List of Hittite kings

The dating and sequence of the Hittite kings is compiled from fragmentary records, supplemented by the recent find in Hattusa of a cache of more than 3500 seal impressions giving names and titles and genealogy of Hittite kings.[1] All dates given here are approximate, relying on synchronisms with known chronologies for neighbouring countries and Egypt.

Little is known of the rulers of the Middle Kingdom period. The sequence here still largely follows Bryce (1998),[2] but the short (or low) chronology is used.

McMahon (1989) lists Hattusili II and Tudhaliya III in inverse order. Bryce, among others, does not distinguish a Middle Kingdom. Instead he ends the Old Kingdom with Muwatalli I and begins the New Kingdom with Tudhaliya I. Nor is Tudhaliya "the Younger" generally included in Hittite king lists, as he was assassinated upon the death of his father, Tudhaliya II.


RulerReignedLineage and Key events
Pambaca. early 22nd century BC (short)King of Hatti
Pithanaca. 17th century BC (short)King of Kussara, conqueror of Neša
Piyustica. 17th century BC (short)King of Hatti, defeated by Anitta
Anittaca. 17th century BC (short)King of Kussara, destroyer of Hattusa
(Tudhaliya)Great-grandfather of Hattusili I
(PU-Sarruma)Son of Tudhaliya

Old Kingdom

RulerReignedLineage and key events
Labarna Ica. 1600–1586 BC (short)Traditional founder
Hattusili I a.k.a. Labarna IIca. 1586–1556 BC (short)Nephew/grandson(?) of Labarna; perhaps the first ruler to reoccupy Hattusa
Mursili Ica. 1556–1526 BC (short)Grandson of Hattusili I; sacked Babylon, ca. 1531
Hantili Ica. 1526–1496 BC (short)Brother-in-law of Mursili I; assassinated Mursili I
Zidanta Ica. 1496–1486 BC (short)Son-in-law of Hantili I; assassinated son/heir of Hantili I
Ammunaca. 1486–1466 BC (short)Son of Zidanta I; assassinated his father
Huzziya Ica. 1466–1461 BC (short)Son of Ammuna?
Telipinusca. 1460 BC (short)Brother-in-law of Huzziya I; usurped the throne from Huzziya

Middle Kingdom

RulerReignedLineage and key events
Alluwamnaca. mid 15th century BCSon-in-law of Telipinu
Hantili IIca. 1500-1450 B.C.Son of Alluwamna
TahurwailiUsurper. Ruled sometime between Telipinu and Zidanta II, but otherwise time is uncertain.
Zidanta IISon of Hantili II
Huzziya IISon of Zidanta II
Muwatalli Ica. 1400 BCUsurper; assassinated Huzziya II

New Kingdom (Empire)

RulerReignedLineage and key events
Tudhaliya Ica. early 14th century BC (short)Lineage is uncertain; perhaps a grandson of Zidanta II. Became king after Muwatalli I was killed.
Arnuwanda ISon-in-law of Tudhaliya I
Hattusili II (?)The existence, lineage and time of his reign is disputed
Tudhaliya IIca. 1360? – 1344 BC (short)Son of Arnuwanda (or Hattusili II?)
Tudhaliya III "the Younger"Son of Tudhaliya II; assassinated upon his father's death; he may not have ruled at all.
Suppiluliuma Ica. 1344–1322 BC (short)Son of Tudhaliya II (or Hattusili II?); expanded the empire; mentioned in the Amarna letters
Arnuwanda IIca. 1322–1321 BC (short)Son of Suppiluliuma
Mursili IIca. 1321–1295 BC (short)Son of Suppiluliuma
Muwatalli IIca. 1295–1272 BC (short)Son of Mursili II; Battle of Kadesh, ca. 1274
Mursili III a.k.a. Urhi-Teshubca. 1272–1267 BC (short)Son of Muwatalli II
Hattusili IIIca. 1267–1237 BC (short)Son of Mursili II; treaty with Egypt ca. 1258
Tudhaliya IVca. 1237–1209 BC (short)Son of Hattusili III; Battle of Nihriya
Kuruntaca. 1228–1227 BC (short)Son of Muwatalli II; his reign is uncertain; may have ruled for a very brief time in the middle of Tudhaliya's reign.
Arnuwanda IIIca. 1209–1207 BC (short)Son of Tudhaliya IV
Suppiluliuma IIca. 1207–1178 BC (short)Son of Tudhaliya IV; fall of Hattusa, ca. 1178

See also


  1. A revised kinglist is offered in Trvor Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites, rev. ed. 2005:xv.
  2. Bryce, Trevor (1998). The Kingdom of the Hittites. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-924010-4.


  • McMahon, G., Hittite History, Biblical Archaeologist 52 (1989), 62 - 77
  • Robert S. Hardy, The Old Hittite Kingdom: A Political History, The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literature, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 177–216, 1941
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