albertville
Doris Neuner
 Austria
Angelika Neuner
 Austria
Susi Erdmann
 Germany
1994 Lillehammer
Gerda Weissensteiner
 Italy
Susi Erdmann
 Germany
Andrea Tagwerker
 Austria
1998 Nagano
Silke Kraushaar
 Germany
Barbara Niedernhuber
 Germany
Angelika Neuner
 Austria
2002 Salt Lake City
Sylke Otto
 Germany
Barbara Niedernhuber
 Germany
Silke Kraushaar
 Germany
2006 Turin
Sylke Otto
 Germany
Silke Kraushaar
 Germany
Tatjana Hüfner
 Germany
2010 Vancouver
Tatjana Hüfner
 Germany
Nina Reithmayer
 Austria
Natalie Geisenberger
 Germany
2014 Sochi
Natalie Geisenberger
 Germany
Tatjana Hüfner
 Germany
Erin Hamlin
 United States
2018 Pyeongchang
Natalie Geisenberger
 Germany
Dajana Eitberger
 Germany
Alex Gough
 Canada
  • Medals:
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze
1 Germany564
2 East Germany453
3 Italy2
4 Austria123
5 Germany United Team of Germany11
6 Soviet Union11
7 West Germany12
9 Canada. United States1

Men's doubles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1964 Innsbruck
 Josef Feistmantl
and Manfred Stengl (AUT)
 Reinhold Senn
and Helmut Thaler (AUT)
 Walter Aussendorfer
and Sigisfredo Mair (ITA)
1968 Grenoble
 Klaus Bonsack
and Thomas Köhler (GDR)
 Manfred Schmid
and Ewald Walch (AUT)
 Wolfgang Winkler
and Fritz Nachmann (FRG)
1972 Sapporo
 Horst Hörnlein
and Reinhard Bredow (GDR)
 Paul Hildgartner
and Walter Plaikner (ITA)
None awarded  Klaus Bonsack
and Wolfram Fiedler (GDR)
1976 Innsbruck
 Hans Rinn
and Norbert Hahn (GDR)
 Hans Brandner
and Balthasar Schwarm (FRG)
 Rudolf Schmid
and Franz Schachner (AUT)
1980 Lake Placid
 Hans Rinn
and Norbert Hahn (GDR)
 Peter Gschnitzer
and Karl Brunner (ITA)
 Georg Fluckinger
and Karl Schrott (AUT)
1984 Sarajevo
 Hans Stangassinger
and Franz Wembacher (FRG)
 Yevgeny Belousov
and Aleksandr Belyakov (URS)
 Jörg Hoffmann
and Jochen Pietzsch (GDR)
1988 Calgary
 Jörg Hoffmann
and Jochen Pietzsch (GDR)
 Stefan Krausse
and Jan Behrendt (GDR)
 Thomas Schwab
and Wolfgang Staudinger (FRG)
1992 Albertville
 Stefan Krausse
and Jan Behrendt (GER)
 Yves Mankel
and Thomas Rudolph (GER)
 Hansjörg Raffl
and Norbert Huber (ITA)
1994 Lillehammer
 Kurt Brugger
and Wilfried Huber (ITA)
 Hansjörg Raffl
and Norbert Huber (ITA)
 Stefan Krausse
and Jan Behrendt (GER)
1998 Nagano
 Stefan Krausse
and Jan Behrendt (GER)
 Chris Thorpe
and Gordon Sheer (USA)
 Mark Grimmette
and Brian Martin (USA)
2002 Salt Lake City
 Patric Leitner
and Alexander Resch (GER)
 Mark Grimmette
and Brian Martin (USA)
 Chris Thorpe
and Clay Ives (USA)
2006 Turin
 Andreas Linger
and Wolfgang Linger (AUT)
 André Florschütz
and Torsten Wustlich (GER)
 Gerhard Plankensteiner
and Oswald Haselrieder (ITA)
2010 Vancouver
 Andreas Linger
and Wolfgang Linger (AUT)
 Andris Šics
and Juris Šics (LAT)
 Patric Leitner
and Alexander Resch (GER)
2014 Sochi
 Tobias Wendl
and Tobias Arlt (GER)
 Andreas Linger
and Wolfgang Linger (AUT)
 Andris Šics
and Juris Šics (LAT)
2018 Pyeongchang
 Tobias Wendl
and Tobias Arlt (GER)
 Peter Penz
and Georg Fischler (AUT)
 Toni Eggert
and Sascha Benecken (GER)

Team relay

Games Gold Silver Bronze
2014 Sochi
 Germany (GER)
Natalie Geisenberger
Felix Loch
Tobias Wendl
Tobias Arlt
 Russia (RUS)
Tatiana Ivanova
Albert Demchenko
Alexander Denisyev
Vladislav Antonov
 Latvia (LAT)
Elīza Tīruma
Mārtiņš Rubenis
Andris Šics
Juris Šics
2018 Pyeongchang
 Germany (GER)
Natalie Geisenberger
Johannes Ludwig
Tobias Wendl
Tobias Arlt
 Canada (CAN)
Alex Gough
Samuel Edney
Tristan Walker
Justin Snith
 Austria (AUT)
Madeleine Egle
David Gleirscher
Peter Penz
Georg Fischler

Statistics

Medal leaders

Athletes that have won at least two medals are listed below. Medalists are sorted first by the total number of medals, then successively by the number of gold, silver and bronze medals. If a tie is still verified, medalists are ordered chronologically by their first medal.

Men

Athlete NOC Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
Armin Zöggeler  Italy (ITA) 1994–2014 2136
Georg Hackl  West Germany (FRG)
 Germany (GER)
1988–2002 3205
Tobias Arlt  Germany (GER) 2014-2018 4004
Tobias Wendl  Germany (GER) 2014-2018 4004
Stefan Krausse  East Germany (GDR)
 Germany (GER)
1988–1998 2114
Jan Behrendt  East Germany (GDR)
 Germany (GER)
1988–1998 2114
Klaus Bonsack  United Team of Germany (EUA) 1964–1972 1124
Felix Loch  Germany (GER) 2010–2014 3003
Thomas Köhler  United Team of Germany (EUA) 1964–1968 2103
Paul Hildgartner  Italy (ITA) 1972–1984 2103
Andreas Linger  Austria (AUT) 2006–2014 2103
Wolfgang Linger  Austria (AUT) 2006–2014 2103
Albert Demchenko  Russia (RUS) 2006–2014 0303
Markus Prock  Austria (AUT) 1992–2002 0213
Andris Šics  Latvia (LAT) 2010–2014 0123
Juris Šics  Latvia (LAT) 2010–2014 0123
Hans Rinn  East Germany (GDR) 1976–1980 2002
Norbert Hahn  East Germany (GDR) 1976–1980 2002
Jörg Hoffmann  East Germany (GDR) 1984–1988 1012
Jochen Pietzsch  East Germany (GDR) 1984–1988 1012
Jens Müller  East Germany (GDR)
 Germany (GER)
1988–1998 1012
Patric Leitner  Germany (GER) 2002–2010 1012
Alexander Resch  Germany (GER) 2002–2010 1012
David Gleirscher  Austria (AUT) 2018 1012
Johannes Ludwig  Germany (GER) 2018 1012
Hansjörg Raffl  Italy (ITA) 1992–1994 0112
Norbert Huber  Italy (ITA) 1992–1994 0112
Chris Thorpe  United States (USA) 1998–2002 0112
Mark Grimmette  United States (USA) 1998–2002 0112
Brian Martin  United States (USA) 1998–2002 0112
Peter Penz  Austria (AUT) 2018 0112
Georg Fischler  Austria (AUT) 2018 0112
Mārtiņš Rubenis  Latvia (LAT) 2006-2014 0022

Women

Athlete NOC Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
Natalie Geisenberger  Germany (GER) 2010–2018 4015
Silke Kraushaar  Germany (GER) 1998–2006 1113
Tatjana Hüfner  Germany (GER) 2006–2014 1113
Steffi Martin  East Germany (GDR) 1984–1988 2002
Sylke Otto  Germany (GER) 2002–2006 2002
Margit Schumann  East Germany (GDR) 1972–1976 1012
Ute Rührold  East Germany (GDR) 1972–1976 0202
Barbara Niedernhuber  Germany (GER) 1998–2002 0202
Susi Erdmann  Germany (GER) 1992–1994 0112
Angelika Neuner  Austria (AUT) 1992–1998 0112
Alex Gough  Canada (CAN) 2018 0112

Medals per year

× NOC did not exist # Number of medals won by the NOC NOC did not win any medals
NOC 1924–60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 Total
 Austria (AUT) 32114211121322
 Canada (CAN) 22
 United Team of Germany (EUA) 5××××××××××××××5
 East Germany (GDR) ×385346××××××××29
 West Germany (FRG) ×33112××××××××10
 Germany (GER) ×××××××4355455637
 Italy (ITA) 11121141121117
 Latvia (LAT) ×××××××1124
 Russia (RUS) ××××××××12×3
 Soviet Union (URS) 231××××××××6
 United States (USA) 22115

Medal sweep events

These are events in which athletes from one NOC won all three medals.

Games Event NOC Gold Silver Bronze
1964 Innsbruck Men's Singles  United Team of Germany (EUA) Thomas Köhler Klaus-Michael Bonsack Hans Plenk
1972 Sapporo Men's Singles *  East Germany (GDR) Wolfgang Scheidel Harald Ehrig Wolfram Fiedler
Women's Singles Anna-Maria Müller Ute Rührold Margit Schumann
1984 Sarajevo Women's Singles Steffi Walter-Martin Bettina Schmidt Ute Oberhoffner-Weiß
1988 Calgary Women's Singles Steffi Walter-Martin Ute Oberhoffner-Weiß Cerstin Schmidt
2002 Salt Lake City Women's Singles  Germany (GER) Sylke Otto Barbara Niedernhuber Silke Kraushaar
2006 Turin Women's Singles Sylke Otto Silke Kraushaar Tatjana Hüfner
  • * In addition to sweeping the podium, the country also had the fourth-place finisher.

See also

Notes

  1. Technically, the doubles event is considered a mixed event, open for male, female and mixed duos, but since its debut it has been traditionally entered only by male pairs.[3]

References

Medalists
Citations
  1. "Luge Equipment and History". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  2. Kubatko, Justin. "Luge at the 1964 Innsbruck Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  3. "International Luge Federation". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 8 April 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  4. "Luge: About discipline". sochi2014.com. Organizing Committee of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  5. 1 2 3 Kubatko, Justin. "Georg Hackl Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  6. "Rodel Weltcup: 1977/78 bis 2008/09 Herren" (PDF). Official Website of the Fédération Internationale de Luge de course (in German). FIL. Retrieved 11 April 2010.
  7. "Records and medals at the Olympic Winter Games" (PDF). Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. October 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  8. Kubatko, Justin. "Luge at the 1968 Grenoble Winter Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  9. "Preview: Doubles luge". Canadian Luge Association. 16 February 2010. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
  10. 1 2 3 Kubatko, Justin. "Luge". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2 April 2010.

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