List of British Resident Ministers in Nepal

A Resident of the British Empire was a government official required to take up permanent residence in another country. A representative of his government, he officially had diplomatic functions which are often seen as a form of indirect rule. From 1802 to 1923 there were twenty British residents in Nepal[1][2][3] who directly or indirectly played a significant role in the Nepalese politics. The establishment of the British Residency in Nepal is seen as a direct effect of the eighth point of the Sugauli Treaty between the Kingdom of Nepal and the East India Company in 1816. The title of Resident was officially changed to Envoy after the Nepal–Britain Treaty of 1923.

For British representatives in Nepal since 1924, see: List of ambassadors of the United Kingdom to Nepal.

List of Residents

William Hunter Douglas Knox1802–1803
John Peter Boileau (acting)1816
Edward Gardner1816–1829
Brian Houghton Hodgson[4]1829–1831
Thomas Herbert Maddock1831–1833
Brian Houghton Hodgson1833–1843
Henry Montgomery Lawrence1843–1845
John Russell Colvin1845–1847
Charles Thoresby1847–1850
James Claudius Erskine1850–1852
George Ramsay1852–1867
Richard Charles Lawrence1867–1872
Charles Edward Ridgway Girdlestone1872–1888
Edward Law Durand1888–1891
Henry Wylie1891–1899
Archibald Mungo Muir1899
William Loch1899–1901
Thomas Caldwell Pears1901–1902
Charles Withers Ravenshaw1902–1905
John Manners Smith1905–1916
Steuart Farquharson Bayley1916–1918
William Frederick Travers1918–1923

See also


  1. Regmi, Jagdishchandra (2045 B.S.). Nepal ko Itihash. Kathmandu: Sajha Prakashan. p. 135. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  2. Acharya, Baburam (2000). Aba Esto Kailei Nahos. Kathmandu: Sajha Prakashan.
  3. Nepal, Residents. "Residents of Nepal". Nepalese history. World Statesmen.
  4. Yadav, Pitambar Lal (2053 B.S.). Nepal ko rajnaitik itihas. Benaras: Modern Deepak Press. p. 139. Check date values in: |year= (help)
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