List of Baltimore Orioles managers

In its 117-year history, the Baltimore Orioles baseball franchise of Major League Baseball's American League has employed 42 managers.[1] The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.[2] Of those 42 managers, 12 have been "player-managers";[1] specifically, they managed the team while still being signed as a player.[3] Since 1992, the team has played its home games at Oriole Park at Camden Yards.[4]

The Baltimore franchise began operations in Milwaukee, Wisconsin as the Brewers (not to be confused with the current National League team of the same name) in 1901.[5] After one season in Wisconsin under manager and Hall of Famer Hugh Duffy, the franchise moved south to St. Louis, Missouri, adopting the St. Louis Browns name and hiring a new manager, Jimmy McAleer. The Browns remained in Missouri until the end of the 1953 season, when Major League Baseball's owners elected to move the franchise to Baltimore, Maryland, where they were renamed the Orioles, after Maryland's state bird.[6]

Seven managers have taken the Orioles franchise to the post-season; Earl Weaver led the Orioles to a team-record six playoff appearances. Weaver, Hank Bauer, and Joe Altobelli are the only managers who have won a World Series championship with the club:[7] Bauer in the 1966 World Series, over the Los Angeles Dodgers;[8] Weaver in the 1970 World Series, over the Cincinnati Reds;[9] and Altobelli in the 1983 World Series, over the Philadelphia Phillies.[10] Weaver is the longest-tenured manager in franchise history, with 2,541 games of service in parts of 17 seasons (1968–1982, 1985–1986).[11] The manager with the highest winning percentage in his career with the franchise is Luman Harris, owner of a .630 winning percentage during his 27 games managed in 1961; conversely, the worst winning percentage in franchise history is .222 by Oscar Melillo, who posted a 2–7 record during the 1938 season.[1] Eight Orioles managers have been elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame, including Frank Robinson,[12] who was the first African-American manager in Major League Baseball;[13] and Rogers Hornsby, who was a member of the cross-city rival Cardinals during the franchise's tenure in St. Louis.[14]

Table key

Years
Linked to the corresponding Major League Baseball season
WPct
Winning percentage: number of wins divided by number of games managed
PA
Playoff appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the post-season
PW
Playoff wins: number of wins this manager has accrued in the post-season
PL
Playoff losses: number of losses this manager has accrued in the post-season
Pen
Pennants: number of pennants (league championships) won by the manager
WS
World Series: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager
or
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame (‡ denotes induction as manager)[15]
§
Number retired by the Baltimore Orioles franchise[16]

Managers

#[a]ManagerYearsWinsLossesWPctPAPWPLPenWSRef
1Hugh Duffy19014889.350[17]
2Jimmy McAleer19021909551632.466[18]
3Jack O'Connor191047107.305[19]
4Bobby Wallace1911191257134.298[20]
5George Stovall1912191391158.365[21]
6Jimmy Austin191326.250[22]
7Branch Rickey19131915139179.437[23]
8Fielder Jones19161918158196.446[24]
Jimmy Austin191879.438[22]
9Jimmy Burke19181920172180.489[25]
10Lee Fohl19211923226183.553[26]
Jimmy Austin19232229.431[22]
11George Sisler19241926218241.475[27]
12Dan Howley19271929220239.479[28]
13Bill Killefer19301933224329.405[29]
14Allen Sothoron193326.250[30]
15Rogers Hornsby19331937233352.398[14]
16Jim Bottomley19372156.273[31]
17Gabby Street19385390.371[32]
18Oscar Melillo193827.222[33]
19Fred Haney19391941125227.355[34]
20Luke Sewell19411946432410.51312410[35][36]
21Zack Taylor19461317.433[37]
22Muddy Ruel19475995.383[38]
Zack Taylor19481951222393.361[37]
Rogers Hornsby19522229.431[14]
23Marty Marion1952195396161.374[39]
24Jimmie Dykes195454100.351[40]
25Paul Richards19551961517539.490[41]
26Luman Harris19611710.630[42]
27Billy Hitchcock19621963163161.503[43]
28Hank Bauer19641968407318.56114011[8][44]
29Earl Weaver‡§196819821354919.5966281841[11][45][46]
[9][47][48]
[49][50][51]
[52][53]
30Joe Altobelli19831985212167.55917211[10][54][55]
31Cal Ripken, Sr.1985101.000[56]
Earl Weaver‡§19851986126141.472[11]
Cal Ripken, Sr.1987198867101.399[56]
32Frank Robinson†§19881991230285.447[12]
33Johnny Oates19911994291270.519[57]
34Phil Regan19957173.493[58]
35Davey Johnson19961997186138.574291000[59][60][61]
[62][63]
36Ray Miller19981999157167.485[64]
37Mike Hargrove20002003275372.425[65]
38Lee Mazzilli20042005129140.480[66]
39Sam Perlozzo20052007122164.427[67]
40Dave Trembley20072010187283.398[68]
41Juan Samuel20101734.333[69]
42Buck Showalter2010present622559.52726700[70][71][72]
Totals42 Managers112 Seasons8,2419,121.47512553573

Footnotes

  • a A running total of the number of Brewers'/Browns'/Orioles' managers. Thus, any manager who has two or more separate terms is only counted once.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Baltimore Orioles Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  2. "Manager: Definition | Dictionary.com". Dictionary.Reference.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2006. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
  3. Stein, Fred (2002). And the Skipper Bats Cleanup: A History of the Baseball Player-Manager, with 42 Biographies of Men Who Filled the Dual Role. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1228-3.
  4. "Orioles Ballparks". baltimore.orioles.mlb.com. MLB Advanced Media, L. P. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  5. "1901 Milwaukee Brewers Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  6. "Orioles Timeline: 1953-1969". baltimore.orioles.mlb.com. MLB Advanced Media, L. P. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  7. "Baltimore Orioles Team History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  8. 1 2 "1966 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  9. 1 2 "1970 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  10. 1 2 "1983 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  11. 1 2 3 "Earl Weaver Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  12. 1 2 "Frank Robinson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  13. "African Americans in Sports". JimCrowHistory.org. Supported by New York Life. Archived from the original on April 7, 2008. Retrieved December 14, 2008. External link in |work= (help)
  14. 1 2 3 "Rogers Hornsby Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  15. "Baseball Hall of Fame Inductees". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 28, 2008.
  16. "Orioles Retired Numbers". baltimore.orioles.mlb.com. MLB Advanced Media, L. P. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
  17. "Hugh Duffy Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  18. "Jimmy McAleer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  19. "Jack O'Connor Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  20. "Bobby Wallace Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
  21. "George Stovall Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
  22. 1 2 3 "Jimmy Austin Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  23. "Branch Rickey Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  24. "Fielder Jones Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  25. "Jimmy Burke Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  26. "Lee Fohl Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  27. "George Sisler Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  28. "Dan Howley Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  29. "Bill Killefer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  30. "Allen Sothoron Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  31. "Jim Bottomley Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  32. "Gabby Street Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  33. "Ski Melilli Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  34. "Fred Haney Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  35. "Luke Sewell Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  36. "1944 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  37. 1 2 "Zack Taylor Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  38. "Muddy Ruel Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  39. "Marty Marion Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  40. "Jimmie Dykes Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  41. "Paul Richards Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  42. "Lum Harris Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  43. "Billy Hitchcock Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  44. "Hank Bauer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  45. "1969 AL Championship Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  46. "1969 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  47. "1970 AL Championship Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  48. "1971 AL Championship Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  49. "1971 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  50. "1973 AL Championship Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  51. "1974 AL Championship Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  52. "1979 AL Championship Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  53. "1979 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  54. "Joe Altobelli Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  55. "1983 AL Championship Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  56. 1 2 "Cal Ripken Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  57. "Johnny Oates Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  58. "Phil Regan Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  59. "Davey Johnson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  60. "1996 AL Division Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  61. "1996 AL Championship Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  62. "1997 AL Division Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  63. "1997 AL Championship Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  64. "Ray Miller Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  65. "Mike Hargrove Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  66. "Lee Mazzilli Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  67. "Sam Perlozzo Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 14, 2008.
  68. "Dave Trembley Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  69. "Juan Samuel Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  70. "Buck Showalter Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  71. "2012 AL Wild Card Game". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
  72. "2012 AL Division Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved December 18, 2012.

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