List of Leonese monarchs

Monarchs of
the Iberian
Peninsula
al-Andalus (taifas)
Aragon
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Asturias
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Castile
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Catalonia
Galicia
Granada
León
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Majorca
Navarre
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Portugal
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Spain
Medieval · Modern
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Suebi
Valencia
Viguera
Visigoths
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In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias (850–866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León. In 910, an independent Kingdom of León was founded when the king of Asturias divided his territory amongst his three sons.

Below follows a list of Leonese monarchs. It is, in part, a continuation of the list of Asturian monarchs.

Kings of León

Astur-Leonese dynasty

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Ordoño I831850 – 27 May 86627 May 866
Alfonso III the Greatc. 848866 – 10 December 91010 December 910
García Ic. 871910 – 914914
Ordoño IIc. 873914 – 924924also the king of Galicia from 910
Fruela IIc. 875924 – 925924also the king of Galicia from 924 and of Asturias from 910
Alfonso IV the Monkc. 890924 – 931933abdicated
Ramiro IIc. 900931 – 950950
Ordoño IIIc. 926951 – 956956
Sancho I the Fat?956 – 958966
Ordoño IV the Wickedc. 926958 – 960962
Sancho I the Fat?960 – 966966
Ramiro III961966 – 984985
Bermudo II the Gouty956982 – 999999
Alfonso V994999 – 10281028
Bermudo III10101028 – 4 September 10374 September 1037

Jiménez Dynasty

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Ferdinand I the Great10171037–24 December 106524 December 1065
Alfonso VIbefore June 104024 December 1065 – January 107229 June/1 July 1109deposed by brother
(restored later the same year)
Sancho II1036/1038January 1072 – 6 October 10726 October 1072also king of Castile (1065–1072)
Alfonso VI
(again)
before June 10406 October 1072 – 29 June/1 July 110929 June/1 July 1109also king of Castile (1072–1109)
Urraca10821109 – 8 March 11268 March 1126also queen of Castile (1109–1126)

House of Burgundy

The follow dynasts are descendants, in the male line, of Urraca's husband, Raymond of Burgundy.

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Alfonso VII the Emperor1 March 11051135 – 21 August 115721 August 1157also king of Galicia (1111–1157) and king of Castile (1126–1157)
Ferdinand II1 March 113721 August 1157 – 22 January 118822 January 1188
Alfonso IX15 August 117122 January 1188 – 23/24 September 123023/24 September 1230
Sancha1191/119223/24 September 1230 – 11 December 1230before 1243de jure
All kings hereafter were also kings of Castile
Ferdinand III the Saint30 July or 5 August 119911 December 1230 – 30 May 125230 May 1252also king of Castile from 1217, canonised in 1671
Alfonso X the Learned23 November 122130 May 1252 – 4 April 12844 April 1284
Sancho IV the Brave1257 or 12584 April 1284 – 25 April 129525 April 1295
Ferdinand IV the Summoned6 December 128525 April 1295 – 7 September 13127 September 1312
Alfonso XI the Just13 August 13117 September 1312 – 26/27 March 135026/27 March 1350
Peter the Cruel30 August 133426/27 March 1350 – 23 March 136923 March 1369

House of Trastámara

Henry II was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI. He was made duke of Trastámara.

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Henry II the Bastard13 January 13341369–137929 May 1379
John I24 August 13581379–13909 October 1390
Henry III the Infirm4 October 13791390–14061406
John II6 March 14051406–145420 July 1454
Henry IV the Impotent5 January 14251454–147411 December 1474
Isabella I the Catholic22 April 14511474–150428 November 1504
Joanna the Mad6 November 14791504–155512 April 1555She went insane in 1506. Her regents were all family members taking advantage of her illness.
Regents
Philip I the HandsomeJuly 22, 14781504–1506September 25, 1506Joanna's husband
Ferdinand V the CatholicMarch 10, 14521506–1516January 23, 1516Joanna's father
At this time (1516), the union of the Spanish kingdoms is generally called Spain and Charles I is the first King of Spain.
Charles I the Emperor24 February 15001516–155621 September 1558Joanna's son, also king in his own right

Family tree

The colors denotes the monarchs from the:

     - Astur-Leonese Dynasty;      - Jiménez dynasty;      -House of Burgundy

—— The solid lines denotes the legitimate descents

– – – - The dashed lines denotes a marriage

· · · · The dotted lines denotes the liaisons and illegitimate descents

Suggested reading

  • Barton, Simon. The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Appendix I: "The Counts of Twelfth Century León and Castile", pp. 235–302.

See also

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