List of Indian spices

Indian spices include a variety of spices grown across the Indian subcontinent (a sub-region of South Asia). With different climates in different parts of the country, India produces a variety of spices, many of which are native to the subcontinent, while others were imported from similar climates and have since been cultivated locally for centuries.

Spices are used in different forms: whole, chopped, ground, roasted, sautéed, fried, and as topping. They blend food to extract the nutrients and bind them in a palatable form. Some spices are added at the end as a flavouring and are typically heated in a pan with ghee or cooking oil before being added to a dish. Lighter spices are added last, and spices with strong flavour should be added first. "Curry" refers to any dish in Indian cuisine that contains several spices blended together, whether dry or with a gravy base. However, it also refers to Curry leaves, commonly used in South Indian cuisine.

Below is a list of spices and other flavouring substances commonly used in India.[1]

Image Standard English Hindi Telugu Notes
Alkanet Root रातीं जोट rātīṃ (rātīn) joṭ
Fennel seed[2] सौंफ/सुव्वा/शोप saunf/suvvā/śop సోంపు
Asafoetida हींग hiṃg (hing) ఇంగువ Intensely aromatic - related to Truffle and Garlic
Red Chilli लाल मिर्च lāl mirch ఎర్ర మిరప
Black cardamom काली इलायची kāli ilāyachī నల్ల యాలకులు Very earthy and darkly aromatic. A much used in North Indian curries.
White Pepper सफ़ेद मिर्च saphed mirch తెల్ల మిరియాలు
Black Pepper काली मिर्च kālī mirch మిరియాల పొడి Largest producer is the southern Indian state of Kerala.
Peppercorns काली मिर्च kālī mirch మిరియాలు
Black Cumin शाही जीरा śāhī jīrā షాజీరా Sweet, floral and smokey cumin and anise-like flavour. Smaller in size than regular cumin. Often mistaken as Caraway seed. Though English translation is black cumin, the term black cumin is also used as English translation of Nigella sativa, kalonji
Capers कचरा/कब्र/करेर kacharā/kabr/karer
Capsicum शिमला मिर्च śimalā mirch బుట్ట పచ్చిమిర్చి
Celery / Radhuni Seed अज्मुद/अज्मोदा ajmud/ajmodā
Charoli चिरोंजी chiroṃjī (chironjī) a type of nut particularly used in making desserts
Indian Bay Leaf, Bay Leaf तेज पत्ता tej pattā Both Indian bay leaf and bay leaf are similar and called as Tej Patta in Hindi. however, they are from two different species and have differences in taste
Cinnamon Buds नाग केशर nāg keśar
Cinnamon दालचीनी dālachīnī దాల్చిన చెక్క Grown commercially in Kerala in southern India. Two types, cassia (common) and royal.
Citric Acid निंबू फूल niṃbū phūl సిట్రిక్ ఆమ్లం
Cloves लवंग/लौंग lavaṃg (lavang) / lauṃg (laung) లవంగాలు Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are largest producers in India.
Coriander Powder धनिया पाउडर / पिसा धनिया dhaniyā pāuḍar / pisā dhaniyā ధనియాల పొడి
Coriander Seed धनिया dhaniyā ధనియాలు
Cubeb कबाब चीनी kabāb chīnī Tastes of Clove + Persistent Mild Numbing + Bitterness
Cumin Seed ground into balls ज़ीरा गोली zīrā (jīrā) golī
Cumin Seed ज़ीरा zīrā (jīrā) జీలకర్ర See Kali Jeera.
Curry Tree or Sweet Neem Leaf करीपत्ता / कढ़ीपत्ता karīpattā/kaḍhīpattā కరివేపాకు Cannot retain flavour when dried. Only use fresh.
Fennel Seed सौंफ / संचल sauṃph (saunph)/saṃchal (sanchal)
Fenugreek Leaf कसूरी मेथी kasūrī methī
Fenugreek Leaf मेथी पत्ता methī pattā మెంతికూర
Fenugreek Seed मेथी दाना methī dānā మెంతులు
Four Seeds तरबूज खरबूज ककडी पैंठे के बीज tarabūj kharabūj kakaḍī pauṃṭhe ke bīj Seeds of Water melon, musk melon, cucumber and pumpkin
Garcinia gummi-gutta Used in fish preparations of Kerala
Garam Masala गरम मसाला garam masālā గరం మసాలా Blend of 8+ spices. Each family has their own secret recipe.
Garcinia indica कोकम kokam
Garlic लहसुन lahasun వెల్లుల్లి
Ginger अदरक adarak అల్లం
Dried Ginger सोंठ soṃṭh (sonṭh) శొంఠి పొడి mostly powdered
Green cardamom छोटी इलाइची chhoṭī ilāichī యాలకులు Malabar variety is native to Kerala.
Indian Bedellium Tree गुगल/गु्ग्गल gugal/guggal Very earthy aromatic mostly used in religious
Indian Gooseberry आँवला āṃvalā
Jakhya जख्या Tasteless and odorless when uncooked; Earthly and crunchy when crackled in oil.
Black Salt काला नमक / संचल kālā namak / saṃchal (sanchal) Rock salt, but with very sulfury smell.
Kalpasi पत्थर के फूल patthar ke phūl Also known as black stone flower
Licorice Powder जेठीमध jeṭhīmadh
Long Pepper पिप्पलि pippali
Mango Extract कामिकी kāmikī
Sour Dried Mango Powder आमचूर / अमचुर āmachūr/amachur
Mint पुदीना 'pudīnā పుదీనా
Mustard Seed सरसों sarasoṃ ఆవాలు
Brown mustard Seed राई rāī ఎర్ర ఆవాలు
Nigella Seed कलोंजी kaloṃjī (kalomjī)
Nutmeg जैफल / जायफल jaiphal/jāyaphal Whole nuts last forever. Powder, only a month.
Mace जावित्री jāvitrī Mace is outer covering to nutmeg nut. Similar aroma.
Holy Basil तुलसी tulasī తులసి
Panch Phoron पञ्च फोरन pañch phoran This is a Bengali spice mix that combines fennel seeds, cumin seeds, fenugreek seeds, mustard seeds and nigella seeds.
Pomegranate Seed अनारदाना anārdānā Dried not fresh. Is ground in Middle East.
Poppy Seed खस-खस khas-khas గసగసాలు very popular in West Bengal known Posto, with no of Bengali cuisine, most popular Allu Posto
Fresh Hemp Cannabis भांग Bhang
Saffron Pulp केसर मिरी मिरी kesar mirī mirī Actually, safflower concentrate
Saffron केसर / जाफरान kesar/jāpharān కుంకుమ పువ్వు World's most expensive spice. Flavouring for rice.
Salt नमक namak ఉప్పు
Sesame Seed तिल til తెల్ల నువ్వులు
Star Anise चक्र फूल / बदल फुल chakra phūl/badal phul Exotic, Chinese-influenced flavours
Tamarind इमली imalī చింతపండు Provides tartness in South Indian curries
Carom/thymol seed अज़वाइन azvāin
Turmeric हल्दी haldī పసుపు Source of yellow color in many curries.
Fresh basil तुलसी tulasī తులసి
Fresh Coriander हरा धनिया harā dhaniyā కొత్తిమీర Fresh green leaves. AKA Cilantro.
Green Chili Pepper हरी मिर्च harī mirch పచ్చి మిర్చి
Gum Tragacanth कटीरा गोंद kaṭīrā goṃd (gond) A thickener and coating for desserts
Inknut Terminalia chebula हरद harad
Dried Red Chili Pepper लाल मिर्च lāl mirch ఎండు మిర్చి

See also

References

  1. About Indian spices, "", Indian spices
  2. dictionary.reference.com: anise
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.