Lilongwe

Lilongwe


National Assembly (Parliament) building, King's African Rifles War Memorial, Downtown Lilongwe
Lilongwe
Location of Lilongwe
Coordinates: 13°59′S 33°47′E / 13.983°S 33.783°E / -13.983; 33.783Coordinates: 13°59′S 33°47′E / 13.983°S 33.783°E / -13.983; 33.783
Country Malawi
Region Central Region
District Lilongwe
Government
  Mayor Desmond Bikoko [1]
Area
  Total 727.79 km2 (281.00 sq mi)
Elevation 1,050 m (3,440 ft)
Population (2015)National Statistical Office of Malawi
  Total 1,077,116
  Density 1,482/km2 (3,840/sq mi)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
Climate Cwa
Website www.llcitycouncil.org

Lilongwe (/lɪˈlɒŋw/, US also /-wi/; Chewa: [ɽiˈɽo.ᵑɡʷe]) is the capital city of Malawi with an estimated population of 1,077,116 for 2015. The city is located in the central region of Malawi, near the borders with Mozambique and Zambia, and it is an important economic and transportation hub for central Malawi.[2] It is named after the Lilongwe River.

History

Lilongwe had existed for centuries as a small fishing village on the banks of the Lilongwe River. During British Colonial Rule, the settlement became an administrative centre due to its strategic location. Formally founded in 1906[3] as a trading post, Lilongwe was officially recognised as a town in 1947.[4] After gaining independence, it increasingly developed into an important trading centre in Malawi's central region. Its growth was encouraged when the country's then leader, Hastings Kamuzu Banda, established it as Malawi's new capital city in 1975.[5] The last government offices were relocated to Lilongwe in 2005.[6] The city's population is increasing rapidly, with an annual growth rate of 4.3%.[2]

Politics

Local government

Lilongwe is governed by Lilongwe City Council, which is dominated by Malawi congress party

Parliament

The Malawian parliament is in Lilongwe. It was built by the Chinese.

Demographics

Year Population[2][7]
196619,425
197798,718
1987382,218
1998674,448
20081,077,116
20151,583,021
2020 (projected)1,824,314

Geography

Topography

Lilongwe is located on a plateau in Central Malawi, forming part of the East African Rift Valley situated at an altitude of 1,050 m (3,440 ft) above sea level, along Lilongwe River.

Climate

Lilongwe features a humid subtropical climate that borders on a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwa), with pleasantly warm summers and mild winters. Due to the altitude, temperatures are lower than would be expected for a city located in the tropics. Lilongwe features a short wet season that runs from December to March and a lengthy dry season that covers much of the remainder of the year, particularly June and July which are cooler than the rest of the year. However, the city sees heavy downpours during its rainy season, seeing around 200 millimetres (7.9 in) of rain in a month during the wettest months.

Climate data for Lilongwe (extremes 1981–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.5
(90.5)
31.2
(88.2)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
31.5
(88.7)
28.0
(82.4)
29.2
(84.6)
29.5
(85.1)
33.1
(91.6)
34.5
(94.1)
34.2
(93.6)
32.4
(90.3)
34.5
(94.1)
Average high °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
23.2
(73.8)
22.0
(71.6)
21.4
(70.5)
22.6
(72.7)
25.9
(78.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.3
(81.1)
25.6
(78.1)
24.6
(76.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
21.1
(70)
21.1
(70)
20.2
(68.4)
18.3
(64.9)
16.2
(61.2)
16.1
(61)
17.3
(63.1)
20.6
(69.1)
22.4
(72.3)
22.9
(73.2)
21.8
(71.2)
19.8
(67.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.3
(63.1)
15.8
(60.4)
13.1
(55.6)
10.1
(50.2)
9.9
(49.8)
11.1
(52)
13.8
(56.8)
16.8
(62.2)
18.5
(65.3)
18.3
(64.9)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) 11.8
(53.2)
11.7
(53.1)
11.3
(52.3)
8.1
(46.6)
3.0
(37.4)
0.5
(32.9)
0.1
(32.2)
1.4
(34.5)
5.1
(41.2)
7.9
(46.2)
10.0
(50)
11.8
(53.2)
0.1
(32.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 223
(8.78)
187
(7.36)
128
(5.04)
44
(1.73)
12
(0.47)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
10
(0.39)
63
(2.48)
199
(7.83)
869
(34.21)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 18 16 15 8 4 1 1 1 0 2 8 17 91
Average relative humidity (%) 83 83 82 78 74 69 65 60 52 53 62 78 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 136.4 144.1 170.5 213.0 263.5 243.0 241.8 263.5 294.0 282.1 234.0 139.5 2,625.4
Mean daily sunshine hours 4.4 5.1 5.5 7.1 8.5 8.1 7.8 8.5 9.8 9.1 7.8 4.5 7.2
Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst[8]
Source #2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[9]

Divisions

Lilongwe is divided into a New and Old City. The former hosts hotels, embassies, governmental institutions and offices while the latter has markets, bus stations, cafes and restaurants. The modern shops of the City are contrasted by the street and walled markets of Old Town.[5]

Economy

See also: Economy of Malawi

While Blantyre is the commercial Capital of Malawi, Lilongwe's economy is dominated by the government and public institutions. Kanengo, in the north of the city, is the main industrial area, where food processing, tobacco storage and sales, maize storage, and other activities related to light industry take place. Finance, banking, retail trade, construction, transport, public administration, tourism, and tobacco manufacturing are the main economic activities in the city. 76 percent of Lilongwe's population live in informal settlements, while poverty stands at 25 percent and unemployment at 16 percent.[6] The civil service employs about 27 percent of all formal workers, while 40 percent work in the private sector and 2 percent are self-employed.[2]

Society and culture

Leisure and entertainment

A variety of bars and night clubs offer opportunities for live music and parties.[10]

Transportation

Airport

Lilongwe International Airport (LLW) is located to the north of the city.[11]

Buses

There are regular bus services from Lilongwe to Blantyre, Zomba, Kasungu and Mzuzu.[12]

Rail

There is a rail service to Lilongwe. To the west the line runs towards Zambia, and to the east to Salima.[13]

Education

There are 38 private and 66 public primary schools with a total of 103,602 pupils as well as 29 secondary schools with 30,795 students in Lilongwe.[2]

Sports

A new national stadium with a capacity of 40,000 has been constructed with the help of a $70 million loan from the Government of the People's Republic of China.[14]

House numbering and suburbs

Areas

The city of Lilongwe is divided into areas which are assigned a number. The numbers are assigned chronologically, not geographically, so Area 1 would be the first area, Area 2 the second and so on.

House Numbers

Houses in Lilongwe are given a number: Area number / random number. So a house in Area 43 might be called 43/123.

Twin towns – sister cities

Lilongwe is twinned with:

References

  1. "Malawi Mayoral polls: MCP's Bikoko elected mayor for Lilongwe City Council, promises forensic audit for past three financial years". MaraviPost.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 http://www.zaragoza.es/contenidos/medioambiente/onu//issue06/1136-eng.pdf
  3. "Lilongwe Malawi – Travel Guide – Tourist Information". wawamalawi.com.
  4. "Lilongwe". expertafrica.com.
  5. 1 2 "Lilongwe – Malawi Tourism – Malawi Safari – Malawi Attractions". malawitourism.com.
  6. 1 2 "Malawi Reports: Urban Profiles of Blantyre, Lilongwe, Mzuzu and Zomba". UrbanAfrica.Net.
  7. http://media.wix.com/ugd/672989_62cfa13ec4ba47788f78ad660489a2fa.pdf
  8. "Klimatafel von Lilongwe (Int. Flugh. Kamuzu) / Malawi" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  9. "Station Lilongwe" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  10. "Entertainment in Lilongwe". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  11. "(LLW) Lilongwe International Airport". flightstats.com.
  12. "Getting there & away". Lilongwe. Lonely Planet. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  13. "(Malawi Rail Map)" (PDF). Railroad Development Corporation. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  14. "Malawi, China sign loan agreement to construct new stadium". Malawi Nyasa Times – Malawi breaking news in Malawi. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  15. "Taipei City Council". tcc.gov.tw.
  16. "Zambia: Lusaka, Lilongwe Cities Twin". 20 August 2004. Retrieved 1 April 2018 via AllAfrica.
  • Gerke, W.J.C. & Viljoen, Charl J. Master Plan for Lilongwe the Capital City of Malawi (Johannesburg: Swan Publishing, 1968)

Lilongwe travel guide from Wikivoyage

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