List of Metropolitans of Montenegro

This article lists the Metropolitans of Montenegro, leaders of the Serbian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral, and their predecessors (bishops and metropolitans of Zeta, and Cetinje), from 1219 to the present day.

Background

Eparchy of Zeta
  • Ilarion Šišojević (1220–1242)
  • German (1242–?)
  • Neofit (1250–1270)
  • Jevstatije (1270–1278)
  • Mihailo I (?–?)
  • Andrija (?–?)
  • Jovan (1293–1305)
  • Mihailo II (1305–1319)
Metropolitanate of Zeta
  • Jevtimije (1405)
  • Arsenije (1405–1417)
  • David (1424)
  • Teodosije (before 1446)
  • Josif (1453)
  • Visarion I (1482–1485)
Eparchy of Cetinje
  • Pahomije I (1491)
  • Vavila (1493–1520, who was, according to Petar I, installed by Đurađ V Crnojević after he had left Montenegro)
  • German II (1520–1530)
  • Pavle (1530-1532)
  • Vasilije I (attended Ohrid gathering- 1532–1540)
  • Nikodim (1540)
  • Romil (1540–1559)
  • Makarije (1560–1561)
  • Ruvim I Veljekrajski (1561–1569)
  • Pahomije II Komanin (1569–1579)
  • Gerasim (1575–1582)
  • Venijamin (1582–1591)
  • Nikanor (1591–1593)
  • Stevan (1591–1593) (Jointly with Nikanor)
  • Rufim II Njeguš (1593–1636)
  • Mardarije Kornečanin (1637–1659)
  • Rufim Boljević (1673–1685)
  • Vasilije Veljekrajski (1685)
  • Visarion Borilović (1685–1692)
  • Sava Očinić (1694–1697)
Hereditary Metropolitans (Prince-Bishops) from the House of Petrović-Njegoš
No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 Danilo I
Данило I
1696–1735 Founder of the House of Petrović-Njegoš.
2 Sava II
Сава II
1735–1782 Co-ruled with Vasilije III from 1750 until 1766.
3 Vasilije III
Василије III
1750–1766 Co-ruled with Sava II.
4 Arsenije Plamenac
Арсеније Пламенац
1782–1784
5 Petar I
Петар I
1784–1830 Canonized by the Serbian Orthodox Church as St. Petar of Cetinje.
6 Petar II
Петар II
1830–1851
7 Danilo II
Данило II
1851 (Designated) Did not take ecclesiastical office.
Became the first secular Prince of Montenegro in 1852.

List

Archbishopric of Cetinje / Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
No. Primate Portrait Reign Notes
1 Nikanor
Никанор
1858–1860 The first Vladika after centuries to only serve religious function.
Banished to the Russian Empire by Prince Nikola; died in 1894.
2 Ilarion II
Иларион II
1860–1882
3 Visarion III
Висарион III
1882–1884
4 Mitrofan
Митрофан
1884–1920
5 Gavrilo
Гаврило
1920–1938 First Metropolitan under the reunified Serbian Orthodox Church.
Served as the 41st Serbian Patriarch from 1938 to 1950.
6 Joanikije
Јоаникије
1940–1945 Executed by the Partisans at the end of World War II for collaboration with Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany.
Canonized as a saint by the Serbian Orthodox Church.
7 Arsenije
Арсеније
1947–1961 Imprisoned by the Yugoslav authorities from 1954 to 1960.
8 Danilo
Данило
1961–1990 Retired at his own request; died in 1993.
9 Amfilohije
Амфилохије
1991–present

See also

Sources

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