Maximum extent of the Nanyue kingdom
|Modern day-location||Guangdong, Guangxi, and Hainan, modern northern Vietnam (Annam)|
Lingnan (simplified Chinese: 岭南; traditional Chinese: 嶺南; pinyin: lǐng nán; Jyutping: ling5 naam4; literally: "South of the Nanling Mountains") is a geographic area referring to the lands in the south of the Nanling Mountains. The region covers the modern Chinese provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, and Hainan as well as modern northern Vietnam.
The area was inhabited by the Baiyue and was the base of the ancient Nanyue. At that time, Lingnan was considered as a barbarian land and it had loose contact with the Zhongyuan, which was the cultural cradle of Chinese culture.