List of Major League Baseball retired numbers

Major League Baseball and its participating clubs have retired various uniform numbers over the course of time, ensuring that those numbers are never worn again and thus will always be associated with particular players or managers of note. The use of numbers on uniforms to better identify one player from another, and hence to boost sales of scorecards, was tried briefly by the Cleveland Indians of 1916, but this failed. The first team to permanently adopt the practice was the New York Yankees of 1929. By 1932, all 16 major league clubs were issuing numbers, and by 1937, the leagues passed rules requiring it.

The Yankees' original approach was to simply assign the numbers 1 through 8 to the regular starting lineup in their normal batting order. Hence, Babe Ruth wore number 3 and Lou Gehrig number 4. The first major leaguer whose number was retired was Gehrig, in July 1939, following his retirement due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which became known popularly as Lou Gehrig's Disease.

Since then, over 150 other people have had their numbers retired, some with more than one team. This includes managers and coaches, as Major League Baseball is the only one of the major North American professional leagues in which the coaching staff wear the same uniforms as players. Three numbers have been retired in honor of people not directly involved on the playing field – all three for team executives. Some of the game's early stars, such as Ty Cobb and Christy Mathewson, retired before numbers came into usage. Teams often celebrate their retired numbers and other honored people by hanging banners with the numbers and names. Early stars, as well as honored non-players, will often have numberless banners hanging along with the retired numbers. Because fewer and fewer players stay with one team long enough to warrant their number being retired, some players believe that getting their number retired is a greater honor than going into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Ron Santo, upon his number 10 being retired by the Chicago Cubs on the last day of the 2003 regular season, enthusiastically told the Wrigley Field crowd as his #10 flag was hoisted, "This is my Hall of Fame!"[1] However, Santo would be inducted into the Hall of Fame in July 2012, nearly two years after his death, after being voted in by the Veterans Committee.

List of all-time retired numbers

Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame
No. Player or other figure Team Date
1 Billy Meyer Pirates1954
1 Bud Selig[Notes 1] BrewersApril 6, 2015
1 Pee Wee Reese DodgersJuly 1, 1984
1 Bobby Doerr Red SoxMay 21, 1988
1 Fred Hutchinson RedsOctober 19, 1964
1 Ozzie Smith CardinalsSeptember 26, 1996
1 Richie Ashburn PhilliesAugust 24, 1979
1 Billy Martin YankeesAugust 10, 1986
2 Red Schoendienst CardinalsMay 11, 1996
2 Nellie Fox White SoxMay 1, 1976
2 Tommy Lasorda DodgersAugust 15, 1997
2 Charlie Gehringer TigersJune 12, 1983
2 Derek Jeter YankeesMay 14, 2017
3 Babe Ruth YankeesJune 13, 1948
3 Earl Averill IndiansJune 8, 1975
3 Bill Terry Giants1984
3 Harmon Killebrew TwinsMay 4, 1974
3 Dale Murphy BravesJune 13, 1994
3 Harold Baines White SoxAugust 20, 1989
3 Alan Trammell TigersAugust 26, 2018
4 Luke Appling White SoxJune 7, 1975
4 Earl Weaver OriolesSeptember 19, 1982
4 Duke Snider DodgersJuly 6, 1980
4 Ralph Kiner PiratesSeptember 19, 1987
4 Lou Gehrig YankeesJuly 4, 1939
4 Paul Molitor BrewersJune 11, 1999
4 Mel Ott GiantsJuly 17, 1948
4 Joe Cronin Red SoxMay 29, 1984
5 Brooks Robinson OriolesApril 14, 1978
5 Lou Boudreau IndiansJuly 9, 1970
5 George Brett RoyalsMay 14, 1994
5 Johnny Bench RedsAugust 11, 1984
5 Hank Greenberg TigersJune 12, 1983
5 Joe DiMaggio YankeesApril 18, 1952
5 Jeff Bagwell AstrosAugust 26, 2007
6 Johnny Pesky Red SoxSeptember 28, 2008
6 Steve Garvey PadresApril 16, 1988
6 Stan Musial CardinalsSeptember 29, 1963
6 Al Kaline TigersAugust 17, 1980
6 Tony Oliva TwinsJuly 14, 1991
6 Bobby Cox BravesAugust 12, 2011
6 Joe Torre YankeesAugust 23, 2014
7 Mickey Mantle YankeesJune 8, 1969
7 Craig Biggio AstrosAugust 17, 2008
7 Iván Rodríguez RangersAugust 12, 2017
8 Willie Stargell PiratesSeptember 6, 1982
8 Joe Morgan RedsJune 6, 1998
8 Yogi Berra YankeesJuly 22, 1972
8 Bill Dickey YankeesJuly 22, 1972
8 Cal Ripken Jr. OriolesOctober 6, 2001
8 Carl Yastrzemski Red SoxAugust 6, 1989
9 Ted Williams Red SoxMay 29, 1984
9 Reggie Jackson AthleticsMay 22, 2004
9 Minnie Miñoso White SoxMay 8, 1983
9 Enos Slaughter CardinalsSeptember 6, 1996
9 Bill Mazeroski PiratesAugust 7, 1987
9 Roger Maris YankeesJuly 21, 1984
10 Sparky Anderson RedsMay 28, 2005
10 Dick Howser RoyalsJuly 3, 1987
10 Phil Rizzuto YankeesAugust 4, 1985
10 Ron Santo CubsSeptember 28, 2003
10 Tony La Russa CardinalsMay 11, 2012
10 Tom Kelly TwinsSeptember 8, 2012
10 Chipper Jones BravesJune 28, 2013
11 Carl Hubbell Giants1944
11 Jim Fregosi AngelsAugust 1, 1998
11 Luis Aparicio[Notes 2] White SoxAugust 14, 1984
11 Paul Waner PiratesJuly 21, 2007
11 Sparky Anderson TigersJune 26, 2011
11 Barry Larkin RedsAugust 25, 2012
11 Edgar Martínez MarinersAugust 12, 2017
12 Wade Boggs RaysApril 7, 2000
12 Roberto Alomar Blue JaysJuly 31, 2011
13 Dave Concepción RedsAugust 25, 2007
14Ernie BanksCubsAugust 22, 1982
14Kent HrbekTwinsAugust 13, 1995
14Larry DobyIndiansJuly 3, 1994
14Ken BoyerCardinalsMay 20, 1984
14Gil HodgesMetsJune 9, 1973
14Jim BunningPhilliesApril 16, 2001
14Jim RiceRed SoxJuly 28, 2009
14Paul KonerkoWhite SoxMay 23, 2015
14Pete RoseRedsJune 26, 2016
15Thurman MunsonYankeesAugust 3, 1979
16Ted LyonsWhite SoxJuly 25, 1987
16Whitey FordYankeesAugust 3, 1974
16Hal NewhouserTigersJuly 27, 1997
17Dizzy DeanCardinalsSeptember 22, 1974
17Todd HeltonRockiesAugust 17, 2014
18Ted KluszewskiRedsJuly 18, 1998
18Mel HarderIndiansJuly 28, 1990
19Bob FellerIndiansDecember 28, 1956
19Billy PierceWhite SoxJuly 25, 1987
19Jim GilliamDodgersOctober 10, 1978
19Tony GwynnPadresSeptember 4, 2004
19Robin YountBrewersMay 29, 1994
20Luis GonzalezDiamondbacksAugust 7, 2010
20Monte IrvinGiantsJune 26, 2010
20Lou BrockCardinalsSeptember 9, 1979
20Jorge PosadaYankeesAugust 22, 2015
20Frank RobinsonOriolesMarch 10, 1972
20Frank RobinsonRedsMay 22, 1998
20Frank RobinsonIndiansMay 27, 2017
20Pie TraynorPiratesApril 18, 1972
20Mike SchmidtPhilliesMay 26, 1990
20Don SuttonDodgersAugust 14, 1998
20Frank WhiteRoyalsMay 2, 1995
21Bob LemonIndiansJune 20, 1998
21Warren SpahnBravesDecember 11, 1965
21Roberto ClementePiratesApril 6, 1973
22Jim PalmerOriolesSeptember 1, 1985
23Ryne SandbergCubsAugust 28, 2005
23Don MattinglyYankeesAugust 31, 1997
23Willie HortonTigersJuly 15, 2000
24Whitey HerzogCardinalsJuly 31, 2010
24Tony PérezRedsMay 27, 2000
24Willie MaysGiantsMay 12, 1972
24Walter AlstonDodgersJune 5, 1977
24Ken Griffey Jr.MarinersAugust 6, 2016[Notes 3]
24Jimmy WynnAstrosJune 25, 2005
24Rickey HendersonAthleticsAugust 1, 2009
25José CruzAstrosOctober 3, 1992
25 Barry Bonds GiantsAugust 11, 2018
25Jim ThomeIndiansAugust 18, 2018
26Billy WilliamsCubsAugust 13, 1987
26Gene Autry[Notes 4]AngelsAugust 3, 1982
26Johnny OatesRangersAugust 5, 2005
26Wade BoggsRed SoxMay 26, 2016
27Carlton FiskRed SoxSeptember 4, 2000
27Catfish HunterAthleticsJune 9, 1991
27Juan MarichalGiantsJuly 10, 1983
28Bert BlylevenTwinsJuly 16, 2011
29Rod CarewAngelsAugust 6, 1991
29Rod CarewTwinsJuly 19, 1987
29John SmoltzBravesJune 8, 2012
30Orlando CepedaGiantsJuly 11, 1999
30Nolan RyanAngelsJune 16, 1992
31Dave WinfieldPadresApril 14, 2001
31Greg MadduxCubsMay 3, 2009
31Greg MadduxBravesJuly 17, 2009
31Ferguson JenkinsCubsMay 3, 2009
31Mike PiazzaMetsJuly 30, 2016
32Steve CarltonPhilliesJuly 29, 1989
32Sandy KoufaxDodgersJune 4, 1972
32Elston HowardYankeesJuly 21, 1984
32Jim UmbrichtAstrosApril 12, 1965
32Roy HalladayBlue JaysMarch 29, 2018
33Mike ScottAstrosOctober 3, 1992
33Eddie MurrayOriolesJune 7, 1998
33Honus WagnerPiratesFebruary 16, 1952
34Rollie FingersBrewersAugust 9, 1992
34Rollie FingersAthleticsJuly 5, 1993
34Nolan RyanRangersSeptember 15, 1996
34Nolan RyanAstrosSeptember 29, 1996
34Kirby PuckettTwinsMay 25, 1997
34David OrtizRed SoxJune 23, 2017
35Randy JonesPadresMay 9, 1997
35Phil NiekroBravesAugust 6, 1984
35Frank ThomasWhite SoxAugust 29, 2010
36Gaylord PerryGiantsJuly 23, 2005
36Robin RobertsPhilliesMarch 21, 1962
37Casey StengelYankeesAugust 8, 1970
37Casey StengelMetsSeptember 2, 1965
39Roy CampanellaDodgersJune 4, 1972
40Don WilsonAstrosApril 13, 1975
40Danny MurtaughPiratesApril 7, 1977
41Eddie MathewsBravesJuly 26, 1969
41Tom SeaverMetsJune 24, 1988
42Mariano Rivera[Notes 5]YankeesSeptember 22, 2013
42Jackie RobinsonDodgersJune 4, 1972
42Jackie RobinsonAll MLBApril 15, 1997
42Bruce Sutter[Notes 5]CardinalsSeptember 17, 2006
43Dennis EckersleyAthleticsAugust 13, 2005
44Hank AaronBravesApril 15, 1977
44Hank AaronBrewersOctober 3, 1976
44Reggie JacksonYankeesAugust 14, 1993
44Willie McCoveyGiantsSeptember 21, 1980
45Bob GibsonCardinalsSeptember 1, 1975
45Pedro MartínezRed SoxJuly 28, 2015
46Andy PettitteYankeesAugust 23, 2015
47Tom GlavineBravesAugust 6, 2010
47Jack MorrisTigersAugust 12, 2018
49Larry DierkerAstrosMay 19, 2002
49Ron GuidryYankeesAugust 23, 2003
50Jimmie ReeseAngelsAugust 2, 1995
51Randy JohnsonDiamondbacksAugust 8, 2015
51Trevor HoffmanPadresAugust 21, 2011
51Bernie WilliamsYankeesMay 24, 2015
53Don DrysdaleDodgersJuly 1, 1984
56Mark BuehrleWhite SoxJune 24, 2017
66Don ZimmerRaysApril 6, 2015
72Carlton FiskWhite SoxSeptember 14, 1997
85August Busch, Jr.[Notes 6]CardinalsApril 13, 1984
455Indians fans[Notes 7]IndiansMay 29, 2001
  1. Team founder and former MLB Commissioner. Number selected symbolically.
  2. Aparicio's number was temporarily unretired with his approval for fellow Venezuelan shortstop Omar Vizquel. Vizquel played the 2010 and 2011 seasons with the White Sox.
  3. Date of formal ceremony; number retirement took effect at the start of the 2016 MLB season. The number was also retired for all Mariners minor league affiliates at that time.
  4. Team founder. The number represents the "26th man"—Major League Baseball rosters are limited to 25 players, except for games played on or after September 1, when rosters are expanded to 40.
  5. 1 2 Number was already retired league-wide.
  6. Served as president, chairman, or CEO of the Cardinals from the team's purchase by Anheuser-Busch in 1953 until his death in 1989. The number represents his age at the time the number was retired in 1984.
  7. The Number 455 was retired in honor of the fans after the Indians sold out 455 consecutive games.

List of pending number retirements

No. Player or other figure Team Date
16 José Fernández MarlinsUnannounced

    Former retired numbers

    It is very rare for a team to reissue a retired number, and usually requires a special circumstance, such as the person for whom the number was retired returning to the team in a player, coach or manager role. Harold Baines provides one example of this when he returned to the White Sox multiple times.[2] The White Sox also re-issued Luis Aparicio's number 11, with his permission, to fellow countryman Omar Vizquel in 2010–11.[3]

    In cases of franchise relocation, the handling of existing retired numbers is at the discretion of team management. The team may decide to continue honoring the retired numbers (as did the San Francisco Giants), or it may choose to make a "fresh start" and reissue the numbers (as the Washington Nationals have done).

    The Cincinnati Reds returned Willard Hershberger's number 5 to circulation two years after his death. Cincinnati later re-retired the number to honor Johnny Bench.

    When the Florida Marlins moved to their current stadium, Marlins Park, and were rebranded as the Miami Marlins, the number 5, which had been retired for the team's late first president Carl Barger, was returned to circulation because player Logan Morrison requested permission to wear the number to honor his father.[4]

    No. Name Team Retirement date
    5 Carl Barger[Notes 1] MarlinsApril 5, 1993
    8 Gary Carter[Notes 2] ExposJuly 31, 1993
    10 Andre Dawson[Notes 2] ExposJuly 6, 1997
    5 Willard Hershberger[Notes 3] Reds1940
    30 Tim Raines[Notes 2] ExposJune 19, 2004
    10 Rusty Staub[Notes 2] ExposMay 15, 1993
    1. Placed into circulation in 2012 when the Marlins moved to their new park and decided to honor Barger instead with a plaque at the stadium. The first player to receive the number was Logan Morrison. Barger was the team's first president, but died in December 1992, four months before the team's first game. The Marlins chose to retire #5 because it was the number worn by Barger's favorite player, Joe DiMaggio.
    2. 1 2 3 4 The Montreal Expos retired numbers in honor of four players (Carter #8, Dawson #10, Staub #10, Raines #30). When the franchise relocated to Washington, D.C., after the 2004 season, the newly christened Washington Nationals chose not to recognize any uniform number retired while in Montreal. On October 18, 2005, the NHL's Montreal Canadiens honored the departed team by raising an Expos commemorative banner listing the retired numbers to the rafters of Montreal's Bell Centre.
    3. The Reds retired Hershberger's #5 after his death in 1940, but returned it to circulation two years later. Cincinnati later re-retired the number 5 for Johnny Bench.

    Retired in honor of multiple players

    The following numbers have been retired in honor of multiple players:

    Alternative methods of recognition

    A number of teams have formal or informal policies of only retiring numbers of players inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, although there is no league-wide uniformity and teams sometimes break their own guidelines.[9][10] As an alternative to retiring numbers, many teams have established other means of honoring former players, such as team-specific Halls of Fame (Angels, Braves, Brewers, Cardinals, Indians, Mariners, Mets, Orioles, Padres, Rangers, Reds, Red Sox, and Twins) or Walls of Fame (Giants and Phillies), a Ring of Honor (Nationals) or Level of Excellence (Blue Jays). In addition, several teams have kept certain numbers out of circulation since a player left, but have not formally retired them.[11][12]

    Only one team does not currently have any retired jersey numbers (other than Robinson's #42 retired in all of MLB). The Washington Nationals franchise had retired jerseys in honor of four players when known as the Montreal Expos, but un-retired them upon moving to Washington. The Nationals have established a "Ring of Honor" instead, which includes two of those Expos players, Gary Carter and Andre Dawson; the Nationals' first manager, Frank Robinson; players from the original Washington Senators Joe Cronin, Rick Ferrell, Goose Goslin, Bucky Harris, Walter Johnson, Heinie Manush, Sam Rice, Harmon Killebrew, and Early Wynn, as well as owner Clark Griffith; players from the second Senators franchise Frank Howard; and Homestead Grays players Cool Papa Bell, Ray Brown, Josh Gibson, Buck Leonard, Cumberland Posey, and Jud Wilson.[13][14]

    The Miami Marlins had previously retired #5 in honor of their first team president, the late Carl Barger, but un-retired it entering the 2012 season. The Marlins did not have another retired number until September 26, 2016, when #16 was retired following the death of pitcher José Fernández.[15]

    Numbers kept out of circulation

    Some teams have not formally retired certain numbers, but nonetheless kept them out of circulation. For example, the Los Angeles Dodgers' current policy is only to retire the numbers of longtime club members if they are inducted into the Hall of Fame; the lone exception was longtime Dodger player and coach Jim Gilliam, whose #19 was retired when he died of a cerebral hemorrhage during the Dodgers' 1978 postseason run. Nevertheless, the Dodgers have informally kept Fernando Valenzuela's #34 out of circulation since he last played for the team in 1990.[16] The San Francisco Giants have a similar policy, but have kept Tim Lincecum's #55 out of circulation since he departed after the 2015 season, though it is not formally retired.[12]

    The Milwaukee Brewers have not issued Jim Gantner’s #17 since his retirement.

    The Seattle Mariners have kept the following numbers out of circulation since the departure of a popular member of the team who wore it: #14 (Lou Piniella), #19 (Jay Buhner), and #51 (initially for Randy Johnson, and later for Ichiro Suzuki). Similarly, no one had worn #33 for the Colorado Rockies since the departure of Larry Walker in 2004 until Walker gave his approval for Justin Morneau, a fellow British Columbia native who had idolized Walker as a boy, to wear it when Morneau was with the team from 2014 to 2015.[17]

    On Opening Day of the 2012 season, the New York Mets unveiled a memorial "Kid 8" logo to honor the late Gary Carter. Although no Met has worn the number 8 since Carter's election to the Hall of Fame, it is not retired. Following Willie Mays' retirement in 1973, Mets owner Joan Payson promised him that the team would not reissue his #24; since then, the only Met to wear it has been Rickey Henderson from 1999 to 2000 (with the exception of a minor league call-up named Kelvin Torve, who was inexplicably issued #24 in August 1990 before fan complaints prompted the team to change his number to #39 ten days later[18]).

    The New York Yankees have not re-issued Paul O'Neill's #21 since he ended his career, except for a brief period in 2008 when Morgan Ensberg and then LaTroy Hawkins wore #21, before fan complaints led Hawkins to change his number to #22 in April.[19]

    The Baltimore Orioles have not re-issued numbers 7, 44, and 46 since the passing of Cal Ripken, Sr., Elrod Hendricks, and Mike Flanagan respectively. The team has placed a moratorium on the three numbers in their honors.[20]

    The Boston Red Sox have not re-issued uniform numbers 21 (Roger Clemens), 33 (Jason Varitek) and 49 (Tim Wakefield) since those players left the Red Sox or ended their careers.[21]

    After Darryl Kile's death in 2002, the teams he played for (Colorado Rockies, Houston Astros, and St. Louis Cardinals) took his #57 out of circulation, but have not formally retired the number.[11]

    The Los Angeles Angels have not re-issued Nick Adenhart's uniform number 34, after he was killed in a car accident on April 9, 2009.

    Number retired by Major League Baseball

    Normally the individual clubs are responsible for retiring numbers. On April 15, 1997, Major League Baseball took the unusual move of retiring a number for all teams. On the 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinson's breaking the major league color barrier, his number 42 was retired throughout the majors, at the order of Commissioner Bud Selig. This meant that no future player on any major league team could wear number 42, although players wearing #42 at the time were allowed to continue wearing it (Mariano Rivera was the last active player to be grandfathered in, retiring after the 2013 season).[22] Starting in the 2007 season, the 60th anniversary of Robinson's Major League debut, players and coaches have all worn the number 42 as a tribute to Robinson on Jackie Robinson Day, April 15.

    There is a lobby to have uniform #21 retired in all of baseball to honor Roberto Clemente.[23]

    Similar honors

    Players who pre-date uniform numbers

    Four teams have honored players who played before the advent of uniform numbers by placing their names among those of players whose numbers have been retired:

    Broadcasters

    • Bob Murphy and Ralph Kiner New York Mets; The radio booth at both Shea Stadium and Citi Field are named for the beloved, late Murphy. The television booth at Citi Field is named for Kiner, who continued to broadcast some home games for the Mets until his death in early 2014. In addition, a special memorial logo honoring Kiner, depicting a microphone along with his name and the years 1922–2014, was displayed at Citi Field on the left field wall adjacent to, but not as a part of, the Mets' retired numbers, from 2014 to 2016. In the 2016 Mets yearbook, a sidebar in an article on Mike Piazza's upcoming number retirement implies that Kiner has been "retired" a la William A. Shea.[24] This was reinforced when the Mets' retired numbers were moved to the roof facade during the 2016 season to accommodate Mike Piazza's #31; Kiner's "number" was placed adjacent to the Shea and Jackie Robinson numbers, no longer separated from the others.
    • Jack Buck St. Louis Cardinals; honored with a drawing of a microphone on the wall with the retired numbers.
    • Lon Simmons, Russ Hodges, and Jon Miller San Francisco Giants; honored with stylized old-style radio microphone displayed in place of a number.
    • Marty Brennaman, Waite Hoyt, and Joe Nuxhall Cincinnati Reds; honored with microphones by the broadcast booth.
    • Jerry Coleman San Diego Padres; a "star on the wall" in reference to his trademark phrase "You can hang a star on that one!" The star is painted in gold on the front of the press box down the right field line, accompanied by Coleman's name in white. Upon Coleman's death in 2014, the broadcast booth at Petco Park was named in his honor.
    • Harry Kalas and Richie Ashburn Philadelphia Phillies; At Citizens Bank Park, the restaurant built into the base of the main scoreboard is named "Harry the K's" in Kalas's honor. After Kalas's death, the Phillies' TV-broadcast booth was renamed "The Harry Kalas Broadcast Booth". It is directly next to the radio-broadcast booth, which is named "The Richie 'Whitey' Ashburn Broadcast Booth". They both also have statues at Citizens Bank Park (though Ashburn is in uniform for his statue).
    • Ernie Harwell Detroit Tigers; honored with his name alongside the retired players on the Left-Centerfield Brick wall in Comerica Park and a statue & portrait at the stadium's front entrance. Honored with the Media Center named after him also.
    • Bob Uecker – "50 Years in Baseball" along with Uecker's name is next to the Brewers retired numbers at Miller Park.
    • Tom Cheek Toronto Blue Jays; honored with a banner on the Rogers Centre's "Level of Excellence" bearing his name and, in place of a jersey number, 4,306 – his streak of consecutive regular-season broadcasts.
    • Harry Caray and Jack Brickhouse Chicago Cubs: Caray is remembered inside and outside of Wrigley Field. A statue of him leading the crowd in "Take Me Out to the Ballgame" is near the bleacher entrance (originally at the corner of Addison Street and Sheffield Avenue), and a caricature of him adorns his former WGN-TV broadcast booth. Brickhouse's catch phrase, "Hey hey!" is memorialized in large red letters on each foul pole. (Brickhouse also has a statue on Michigan Avenue.)
    • Dave Niehaus Seattle Mariners; the press box at Safeco Field was renamed the "Dave Niehaus Media Center" on April 8, 2011 prior to the Mariners' home opener against the Cleveland Indians. In addition, a part of First Avenue NW outside the stadium was renamed Dave Niehaus Way, and the wall in deep right-center field also has a microphone with a Dave Niehaus graphic.
    • Vin Scully Los Angeles Dodgers; in 2001, the Dodgers honored Scully by naming the press box at Dodger Stadium the "Vin Scully Press Box". However, on January 29, 2016, the Los Angeles City Council in a unanimous vote, renamed Elysian Park Avenue to Vin Scully Avenue, changing the address of Dodger Stadium to 1000 Vin Scully Ave.[25]
    • Arch McDonald and Bob Wolff - Washington Senators: MacDonald and Wolff's names are on the Washington Nationals' Ring of Honor at Nationals Park.
    • Bill King Oakland Athletics; The Athletics named their broadcast facilities the "Bill King Broadcast Booth" after King's death in 2005.

    Owners and contributors

    • The initials of former San Diego Padres owner Ray Kroc are painted in gold on the front of the pressbox down the right field line, accompanied by his name in white.
    • The initials of former Boston Red Sox owners Tom and Jean Yawkey are rendered in Morse code and painted in white on the manual scoreboard on Fenway Park's Green Monster.
    • Charles Bronfman was inducted into the Expos Hall of Fame as its inaugural member in 1993, and a circular patch placed on the right field wall with his name, the number 83, which he used to wear during spring training, and the words "FONDATEUR / FOUNDER".[26]
    • On April 8, 2008, the final opening day at Shea Stadium, the New York Mets unveiled a "Shea" logo which was displayed on the left-field fence next to the team's retired numbers. The stadium was named for William Shea, a prominent lawyer who was responsible for the return of National League baseball to New York.
    • Walter A. Haas, Jr., honorary jersey retired (with stylized Old English "A" in place of a number) in 1995, located in right field. Owner of the Oakland Athletics from 1980 until 1995. Haas purchased the team from Charles O. Finley in 1980, saving the team from potentially moving out of the area.
    • At the start of the 2007 season, the Kansas City Royals designated Seat #9 in Section 127, Row C at Kauffman Stadium as the "Buck O'Neil Legacy Seat" in honor of Negro Leagues legend and Royals scout Buck O'Neil. During each home game, the Royals honor a fan who exemplifies O'Neil's spirit of humanitarianism and community service by inviting that fan to sit in the Buck O'Neil Legacy Seat.
    • The names of Paul Beeston and Pat Gillick, the team's first president and general manager, respectively, are list on the Toronto Blue Jays Level of Excellence, alongside the team's retired numbers.

    Umpires

    See: Umpire (baseball) § Numbers retired by the National and American Leagues

    See also

    References

    1. Jauss, Bill (September 29, 2003). "Santo: Flag 'my Hall of Fame'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 19, 2010.
    2. Schmuck, Peter (September 11, 1996). "Baines' hit season is designated delight DH: Unwanted by the Orioles, veteran shows he's far from through with an '80s-like year for the White Sox". The Baltimore Sun.
    3. Gregor, Scot (February 8, 2010). "White Sox unretire Luis Aparicio's No. 11 for Vizquel". Daily Herald.
    4. Capozzi, Joe (February 13, 2012). "Miami Marlins un-retire ex-team president Carl Barger's No. 5 for Logan Morrison, but Barger family unhappy". Palm Beach Post. Archived from the original on July 4, 2012.
    5. 1 2 3 baseball-almanac.com (2009). "Retired Uniform Numbers in the National League". baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
    6. MLB Advanced Media (2009). "Franchise Retired Numbers". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
    7. MLB Advanced Media (2009). "Yankees Retired Numbers". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
    8. MLB Advanced Media (2009). "Cardinals Retired Numbers". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
    9. Jaffe, Jay (June 23, 2016). "Picking the best players whose numbers have yet to be retired in MLB". SI.com.
    10. Baggarly, Andrew (September 13, 2015). "Commentary: It's time for Giants to retire Barry Bonds' number". Bay Area News Group.
    11. 1 2 Goold, Derrick (February 23, 2015). "Why McGwire's No. 25 is back off the rack". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
    12. 1 2 Schulman, Henry (May 7, 2016). "No one's getting Lincecum's No. 55 anytime soon". San Francisco Chronicle.
    13. "Washington Nationals 2016 Media Guide". MLB.com. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
    14. Steinberg, Dan (August 26, 2016). "Senators legend Frank Howard is humbled and thrilled to enter the Nats' Ring of Honor". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
    15. Polacek, Scott (September 26, 2016). "Jose Fernandez's No. 16 to Be Retired by Marlins". Bleacher Report. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
    16. "Big Unit beats Dodgers 2-1 in Manny's LA debut". Yahoo.com. February 8, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2008.
    17. Harding, Thomas (January 27, 2014). "Walker OKs Morneau wearing No. 33 with Rockies". MLB.com. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
    18. "Accidental 24: The Kelvin Torve Interview". Mets by the Numbers. February 11, 2008. Archived from the original on June 19, 2010. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
    19. Cohen, Jason (February 26, 2015). "The Yankees need to reissue Paul O`Neill's no. 21". Pinstripe Alley.
    20. "Orioles Insider: Guthrie wants to know whether he should keep No. 46 – Baltimore Orioles: Schedule, news, analysis and opinion on baseball at Camden Yards". Baltimore Sun. August 25, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2012.
    21. Cafardo, Nick (December 22, 2015). "Red Sox finally do right by Wade Boggs". The Boston Globe.
    22. Araton, Harvey (April 14, 2010). "Yankees' Mariano Rivera Is the Last No. 42". The New York Times.
    23. Ruiz, M. Teresa. "SENATE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION No. 27". State of New Jersey. State of New Jersey. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
    24. 2016 New York Mets yearbook, page 62
    25. McCullough, Andy (January 29, 2016). "Street is renamed to honor Dodgers broadcaster Vin Scully". LA Times. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
    26. Blair, Jeff (August 15, 1993). "This used to be his playground; Bronfman was always a fan; Original owner steps into Expos Hall of Fame". Montreal Gazette. Montreal Gazette. pp. D.1.

    Further reading

    • Baseball Uniforms of the 20th Century, Marc Okkonen, 1991, Sterling Publishing.
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