List of Major League Baseball single-game home run leaders

Writers of Sporting News described hitting four home runs in a single Major League Baseball (MLB) game as "baseball's greatest single-game accomplishment".[1] Eighteen players have accomplished the feat to date, the most recent being J. D. Martinez—then with the Arizona Diamondbacks—against the Los Angeles Dodgers on September 4, 2017. No player has done this more than once in his career and no player has ever hit more than four in a game. Bobby Lowe was the first to hit four home runs in a single game, doing so on May 30, 1894. Fans were reportedly so excited that they threw $160 in silver coins ($4,500 today) onto the field after his fourth home run.[1][2][3]

These games have resulted in other MLB single-game records due to the extreme offensive performance. Mark Whiten, for example, tied Jim Bottomley for the most runs batted in in a single game with 12 in his four-homer game.[4] Shawn Green hit a double and a single along with his four home runs for 19 total bases, an MLB record. It surpassed Joe Adcock's mark of 18, which also came from a four-homer game.[5][6]

Chuck Klein, Pat Seerey, and Mike Schmidt each hit their four in a game that went into extra innings. Scooter Gennett and Mark Whiten hit a grand slam as one of their four homers. Four home runs generate significant offense that generally allows a team to win, although Ed Delahanty's and Bob Horner's teams lost their respective milestone games.

Carlos Delgado is the only player to hit four home runs in a game in which he made only four plate appearances.[7] No player has ever hit four home runs in a postseason game; that record is three, first accomplished by Babe Ruth in Game 4 of the 1926 World Series.[8]

Warren Spahn pitched the ball which Gil Hodges hit for the first of his four, the only Hall of Fame pitcher faced during a four-home-run game.[1] Hodges, Adcock, and Martinez are the only players to hit home runs against four different pitchers in one game. Lowe and Delahanty, on the other hand, are the only players to hit four home runs in one game against just one pitcher: Ice Box Chamberlain and Adonis Terry, respectively.

Mike Cameron hit his four on May 2, 2002, and Green matched the total 21 days later on May 23, 2002, the shortest span between such games. Lowe and Seerey each hit fewer than 100 career home runs, while Willie Mays, with 660, hit more than any other player in this group. Both Mays and Schmidt are also members of the 500 home run club.

Of the 14 players eligible for the Hall of Fame who have hit four home runs in a game, five have been elected. Players are eligible for the Hall of Fame if they have played in at least 10 major league seasons and have been either retired for five seasons or deceased for at least six months.[9] These requirements leave three players ineligible who are living and have played in the past five seasons and one (Seerey) who did not play 10 seasons in MLB.

Key

Player Name of the player
Date Date of the four home run game
Team The player's team at the time of the game
Opposing team The team against whom the player hit four home runs
Score Final score of the game, with the player's team score listed first
Career HR The number of home runs the player hit in his MLB career
º Indicates that the home runs were in consecutive plate appearances
Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
* Denotes player who is still active
Indicates the player's team lost the game

Players

Stats updated as of August 13, 2018.

Players who have hit four home runs in a single game
Player Date Team Opposing team Score Career HR Ref(s)
Bobby Loweº May 30, 1894Boston BeaneatersCincinnati Reds20–1171[10]
Ed Delahanty July 13, 1896Philadelphia PhilliesChicago Colts8–9101[11]
Lou Gehrigº June 3, 1932New York YankeesPhiladelphia Athletics20–13493[12]
Chuck Klein July 10, 1936Philadelphia PhilliesPittsburgh Pirates9–6300[13]
Pat Seerey July 18, 1948Chicago White SoxPhiladelphia Athletics12–1186[14]
Gil Hodges August 31, 1950Brooklyn DodgersBoston Braves19–3370[15]
Joe Adcock July 31, 1954Milwaukee BravesBrooklyn Dodgers15–7336[16][17]
Rocky Colavitoº June 10, 1959Cleveland IndiansBaltimore Orioles11–8374[18][19]
Willie Mays April 30, 1961San Francisco GiantsMilwaukee Braves14–4660[20][21]
Mike Schmidtº April 17, 1976Philadelphia PhilliesChicago Cubs18–16548[22][23]
Bob Horner July 6, 1986Atlanta BravesMontreal Expos8–11218[24][25]
Mark Whiten September 7, 1993St. Louis CardinalsCincinnati Reds15–2105[26][27]
Mike Cameronº May 2, 2002Seattle MarinersChicago White Sox15–4278[28][29]
Shawn Green May 23, 2002Los Angeles DodgersMilwaukee Brewers16–3328[30][31]
Carlos Delgadoº September 25, 2003Toronto Blue JaysTampa Bay Devil Rays10–8473[32][33]
Josh Hamilton May 8, 2012Texas RangersBaltimore Orioles10–3200[34][35]
Scooter Gennettº* June 6, 2017Cincinnati RedsSt. Louis Cardinals13–180[36][37]
J. D. Martinezº* September 4, 2017Arizona DiamondbacksLos Angeles Dodgers13–0189[38][39]

See also

References

General
Specific
  1. 1 2 3 Jim, Hoppel; Meier, Jim; Deveney, Sean (August 10, 1999). "Four homers in one game". Sporting News. Archived from the original on April 8, 2004. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  2. Suehsdorf, A. D. (1978). The Great American Baseball Scrapbook, p. 14. Random House. ISBN 0-394-50253-1.
  3. "Bobby Lowe Dead; Baseball Star, 83; First Player to Hit Four Home Runs in One Game Spent 18 Years in Major Leagues". The New York Times. Associated Press. December 9, 1951. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
  4. SABR, pg. 69
  5. SABR, pg. 70
  6. "Shawn Green slams record four home runs". CBC Sports. May 24, 2002. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  7. "Delgado ties record with four homers". ESPN.com. September 25, 2003. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
  8. "MLB's three-home run playoff games: From Babe to Reggie, Kennedy to Enrique Hernandez". USA Today. October 20, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  9. "Rules for Election". National Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  10. "Bobby Lowe Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  11. "Ed Delahanty Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  12. "Lou Gehrig Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  13. "Chuck Klein Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  14. "Pat Seerey Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  15. "Gil Hodges Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  16. "Joe Adcock Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  17. "Joe Adcock Ties Home Run Mark". The Miami News. Associated Press. July 31, 1954. p. C1. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
  18. "Rocky Colavito Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  19. Wilks, Ed (June 10, 1959). "Tribe's Rocky Colavito Ties Record in Majors' Toughest Home Run Park". Evening Independent. Associated Press. p. 6A. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
  20. "Willie Mays Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  21. Reichler, Joe (May 1, 1961). "Giants' Slugging Sets or Ties a Flock of Records". The Hour. Associated Press. p. 14. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  22. "Mike Schmidt Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  23. "Mike Schmidt Hits Four Home Runs: Phillies Outslug Chicago,18–16". TimesDaily. United Press International. April 17, 1976. p. 21. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  24. "Bob Horner Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  25. "National League; Horner Ties Mark with 4 Home Runs". New York Times. July 7, 1986. p. C4.
  26. "Mark Whiten Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  27. Allen, Karen (September 8, 1993). "Cards' Whiten: 4 HRs, 12 RBI". USA Today. pp. Sports, 1C.
  28. "Mike Cameron Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  29. Ralph, John (May 2, 2002). "With 4 homers, Cameron crows". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  30. "Shawn Green Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  31. Gurnick, Ken (May 23, 2002). "A day for the ages for Green". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  32. "Carlos Delgado Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  33. Fordin, Spencer (September 25, 2003). "Delgado smashes four homers". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  34. "Josh Hamilton Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  35. "Hamilton makes history with four home runs". MLB.com. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
  36. "Scooter Gennett Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  37. Kay, Joe (June 7, 2017). "Scooter Gennett hits 4 home runs for Reds to tie MLB record". Associated Press. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
  38. "J.D. Martinez Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  39. "J.D. Martinez mashes his way to a four-homer game". ESPN.com. September 4, 2017. Retrieved September 5, 2017.

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