List of North American countries by population

This is a list of North American countries and dependent territories by population, which is sorted by the 2015 mid-year demographic. The largest country by land area is Canada, and by population is United States. The largest city by population is Mexico City. The languages most spoken are English, Spanish and French.

Table

RankCountry
(or dependent territory)
July 1, 2015
projection[1]
% of
pop.
Average
relative
annual
growth
(%)[2]
Average
absolute
annual
growth
[3]
Estimated
doubling
time
(Years)[4]
Official
figure
(where
available)
Date of
last figure
Source
1 United States321,234,00056.580.752,377,00093328,460,000August 31, 2018Official population clock
2 Mexico121,006,00021.311.081,293,00065122,273,473July 1, 2016Official estimate
3 Canada36,885,0006.310.79279,0008935,851,775Oct., 2017Official estimate
4 Guatemala16,176,0002.852.93461,0002416,176,133July 1, 2015Official estimate
5 Cuba11,252,0001.980.2528,00027811,238,317December 31, 2014Official estimate
6 Haiti10,994,0001.942.31248,0003010,911,8192015Official estimate
7 Dominican Republic9,980,0001.760.9897,000719,980,2432015Official estimate
8 Honduras8,950,0001.582.29200,000318,576,500July 1, 2015Official estimate
9 Nicaragua6,514,0001.152.37151,000306,071,045June 30, 2012Official estimate
10 El Salvador6,460,0001.140.9259,000766,520,6752016Official estimate
11 Costa Rica4,851,0000.851.6378,000434,832,234June 30, 2015Official estimate
12 Panama3,764,0000.661.3751,000513,764,166July 1, 2015Official estimate
13 Puerto Rico (US)[5]3,508,0000.62-1.13-40,000-3,548,397July 1, 2014Official estimate
14 Jamaica2,729,0000.480.267,0002702,723,246December 31, 2014Official estimate
15 Trinidad and Tobago1,357,0000.240.527,0001341,349,6672015Official estimate
16 Guadeloupe (France)405,0000.070.251,000280403,314January 1, 2012Official estimate
17 Martinique (France)383,0000.07-0.52-2,000-388,364January 1, 2012Official estimate
18 Bahamas379,0000.071.345,00052369,6702015Official estimate
19 Belize369,0000.062.509,00028368,310June 2015Official estimate
20 Barbados283,0000.050.351,000196277,821May 1, 20102010 census result
21 Saint Lucia172,0000.030.581,000119166,526May 10, 2010Preliminary 2010 census result
22 Curaçao (Kingdom of the Netherlands)157,0000.030.641,000108154,843January 1, 2014Official estimate
23 Aruba (Kingdom of the Netherlands)110,0000.021.852,00038109,5172015Official estimate
24 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines110,0000.020.000-109,4342014Official estimate
25 United States Virgin Islands (US)105,0000.020.000-106,405April 1, 20102010 census result
26 Grenada104,0000.020.000-103,328May 12, 2011Preliminary 2011 census result
27 Antigua and Barbuda89,0000.021.141,0006185,567May 27, 2011Final 2011 census result
28 Dominica71,0000.010.000-71,293May 14, 2011Preliminary 2011 census result
29 Bermuda (UK)65,0000.010.000-64,237May 20, 2010Final 2010 census result
30 Cayman Islands (UK)59,0000.013.512,0002058,238December 31, 2014Official estimate
31 Greenland (Denmark)56,0000.010.000-56,114July 1, 2015Official estimate
32 Saint Kitts and Nevis46,0000.010.000-46,204May 15, 20112011 census result
33 Sint Maarten (Kingdom of the Netherlands)39,0000.012.631,0002737,224February 1, 2014Official estimate
34 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)37,0000.015.712,0001231,618January 25, 2012Preliminary 2012 census result
35 Saint Martin (France)36,0000.010.000-35,742January 1, 2012Official estimate
36 British Virgin Islands (UK)31,0000.013.331,0002128,054July 12, 20102010 census result
37 Caribbean Netherlands (Kingdom of the Netherlands)26,0000.004.001,0001824,593January 1, 2015Official estimate
38 Anguilla (UK)14,0000.000.000-13,037May 11, 2011Final 2011 census result
39 Saint Barthélemy (France)10,0000.000.000-9,131January 1, 2012Official estimate
40 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)6,0000.000.000-6,069January 1, 2012Official estimate
41 Montserrat (UK)5,0000.000.000-4,922May 12, 20112011 census result
Total567,761,000100.000.955,322,00074

North American population by country (top 8).

  United States (56.58%)
  Mexico (21.31%)
  Canada (6.31%)
  Guatemala (2.85%)
  Cuba (1.98%)
  Haiti (1.94%)
  Dominican Republic (1.76%)
  Honduras (1.58%)
  Other (5.69%)

Notes

  1. Calculated, when available, from the latest national censuses or most recent official estimates (many of which are cited in their respective column), using the exponential formula shown on the List of countries by past and future population article. This is done to normalize the different populations to a unique date, so that they are really comparable.
  2. It corresponds to the following formula: projection2015/projection2014x100-100.
  3. It corresponds to the calculation: projection2015*annual_growth/100.
  4. It corresponds to the formula: LN(2)/LN(growth/100+1), which produces exactly the same result as LOG10(2)/LOG10(growth/100+1).
  5. Commonwealth of the United States since July 26, 1952.

See also

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