Lichfield (UK Parliament constituency)

Lichfield
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Lichfield in Staffordshire.
Location of Staffordshire within England.
County Staffordshire
Electorate 73,085 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of parliament Michael Fabricant (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Mid Staffordshire, Cannock & Burntwood, South East Staffordshire and Burton[2]
18851950
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Lichfield and Tamworth
1305–1885
Number of members Two until 1868, then One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Lichfield is a constituency[n 1] in Staffordshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 1997 recreation by Michael Fabricant, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries

1918-1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Lichfield and Tamworth, the Urban Districts of Perry Bar and Rugeley, the Rural District of Lichfield, and parts of the Rural Districts of Tamworth and Walsall.

1997-2010: The District of Lichfield wards of All Saints, Alrewas, Armitage with Handsacre, Boney Hay, Central, Chadsmead, Chase Terrace, Chasetown, Colton and Ridwares, Curborough, Hammerwich, Highfield, King’s Bromley, Leomansley, Longdon, Redslade, St John's, Stowe, Summerfield, and Whittington, and the Borough of East Staffordshire wards of Bagots and Yoxall.

2010-present: The District of Lichfield wards of All Saints, Alrewas and Fradley, Armitage with Handsacre, Boley Park, Boney Hay, Burntwood Central, Chadsmead, Chase Terrace, Chasetown, Colton and Mavesyn Ridware, Curborough, Hammerwich, Highfield, King’s Bromley, Leomansley, Longdon, St John’s, Stowe, Summerfield, and Whittington, and the Borough of East Staffordshire wards of Bagots, Needwood, and Yoxall.

The constituency includes the northern and central parts of the Lichfield local government district, including the cathedral city of Lichfield itself, Burntwood, and also the south-western portion of East Staffordshire district, including Yoxall, Barton-under-Needwood, and Abbots Bromley.

History

The city was represented at most parliaments between 1305 (10 years after the Model Parliament), in 1327 and again in 1353, but it then ceased to be represented until the mid 16th century, from when it sent two burgesses as members to Parliament until 1664, when representation was temporarily reduced to one member during The Protectorate (ended 1680), and again in 1868, when representation was permanently reduced to one. The constituency was abolished in 1950 but reconstituted, still as a single-member constituency, in 1997.

Constituency profile

This area has very little dependence on social housing and has low unemployment compared to other areas.[3] In 2010 Michael Fabricant obtained the 52nd highest Conservative share of the vote, out of 650 seats, although in 1997 it was only held by a majority of 238 votes.[4] In 2010 The Guardian described the constituency as a "pleasant cathedral city on border of West Midlands and the Potteries."[5]

Members of Parliament

MPs 1305–1660

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1313William of Lichfield
1320William the Taverner
1326/7Stephen le Blount
1529William Paget, 1st Baron Paget
1547William Layton, died
and replaced by Jan 1552 by
Alexander Walker
Edmund Twyneho[6]
1553 (Mar)Mark WyrleyWilliam Fitzherbert[6]
1553 (Oct)Sir Philip DraycottJohn Giffard[6]
1554 (Apr)Henry VernonJohn Taylor[6]
1554 (Nov)Mark WyrleyThomas Edwards[6]
1555Thomas EdwardsFrancis Bulstrode[6]
1558Robert WestonRichard Cupper[6]
1559 (Jan)Sir Henry PagetRobert Weston[7]
1562/3Sir Henry PagetMichael Pulteney[7]
1571Edward FitzgeraldWilliam Timperley[7]
1572Edward FitzgeraldArthur Bedell[7]
1584 (Nov)Richard BrowneJames Weston[7]
1586 (Sep)Richard BroughtonJohn Goodman[7]
1588 (Oct)Richard BroughtonRichard Huddleston[7]
1593Sir John WingfieldRichard Broughton[7]
1597 (Oct)Joseph OldsworthWilliam Fowkes[7]
1601Anthony DyottRobert Browne[7]
1604Anthony DyottThomas Crewe
1614Sir John Egerton, died
and replaced by
Anthony Dyott
William Wingfield
1621William WingfieldRichard Weston
1624Sir Simon WestonSir John Suckling, sat for Middlesex
and replaced by
William Wingfield
1625Richard DyottWilliam Wingfield
1626Richard DyottWilliam Wingfield
1628Sir Richard DyottSir William Walter
1629–1640No Parliaments convened
1640 (Apr)Sir Walter DevereuxSir Richard Dyott
1640 (Nov)Sir Walter Devereux died 1641
and replaced by
Sir Richard Cave, Royalist
disabled 1642
[8]
Michael Noble
1645Michael NobleMichael Biddulph of Elmhurst
1648Michael Noble, died 1649one member only
1653Lichfield not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654Thomas Minorsone member only
1656Thomas Minorsone member only
1659Daniel Watson of Burton upon Trent[mpnotes 1]Thomas Minors

MPs 1660–1868

ElectionFirst member[9]First partySecond member[9]Second party
1660 Apr Michael Biddulph Daniel Watson
1660 May Thomas Minors
1661 John Lane Sir Theophilus Biddulph, Bt
1667 Richard Dyott
1678 Sir Henry Lyttelton, Bt
1679 Feb Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1679 Aug Daniel Finch
later 2nd Earl of Nottingham
1685 Thomas Orme Richard Leveson
1689 Robert Burdett Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1690 Richard Dyott
1695 Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1698 Richard Dyott
1701 Jan William Walmisley
1701 Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1705 Sir Henry Gough Tory
1708 John Cotes Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1710 Richard Dyott
1715 Walter Chetwynd Samuel Hill
1718 Apr William Sneyd
1718 Dec Walter Chetwynd
1722 Richard Plumer
1731 by-election [mpnotes 2] George Venables-Vernon
later Baron Vernon
1734 Rowland Hill
1741 Sir Lister Holte, Bt
1747 Richard Leveson-Gower Thomas Anson
1753 Nov by-election [mpnotes 3] Sir Thomas Gresley, Bt [mpnotes 4]
1754 Jan [mpnotes 4] Henry Vernon
1754 Apr Viscount Trentham
later Marquess of Stafford
1755 by-election [mpnotes 5] Henry Vernon
1761 John Levett [mpnotes 6]
Feb 1762 [mpnotes 6] Hugo Meynell
1768 Thomas Gilbert Whig
1770 by-election [mpnotes 7] George Adams then Anson
1789 by-election [mpnotes 8] Thomas Anson
later Viscount Anson
Whig
1795 by-election [mpnotes 9] Lord Granville Leveson-Gower
later Earl Granville
Whig
1799 by-election Sir John Wrottesley, Bt Whig
1806 Feb by-election [mpnotes 10] Sir George Anson Whig[10]
1806 Nov George Granville Venables Vernon Whig
1831 Sir Edward Scott, Bt Whig
1837 Lord Alfred Paget Whig[11][10][12]
1841 by-election Lord Leveson
later Earl Granville
Whig
1846 by-election Edward Lloyd-Mostyn
later Baron Mostyn
Whig
1847 Viscount Anson
later 2nd Earl of Lichfield
Whig[13]
1854 by-election The Lord Waterpark Whig[14][15]
1856 by-election Viscount Sandon
later Earl of Harrowby
Independent Liberal[16][17]
1859 Liberal Augustus Anson Liberal
1865 Richard Dyott Conservative
1868 representation reduced to one member

MPs 1868–1950

ElectionMember[9]Party
1868 Richard Dyott continuing Conservative
1880 by-election Theophilus John Levett Conservative
1885 Parliamentary borough abolished

Lichfield division of Staffordshire

MPs 1885–1950

ElectionMemberParty
1885 Sir John Swinburne Liberal
1892 Leonard Darwin Liberal Unionist
1895 Henry Charles Fulford Liberal
1896 by-election Sir Courtenay Warner Liberal
1919 Coalition Liberal
1922 National Liberal
1923 Frank Hodges Labour
1924 Roy Wilson Conservative
1929 James Lovat-Fraser Labour
1931 National Labour
1938 Cecil Poole Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Lichfield county constituency

MPs since 1997

ElectionMemberParty
1997 Michael Fabricant[n 3] Conservative

Notes

  1. [http||//www.british–history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42347 Lichfield|| Parliamentary representation', A History of the County of Stafford|| Volume 14|| Lichfield (1990), pp. 92–95. Date accessed|| 11 September 2008]
  2. The by-election in 1731 was caused by the appointment of Walter Chetwynd as Governor of Barbados
  3. The by-election in November 1753 was caused by the death of Richard Leveson-Gower
  4. 1 2 Sir Thomas Gresley's victory at the by-election in November 1753 was overturned on petition on 29 Jan 1754 in favour of Henry Vernon
  5. The by-election in 1755 was caused when Viscount Trentham succeeded to the peerage as Earl Gower
  6. 1 2 At the general election in 1761, Thomas Anson (MP) and John Levett were declared elected. However, a petition was lodged, and Levett's election was overturned on 1 February 1762 in favour of Hugo Meynell
  7. The by-election in 1770 was caused by the resignation of Thomas Anson
  8. The by-election in 1789 was caused by the death of George Anson
  9. The by-election in 1795 was caused by the resignation of Thomas Gilbert
  10. The by-election in February 1806 was caused by the elevation to the peerage of Thomas Anson. Source:"No. 15896". The London Gazette. 4 March 1806. pp. 296–297.

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2017: Lichfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 34,018 63.6 8.4
Labour Chris Worsey 15,437 28.8 9.0
Liberal Democrat Paul Ray 2,653 5.0 0.6
Green Robert Pass 1,416 2.6 1.2
Majority 18,581 34.7 0.6
Turnout 53,524 72.1 2.8
Conservative hold Swing 0.3
General Election 2015: Lichfield[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 28,389 55.2 0.8
Labour Chris Worsey 10,200 19.8
UKIP John Rackham 8,082 15.7 10.0
Liberal Democrat Paul Ray 2,700 5.6 14.9
Green Robert Pass 1,976 3.8 3.8
Class War Andy Bennetts 120 0.2 0.2
Majority 18,189 35.3 2.7
Turnout 51,467 69.3 1.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2010: Lichfield[20][21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 28,048 54.4 5.7
Liberal Democrat Ian Jackson 10,365 20.1 4.2
Labour Steve Hyden 10,230 19.8 12.4
UKIP Karen Maunder 2,920 5.7 2.4
Majority 17,683 34.3 18.1
Turnout 51,563 71.0 4.32
Conservative hold Swing 0.7

Elections in the 2000s

General Election 2005: Lichfield[23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 21,274 48.6 0.5
Labour Nigel Gardner 14,194 32.4 6.1
Liberal Democrat Ian Jackson 6,804 15.6 4.9
UKIP Malcolm McKenzie 1,472 3.4 1.8
Majority 7,080 16.2 5.6
Turnout 43,744 66.7 0.8
Conservative hold Swing 2.8
General Election 2001: Lichfield[25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 20,480 49.1 6.2
Labour Martin Machray 16,054 38.5 3.9
Liberal Democrat Phil Bennion 4,462 10.7 0.6
UKIP John Phazey 684 1.6 N/A
Majority 4,426 10.6 10.1
Turnout 41,680 65.9 11.5
Conservative hold Swing 5.05

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1997: Lichfield[27][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 20,853 42.9 N/A
Labour Susan Woodward 20,615 42.4 N/A
Liberal Democrat Phil Bennion 5,473 11.3 N/A
Referendum George Seward 1,652 3.4 N/A
Majority 238 0.5 N/A
Turnout 48,593 77.5 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1945: Lichfield[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Cecil Poole 42,806 55.18 1.40
National Beresford Craddock 26,235 33.82 N/A
Liberal Richard Anthony Lamb 8,533 11.00 N/A
Majority 16,571 21.36 N/A
Turnout 77,574 71.52 7.35
Labour gain from National Labour Swing 16.21

Elections in the 1930s

1938 by-election: Lichfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Cecil Poole 23,856 51.18 4.96
National Labour Beresford Craddock 22,760 48.82 4.96
Majority 1096 2.36 N/A
Turnout 46,616 68.49 3.68
Labour gain from National Labour Swing 4.96
General Election 1935: Lichfield[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Labour James Lovat-Fraser 23,489 53.78 9.03
Labour GH Jones 20,191 46.22 9.03
Majority 3,298 7.55 18.07
Turnout 43,680 64.17 9.56
National Labour hold Swing 9.03
General Election 1931: Lichfield[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Labour James Lovat-Fraser 26,669 62.81 N/A
Labour GH Jones 15,790 37.19 5.41
Majority 10,879 25.62 N/A
Turnout 42,459 73.73
National Labour gain from Labour Swing 34.11

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1929: Lichfield [31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Lovat-Fraser 14,965 42.6 3.6
Unionist S Samuel 11,511 32.8 21.0
Liberal Etienne Bruno de Hamel 8,643 24.6 N/A
Majority 3,454 9.8 N/A
Turnout 35,119 80.0 0.3
Registered electors 43,888
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +8.7
General Election 1924: Lichfield [31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Roy Wilson 14,588 53.8 +14.1
Labour Frank Hodges 12,512 46.2 2.3
Majority 2,076 7.6 N/A
Turnout 27,100 80.3 +10.6
Registered electors 33,751
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +8.2
General Election 1923: Lichfield [31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Hodges 11,029 48.5 +1.7
Unionist Roy Wilson 9,010 39.7 N/A
Liberal Thomas Evans Morris 2,683 11.8 41.4
Majority 2,019 8.8 N/A
Turnout 22,722 69.7 +7.7
Registered electors 32,580
Labour gain from National Liberal Swing +21.6
General Election 1922: Lichfield [31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal Courtenay Warner 10,594 53.2 10.4
Labour Walter John French 9,316 46.8 +10.4
Majority 1,278 6.4 20.8
Turnout 19,910 62.0 +10.5
Registered electors 32,100
National Liberal gain from Liberal Swing 10.4

Election results 1885-1918

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1885: Lichfield [32][33][34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Swinburne 4,126 57.8 8.5
Conservative Tonman Mosley 3,013 42.2 8.5
Majority 1,113 15.6 N/A
Turnout 7,139 80.7 1.4
Registered electors 8,842
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing 8.5
General Election 1886: Lichfield [32][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Swinburne 3,398 55.1 2.7
Liberal Unionist Thomas Anson 2,765 44.9 2.7
Majority 633 10.2 5.4
Turnout 6,163 69.7 11.0
Registered electors 8,842
Liberal hold Swing 2.7

Elections in the 1890s

General Election 1892: Lichfield [32][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Leonard Darwin 3,575 50.1 5.2
Liberal John Swinburne 3,564 49.9 5.2
Majority 11 0.2 N/A
Turnout 7,139 81.4 11.7
Registered electors 8,768
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing 5.2
General Election 1895: Lichfield [32][33][35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Fulford 3,902 50.3 0.4
Liberal Unionist Leonard Darwin 3,858 49.7 0.4
Majority 44 0.6 N/A
Turnout 7,760 85.1 3.7
Registered electors 9,123
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing 0.4
  • Fulford's election voided on petition
Lichfield by-election, 1896 [32][33][35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Courtenay Warner 4,483 53.1 2.8
Liberal Unionist Leonard Darwin 3,955 46.9 2.8
Majority 528 6.2 5.6
Turnout 8,438 90.3 5.2
Registered electors 9,348
Liberal hold Swing 2.8

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1900: Lichfield [32][33][35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Courtenay Warner 4,300 55.2 4.9
Conservative William Bealey Harrison 3,485 44.8 4.9
Majority 815 10.4 9.8
Turnout 7,785 81.0 4.1
Registered electors 9,608
Liberal hold Swing 4.9
General Election 1906: Lichfield [32][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Courtenay Warner 5,421 64.4 9.2
Liberal Unionist Robert Grosvenor 2,991 35.6 9.2
Majority 2,430 28.8 18.4
Turnout 8,412 83.1 2.1
Registered electors 10,123
Liberal hold Swing 9.2

Elections in the 1910s

General Election January 1910: Lichfield [32][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Courtenay Warner 5,220 54.5 9.5
Liberal Unionist George Coates 4,353 45.5 9.5
Majority 867 9.0 19.0
Turnout 89.4 6.3
Liberal hold Swing 9.5
General Election December 1910: Lichfield [32][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Courtenay Warner 5,058 54.6 0.1
Conservative Arthur Chetwynd 4,213 45.4 0.1
Majority 845 9.2 0.2
Turnout 86.6 2.8
Liberal hold Swing 0.1

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Lichfield[31][38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal Courtenay Warner 9,677 63.6 9.0
Labour Thomas Riley 5,548 36.4 N/A
Majority 4,129 27.2 18.0
Turnout 15,225 51.5 35.1
Registered electors 29,535
Liberal hold Swing 9.0
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Election results 1868-1885

Elections in the 1860s

General Election 1868: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Dyott 525 52.6 19.1
Liberal Augustus Anson 474 47.4 19.1
Majority 51 5.1 1.2
Turnout 999 75.7 15.2
Registered electors 1,320
Conservative hold Swing 19.1

Elections in the 1870s

General Election 1874: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Dyott 571 56.5 3.9
Liberal Charles Simpson[40] 440 43.5 3.9
Majority 131 13.0 7.9
Turnout 1,011 77.1 1.4
Registered electors 1,312
Conservative hold Swing 3.9

Elections in the 1880s

General Election 1880: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Richard Dyott 553 50.7 5.8
Liberal John Swinburne 537 49.3 5.8
Majority 16 1.5 11.5
Turnout 1,090 79.3 2.2
Registered electors 1,374
Conservative hold Swing 5.8

The 1880 election was declared void on petition.

By-election, 19 Jul 1880: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Theophilus John Levett 578 51.5 0.8
Liberal John Swinburne 544 48.5 0.8
Majority 34 3.0 1.5
Turnout 1,122 81.7 2.4
Registered electors 1,374
Conservative hold Swing 0.8

Election results 1832-1868

Elections in the 1850s

General Election 1852: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Thomas Anson 369 40.4 N/A
Whig Alfred Paget 320 35.0 N/A
Conservative Robert Bayly Follett[41] 224 24.5 N/A
Majority 96 10.5 N/A
Turnout 569 (est) 68.0 (est) N/A
Registered electors 836
Whig hold Swing N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A

Paget was appointed Chief Equerry and Clerk Marshal to Queen Victoria, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 5 January 1853: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Alfred Paget Unopposed
Whig hold

Anson succeeded to the peerage, becoming 2nd Earl of Lichfield, causing a by-election.

By-election, 9 May 1854: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Cavendish Unopposed
Whig hold

Cavendish resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 30 May 1856: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal Dudley Ryder Unopposed
Independent Liberal gain from Whig
General Election 1857: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Alfred Paget Unopposed
Independent Liberal Dudley Ryder Unopposed
Registered electors 600
Whig hold
Independent Liberal gain from Whig
General Election 1859: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Paget Unopposed
Liberal Augustus Anson Unopposed
Registered electors 737
Liberal hold
Liberal gain from Independent Liberal

Paget was appointed Chief Equerry and Clerk Marshal to Queen Victoria, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 6 July 1859: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alfred Paget Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s

General Election 1865: Lichfield [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Augustus Anson 302 39.3 N/A
Conservative Richard Dyott 257 33.5 N/A
Liberal Alfred Paget 209 27.2 N/A
Turnout 513 (est) 90.9 (est) N/A
Registered electors 564
Majority 45 5.9 N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Majority 48 6.3 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
    Before 1885 Lichfield was a parliamentary borough as an original a borough constituency.
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. Previously MP for Mid Staffordshire (1992-1997), which included the city of Lichfield (in addition to Rugeley and Stone)
References
  1. "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. "'Lichfield', May 1997 -". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 1 June 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
  3. "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
  4. "Electoral Commission - Previous UK general elections". www.electoralcommission.org.uk.
  5. "Politics". the Guardian.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-09.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-09.
  8. Cave was a royalist chosen by Prince Rupert and removed by resolution of the House of Commons
  9. 1 2 3 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 2)
  10. 1 2 Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1837). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 130, 201. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  11. Bloy, Marjorie (12 January 2016). "Henry William Paget, first Marquis of Anglesey (1768-1854)". A Web of English History. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018.
  12. "The Elections". Sherborne Mercury. 31 July 1837. p. 2. Retrieved 19 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  13. "South Staffordshire Election". Birmingham Journal. 24 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 19 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  14. The Spectator, Volume 14. F. C. Westley. 1841. p. 561. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  15. "Waterpark, Baron (I, 1792)". Cracroft's Peerage. Heraldic Media. 23 November 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  16. "Political Notabilia". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 31 May 1856. p. 3. Retrieved 19 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  17. "Lichfield". Staffordshire Advertiser. 24 May 1856. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 19 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  18. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  19. http://www.lichfielddc.gov.uk/elections2015
  20. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  21. "UK General Election results May 2010". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  22. "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Lichfield". news.bbc.co.uk.
  23. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  24. "UK General Election results May 2005". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  25. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. 1 2 "UK General Election results May 1997 and June 2001". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  27. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  28. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results July 1945". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  29. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results November 1935". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  30. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results October 1931". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  31. 1 2 3 4 5 British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  32. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  33. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  34. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  35. 1 2 3 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  36. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  37. Walsall Observer and South Staffordshire Chronicle, 18 Jul 1914
  38. Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1922
  39. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  40. "Election Nominations". Edinburgh Evening News. 31 January 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 4 January 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
  41. "Lichfield Election". Morning Advertiser. 9 July 1852. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 19 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).

Sources

  • Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844–1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 297–299. ISBN 0-900178-13-2. 
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 185–186. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 388. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 464. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
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