List of Negro league baseball players (S–Z)

This list consists of players who have appeared in Negro league baseball.


  Player inducted as a member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

S

NameDebutLast GamePositionTeamsRef
Thomas Sampson19401949Second baseman / ManagerBirmingham Black Barons, Chicago American Giants, New York Cubans[1]
James Sanders19561958OutfielderKansas City Monarchs[2]
Carlos Manuel Santiago19451946Second basemanAtlanta Black Crackers, New York Cubans
José Santiago19471948PitcherNew York Cubans
Louis Santop19091926Catcher / ManagerPhiladelphia Giants, New York Lincoln Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Chicago American Giants, New York Lincoln Stars, Hilldale Daisies[3]
George Scales19211948Second baseman / ManagerMontgomery Grey Sox, Pittsburgh Keystones, St. Louis Giants, St. Louis Stars, New York Lincoln Giants, Homestead Grays, Newark Stars, Baltimore Elite Giants, New York Black Yankees, Philadelphia Stars, Birmingham Black Barons[4]
Joe Scotland19091919OutfielderBirmingham Giants, Indianapolis ABCs, Louisville White Sox, Chicago Union Giants, Indianapolis Jewell's ABCs[5]
Ed Scott19401952OutfielderIndianapolis Clowns[6]
Eugene Scott19171920CatcherTexas All Stars, Lincoln Giants, Detroit Stars[7]
Joe B. Scott19361956OutfielderNew York Black Yankees, Pittsburgh Crawfords, Chicago American Giants, Memphis Red Sox, Zulu Cannibal Giants[8]
Robert "Bob" Scott19191923OutfielderSt. Louis Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants[9]
Robert Scott19461950PitcherNew York Black Yankees, Memphis Red Sox[10]
Eugene Scruggs19571958PitcherDetroit Stars, Kansas City Monarchs[11]
John Shackleford19241930OutfielderCleveland Browns, Harrisburg Giants, Chicago American Giants, Birmingham Black Barons[12]
James Shawler19081913OutfielderIndianapolis ABCs, Chicago Union Giants, Minneapolis Keystones[13]
George Shively19101924OutfielderWest Baden Sprudels, Indianapolis ABCs, Atlantic City Bacharach Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Washington Potomacs[14]
Pedro Sierra19541958PitcherIndianapolis Clowns, Detroit Stars[15]
Arthur Simmons19571958PitcherKansas City Monarchs[16]
Hubert Simmons19501951PitcherBaltimore Elite Giants[17]
Silas Simmons19131929Pitcher / OutfielderHomestead Grays, New York Lincoln Giants, Cuban Stars (East)
Willie Simms19361943OutfielderMonroe Monarchs, Cincinnati Tigers, Kansas City Monarchs, Chicago American Giants[18]
Herb Simpson19511951First basemanChicago American Giants, Seattle Steelheads, Birmingham Black Barons[19]
Lawrence Simpson19131917PitcherWest Baden Sprudels, Indianapolis ABCs, Chicago Union Giants[20]
Orville Singer19211932InfielderNew York Lincoln Giants, Cleveland Browns, Cleveland Tigers, Cleveland Cubs, Cleveland Stars[12]
Al Smith19461948Third basemanCleveland Buckeyes[21]
Chino Smith19251931Outfielder / Second basemanPhiladelphia Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants, New York Lincoln Giants[22]
Clarence Smith19211933Right fielder / ManagerColumbus Buckeyes, Detroit Stars, Atlantic City Bacharach Giants, Birmingham Black Barons, Baltimore Black Sox, Chicago American Giants, Cleveland Cubs[23]
Gene Smith19391950PitcherSt. Louis Stars, Kansas City Monarchs, New York Black Yankees, Pittsburgh Crawfords, Homestead Grays, Cleveland Buckeyes, Chicago American Giants, among several others[24]
George Smith19501951OutfielderChicago American Giants[25]
Hilton Smith19321948PitcherMonroe Monarchs, New Orleans Black Creoles, New Orleans Crescent Stars, Kansas City Monarchs[26]
James "Jimmy" Smith19021909InfielderChicago Columbia Giants, Cuban X-Giants, Leland Giants, St. Paul Colored Gophers[27]
Quincy Smith19431946OutfielderCleveland Buckeyes[28]
William "Big Bill" Smith19031914Third basemanCuban X-Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Philadelphia Quaker Giants, Cuban Giants, Illinois Giants, Philadelphia Giants, New York Black Sox, Schenectady Mohawk Giants, Brooklyn All Stars[29]
Felton Snow19291950Third basemanNashville Elite Giants, Columbus Elite Giants, Washington Elite Giants, Baltimore Elite Giants
Charles Spearman19191929CatcherFort Worth Black Panthers, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Cleveland Elites, Lincoln Giants[30]
Turkey Stearnes19231942OutfielderNashville Elite Giants, Montgomery Grey Sox, Memphis Red Sox, Detroit Stars, New York Lincoln Giants, Kansas City Monarchs, Cole's American Giants, Philadelphia Stars, Chicago American Giants[31]
Jake Stephens19211937ShortstopHilldale Daisies, Philadelphia Giants, Homestead Grays, Pittsburgh Crawfords, Philadelphia Stars, New York Black Yankees[32]
Tom Stirman19091914OutfielderKansas City Giants, Kansas City Royal Giants[33]
Toni Stone19531954Second basemanIndianapolis Clowns, Kansas City Monarchs[34]
George Stovey18861896PitcherCuban Giants, Cuban X-Giants[35]
Joseph Strong19221937PitcherCleveland Tate Stars, Milwaukee Bears, Chicago American Giants, Baltimore Black Sox, Hilldale Club, Homestead Grays, St. Louis Stars, Pittsburgh Crawfords[36]
Tim Strothers19081916Catcher, First basemanLeland Giants, Chicago Giants[37]
Alfred Surratt19471952OutfielderDetroit Stars, Kansas City Monarchs[38]
Mule Suttles19181944First baseman / ManagerBirmingham Black Barons, St. Louis Stars, Baltimore Black Sox, Detroit Wolves, Washington Pilots, Cole's American Giants, Newark Eagles, Indianapolis ABCs, New York Black Yankees[39]
George Sweatt19221927Second basemanKansas City Monarchs, Chicago American Giants[40]

T

NameDebutLast GamePositionTeamsRef
Earl Taborn19461950CatcherKansas City Monarchs[41]
Dangerfield Talbert19001911Third basemanChicago Union Giants, Chicago Giants, Algona Brownies, Cuban X-Giants, Leland Giants[37]
Goose Tatum19411949First baseman / OutfielderBirmingham Black Barons, Indianapolis Clowns[42]
Ben Taylor19101940First baseman / ManagerSt. Louis Giants, New York Lincoln Giants, Chicago American Giants, Indianapolis ABCs, Hilldale Daisies, Washington Potomacs, Harrisburg Giants, Baltimore Black Sox, Atlantic City Bacharach Giants, Brooklyn Eagles, Washington Black Senators, New York Cubans[43]
C. I. Taylor19041922Second baseman / ManagerBirmingham Giants, West Baden Sprudels, Indianapolis ABCs[44]
Candy Jim Taylor19041948Infielder / ManagerBirmingham Giants, St. Paul Gophers, Chicago American Giants, Indianapolis ABCs, Dayton Marcos, St. Louis Stars, Detroit Stars, Nashville Elite Giants, Chicago American Giants, Homestead Grays, among several others[45]
George Taylor18981906First basemanPage Fence Giants, Chicago Union Giants, Leland Giants[37]
Jim Taylor18961896OutfielderCuban Giants[46]
Steel Arm Johnny Taylor19031925Pitcher / ManagerBirmingham Giants, West Baden Sprudels, Indianapolis ABCs, among several others[47]
Ron Teasley19481948InfielderNew York Cubans[48]
Arthur Thomas18661891CatcherCuban Giants[49]
Clint Thomas19201938Outfielder / Second basemanBrooklyn Royal Giants, Columbus Buckeyes, Detroit Stars, Hilldale Club, Bacharach Giants, New York Lincoln Giants, New York Harlem Stars, Indianapolis ABCs, New York Black Yankees, Newark Eagles, Philadelphia Stars
Jules Thomas19081923Outfielder / PitcherBrooklyn Royal Giants, St. Louis Giants, New York Lincoln Giants, New York Lincoln Stars[50]
Hank Thompson19431948Infielder / OutfielderKansas City Monarchs[51]
Bob Thurman19461949Pitcher / OutfielderHomestead Grays, Kansas City Monarchs
Ted Toles Jr.19461947Pitcher / OutfielderPittsburgh Crawfords, Newark Eagles, Cleveland Buckeyes,[52]
Albert Toney19011916ShortstopChicago Union Giants, Algona Brownies, Leland Giants, Kansas City Royal Giants, Chicago Giants, French Lick Plutos, Chicago American Giants[37]
Cristóbal Torriente19131928OutfielderCuban Stars, All Nations, Chicago American Giants, Kansas City Monarchs, Detroit Stars[53]
Quincy Trouppe19301949Catcher / ManagerSt. Louis Stars, Kansas City Monarchs, Chicago American Giants, Indianapolis ABCs, Mexican League, Cleveland Buckeyes[54]
Donald Troy19451945PitcherBaltimore Elite Giants[55]
Tom Turner19471947PitcherChicago American Giants[56]

V

NameDebutLast GamePositionTeamsRef
William Van Buren19531953PitcherKansas City Monarchs[57]
Tetelo Vargas19271944Center fielderCuban Stars, New York Cubans[58]
Armando Vazquez19441952First basemanIndianapolis Clowns, New York Cubans[59]

W

NameDebutLast GamePositionTeamsRef
Bert Wakefield18991900First basemanChicago Unions[37]
Dick Wallace19061924Shortstop, ManagerPaducah Nationals, Cuban Giants, Club Fé, Leland Giants, Lincoln Giants, St. Louis Giants, Bacharach Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Hilldale Daisies[37]
Welday Walker19__19__Outfielder
Frank Warfield19151932Second baseman / ManagerSt. Louis Giants, Indianapolis ABCs, Dayton Marcos, Detroit Stars, Kansas City Monarchs, Hilldale Daisies, Baltimore Black Sox, Washington Pilots[60]
Edgar "Blue" Washington19201920First basemanKansas City Monarchs[61]
Johnny Washington19__19__Chicago American Giants, Houston Eagles
William Washington19061911CatcherChicago Union Giants, Chicago Giants[13]
John "Pop" Watkins18741924Catcher / ManagerCuban Giants, Havana Red Sox[62]
Jack Watts19131921CatcherIndianapolis ABCs, Chicago American Giants, Chicago Black Sox, Dayton Marcos, Pittsburgh Keystones (baseball)[63]
Pearl Webster19141918Catcher / First basemanBrooklyn Royal Giants, Lincoln Stars, St. Louis Giants, Hilldale Club, Grand Central Red Caps, Bacharach Giants[64]
Willie Wells19241949Shortstop / ManagerSt. Louis Stars, Detroit Wolves, Homestead Grays, Kansas City Monarchs, Cole's American Giants, Newark Eagles, Mexican League, Chicago American Giants, New York Black Yankees, Baltimore Elite Giants, Indianapolis Clowns, Memphis Red Sox[65]
Edgar Wesley19171931First basemanTexas All Stars, Chicago American Giants, Detroit Stars, Harrisburg Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Cleveland Hornets, Atlantic City Bacharach Giants[66]
Ernest Westfield19591965PitcherBirmingham Black Barons[67]
Burlin White19151933Catcher / ManagerWest Baden Sprudels, Chicago American Giants, Bacharach Giants, Lincoln Giants, Philadelphia Giants[68]
Chaney White19191936OutfielderHilldale Daisies, Chicago American Giants, Atlantic City Bacharach Giants, Washington Potomacs, Quaker Giants, Homestead Grays, Philadelphia Stars, Baltimore Black Sox, New York Cubans[69]
Eugene White19471957ShortstopChicago American Giants, Kansas City Monarchs[70]
Sol White18871912Shortstop / ManagerPittsburgh Keystones, Cuban Giants, Page Fence Giants, Cuban X-Giants, Philadelphia Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants, New York Lincoln Giants, among several others[71]
Carl Whitney19421942OutfielderNew York Black Yankees
Davey Whitney19521954ShortstopKansas City Monarchs[72]
Dick Whitworth19141922PitcherChicago Union Giants, Chicago American Giants, Hilldale Club
Frank Wickware19101925PitcherLeland Giants, Chicago American Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Mohawk Giants, New York Lincoln Giants, among several others[73]
Wabishaw Wiley19101924CatcherWest Baden Sprudels, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Mohawk Giants, New York Lincoln Giants, Philadelphia Giants, Atlantic City Bacharach Giants[74]
Jimmy Wilkes19451950Center fielderNewark Eagles, Houston Eagles, Indianapolis Clowns[75]
Andrew "String Bean" Williams19101928PitcherWest Baden Sprudels, Indianapolis ABCs, Louisville White Sox, St. Louis Giants, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Pennsylvania Red Caps of New York, Dayton Marcos, Chicago American Giants, Bacharach Giants, Washington Potomacs, Lincoln Giants, Colored Athletics, Ewing's All Stars[76]
Bobby L. Williams19171948Shortstop / ManagerChicago American Giants, Homestead Grays, Indianapolis ABCs, Lincoln Giants, Bacharach Giants[77]
Bucky Williams19271936Pittsburgh Crawfords, Homestead Grays
Chet Williams1919Shortstop / Second basemanPittsburgh Crawfords, Homestead Grays, Philadelphia Stars, Mexican League, Memphis Red Sox, Chicago American Giants[78]
Clarence Williams18851912Catcher / ManagerCuban Giants, Philadelphia Giants, Cuban X-Giants[79]
Clyde Williams19471950PitcherCleveland Buckeyes[80]
Eli Williams19431945OutfielderHarrisburg-St. Louis Stars, Kansas City Monarchs[81]
Eugene Williams19501960PitcherMemphis Red Sox[82]
George Williams18851902InfielderCuban Giants, Cuban X-Giants[83]
Cyclone Joe Williams19051932Pitcher / ManagerSan Antonio Black Bronchos, Chicago Giants, New York Lincoln Giants, Mohawk Giants, Chicago American Giants, Atlantic City Bacharach Giants, Hilldale Daisies, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Homestead Grays, Detroit Wolves[84]
Lawrence Williams19541955OutfielderKansas City Monarchs[85]
Marvin Williams19431950second basemanPhiladelphia Stars[86]
Robert Williams19541954Infielder / OutfielderBirmingham Black Barons[87]
Tom Williams19161924PitcherBacharach Giants, Chicago American Giants, Royal Poinciana Hotel, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Hilldale Club, Lincoln Giants, Detroit Stars[88]
Willie Williams19451950InfielderNewark Eagles, Houston Eagles[89]
Artie Wilson19441948ShortstopBirmingham Black Barons[90]
George Wilson18951905Pitcher / OutfielderPage Fence Giants, Columbia Giants, Chicago Union Giants[91]
Jud Wilson19221945Infielder / ManagerBaltimore Black Sox, Homestead Grays, Pittsburgh Crawfords, Philadelphia Stars[92]
Clarence Winston19001921OutfielderRichmond, Virginia Reformers All Stars, Norfolk Red Stockings, Cuban X-Giants, Leland Giants, Habana, Philadelphia Giants, Chicago Giants[37]
Nip Winters19201933PitcherBaltimore Black Sox, Atlantic City Bacharach Giants, Hilldale Daisies, New York Lincoln Giants, Homestead Grays, Philadelphia Stars[93]
Bill Wright19321945OutfielderNashville Elite Giants, Columbus Elite Giants, Washington Elite Giants, Baltimore Elite Giants, Mexican League[94]
George Martin Wright19081913Shortstop, Second basemanNorfolk, Virginia Red Stockings, Brooklyn Royal Giants, Philadelphia Quaker Giants, Leland Giants, Chicago Giants, Lincoln Giants[37]
Johnny Wright19371945PitcherNewark Eagles, Atlanta Black Crackers, Pittsburgh Crawfords, Homestead Grays
Dave Wyatt18981906InfielderChicago Unions, Chicago Union Giants, Leland Giants[37]
John Wyatt19531955PitcherIndianapolis Clowns

Y

NameDebutLast GamePositionTeamsRef
Norman Yokely19261944PitcherBaltimore Black Sox, Atlantic City Bacharach Giants, Philadelphia Stars, Washington Black Senators, Baltimore Elite Giants[95]
T.J. Young19201941Utility playerKansas City Monarchs, St. Louis Stars, Homestead Grays, Detroit Wolves, Pittsburgh Crawfords, Philadelphia Stars, Newark Eagles[96]
Willie Young19451945PitcherBirmingham Black Barons[97]

Z

NameDebutLast GamePositionTeamsRef
Jim Zapp19451954OutfielderBaltimore Elite Giants, Nashville Cubs, Atlanta Black Crackers, Birmingham Black Barons[98]

References

  1. "Thomas Sampson Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  2. "James Sanders Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  3. "Louis Santop Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  4. "George Scales Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  5. "Win Three Double-Headers In One Week" Indianapolis Freeman, September 25, 1909, Page 7, Columns 2 and 3
  6. "Ed Scott Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  7. "Cubans in Game Against Stars" Detroit Free Press, July 18, 1920, Page 20, Column 2
  8. "Joe B. Scott Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  9. "Giants Too Much for Cubs" Oneonta Daily Star, Oneonta, New York, August 19, 1920, Page 2, Columns 1, 2, and 3
  10. "Robert Scott Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  11. "Eugene Scruggs Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  12. 1 2 "Prime Sports News" The Gazette, Cleveland, Ohio, Saturday, July 24, 1934, Page 2, Columns 3 and 4
  13. 1 2 "Chicago Union Giants Close Successful Trip" Indianapolis Freeman, September 25, 1909, Page 7, Columns 3 and 4
  14. "A.B.C.'s Take Three From the Sprudels" Indianapolis Star, Wednesday, May 19, 1915, Page 10, Column 6
  15. "Pedro Sierra Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  16. "Arthur Simmons Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  17. "Hubert Simmons Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  18. "Willie Simms Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  19. "Herbert Simpson Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  20. "Red Sox Are Beaten in Close One by Sprudels" Indianapolis Freeman, Indianapolis, Indiana, Saturday, July 24, 1915, Page 4, Column 7
  21. "Al Smith Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  22. "Chino Smith Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  23. "Clarence Smith Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  24. "Gene Smith Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  25. "George Smith Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  26. "Hilton Smith Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  27. "The Past and Present in Baseball" Indianapolis Freeman, Saturday, May 28, 1910, Page 7, Columns 3 and 4
  28. "Quincy Smith Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  29. "Cuban Giants Won Out 5 to 1" Bridgeton Evening News, Bridgeton, New Jersey, Thursday, July 25, 1907, Page 2, Column 6
  30. "Dallas vs Fort Worth" Dallas Express, Dallas, Texas, Saturday, April 17, 1920, Page 3, Columns 1 and 3
  31. "Turkey Stearnes Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  32. "Paul Eugene Stephens Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  33. "Thomas Stirman, the Largest and Fastest Colored Man in Baseball" Indianapolis Freeman, Indianapolis, Indiana, Saturday, September 26, 1914, Page 7, Columns 3 and 4
  34. "Toni Stone Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  35. "George Stovey Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  36. "Colored Teams to Appear at Riverside Park" Portsmouth Times, Portsmouth, Ohio, September 16, 1936, Page 8, Column 7
  37. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Frank Lelands' Chicago Giants Base Ball Club" Fraternal Printing Company, 1910
  38. "Alfred Surratt Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  39. "Mule Suttles Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  40. "Chicago Giants Jump on Bross For Four Runs in First Inning" Chicago Heights Star, Tuesday, June 5, 1928, Page 11, Columns 3-5
  41. "Earl Taborn Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  42. "Goose Tatum Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  43. "Ben Taylor Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  44. "C. I. Taylor Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  45. "Candy Jim Taylor Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  46. "Jim Taylor Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  47. "Steel Arm Johnny Taylor Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  48. "Ron Teasley Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  49. Riley, James A. (1994). The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues. New York: Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-0959-6.
  50. "Colored Brethren Can Wallop a Few" The Post-Standard, Syracuse, New York, Tuesday Morning, May 3, 1910, Page 10, Columns 2 and 3
  51. "Hank Thompson Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  52. https://web.archive.org/web/20150525084636/http://www.tedtolesjr.com/. Archived from the original on 2015-05-25. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  53. "Cristóbal Torriente Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  54. "Quincy Trouppe Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  55. "Donald Troy Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  56. "Thomas TurnerProfile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  57. "William Van Buren Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-19.
  58. "Tetelo Vargas Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  59. "Armando Vazquez Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  60. "Frank Warfield Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  61. "The Monarchs Play Today" The Kansas City Star, Kansas City, MO, Sunday, April 18, 1920, Page 15, Column 2
  62. "Pop Watkins' 45th Year in Baseball" Watertown Daily Times, Watertown, New York, Wednesday Afternoon, July 30, 1919, Page 8, Column 6
  63. "Big City Stuff is Too Much for Local Club" Logansport Pharos-Reporter, Logansport, Indiana, Monday, July 9, 1917, Page 6, Columns 1 and 2
  64. "Hilldale Again" Philadelphia Inquirer, Sunday, June 30, 1918, Page 20, Column 2
  65. "Willie Wells Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  66. "Hilldale Wins Final" Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Friday, August 8, 1919, Page 14, Column 4
  67. "Ernest Westfield Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  68. "West Baden Team Offers Strongest Lineup for Locals" Richmond Palladium and Sun-Telegram, Thursday, August 19, 1915, Page 6, Column 4
  69. "Chaney White Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  70. "Eugene White Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  71. "Sol White Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  72. "Davey Whitney Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  73. "Frank Wickware Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  74. "Wabishaw Wiley Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  75. "Jimmy Wilkes Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  76. "Colored Team to Play Blues at Sportsmans" Alton Evening Telegraph, Alton, Illinois, Saturday, September 18, 1926, Page 6, Column 6
  77. "American Giants Ready for the Bell." Indianapolis Freeman, Indianapolis, IN, Saturday, February 7, 1920, Page 3, Columns 5, 6 and 7
  78. "Chet Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  79. "Clarence Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  80. "Clyde Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  81. "Eli Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  82. "Eugene Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  83. "George Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  84. "Smokey Joe Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  85. "Lawrence Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  86. "Marvin Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  87. "Robert Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  88. "American Giants Ready for the Bell" Indianapolis Freeman, Saturday, February 7, 1920, Page 3, Columns 5 to 7
  89. "Willie Williams Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  90. "Artie Wilson Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  91. "George Wilson Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  92. "Jud Wilson Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  93. "Nip Winters Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  94. "Bill Wright Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-10.
  95. "Laymon Yokely Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  96. "Local Fans Expected to Swell Field" Capital Times, Madison, Wisconsin, Thursday, September 4, 1930, Page 15, Column 3
  97. "Willie Young Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  98. "Jim Zapp Profile". Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and Kansas State University College of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
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