The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire occurred in the 16th century. The basic staples since then remain native foods such as corn, beans, squash and chili peppers, but the Europeans introduced a large number of other foods, the most important of which were meat from domesticated animals (beef, pork, chicken, goat and sheep), dairy products (especially cheese) and various herbs and spices, although key spices in Mexican cuisine are also native to Mesoamerica such as a large variety of chili peppers and cilantro.
Street food in Mexico, called antojitos is prepared by street vendors and at small traditional markets in Mexico. Most of them include corn as an ingredient.
- Sopa de albondiga (meatball soup)
- Albóndigas, Mexican meatballs.
- Carne asada, grilled beef
- Carne guisada, stewed beef in spiced gravy
- Carne a la tampiqueña, carne asada that is usually accompanied by a small portion of enchiladas (or chilaquiles), refried beans, fresh cheese, guacamole, and a vegetable (often rajas; grilled slices of Poblano peppers).
- Cecina – In Mexico, most cecina is of two kinds: sheets of marinated beef, and a pork cut that is pounded thin and coated with chili pepper (this type is called cecina enchilada or carne enchilada).
- Milanesas – Chicken, beef, and a pork breaded fried bisteces.
- Pollo asado
- Pollo Encacahuatado
- Pollo motuleños
- Pollo picado
- Pollo rostizado
Other meat and protein dishes
Moles, sauces, dips and spreads
Soups and stews
- caldo de pollo, chicken soup
- caldo de res, beef soup
- caldo de queso, cheese soup
- caldo de camaron shrimp soup, typically made from dried shrimp
- carne en su jugo, meat and beans in a meat broth
- caldo de mariscos, seafood soup
- caldo tlalpeño, chicken, broth, chopped avocado, chile chipotle and fried tortilla strips or triangles - may include white cheese, vegetables, chickpeas, carrot, green beans
- Chilpachole de jaiba
- Fideos (noodles)
- Sopa, typically pasta flavored with meat or tomato consomme
- Sopa Azteca
- Sopa de fideo
- Sopa de lima, from Yucatán
- Sopa de nueces, walnut soup
- Sopa de pescado siete mares, a seven-fished bouillabaisse popular in the Gulf of California and Pacific areas
- Sopa de pollo (chicken soup)
- Sopa de tortilla (tortilla soup)
- Sopa tarasca
Desserts and sweets
Mexico's candy and bakery sweets industry, centered in Michoacán and Mexico City, produces a wide array of products.
- Fresas con crema
- Gorditas de azucar
- Ice cream ("nieves" and "helados"). Pancho Villa was noted as a devotee of ice cream. The Mexican ice cream industry is centered in the state of Michoacán; most ice cream stands in Mexico are dubbed La Michoacana as a tribute to Michoacán's acknowledged leadership in the production of this product.
- Jarritos (spicy tamarindo candy in a tiny pot), as well as a brand of soda
- Macarrones de dulce de leche
- Mazapán de Cacahuate
- Paletas, popsicles (or ice lollies), the street popsicle vendor is a noted fixture of Mexico's urban landscape.
- Pan de Acambaro (Acambaro bread), named for its town of origin, Acambaro, Guanajuato. Very similar to Jewish Challah bread, which may have inspired its creation.