Liberalism and centrism in Finland
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This article gives an overview of liberalism and centrism in Finland. It is limited to liberal and centrist parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ means a reference to another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.
Liberalism was a major force in Finland since 1894. After independence the current gradually decreased. A major other force, agrarianism, choose in 1965 to develop itself into a more centrist current. The liberal character of the Finnish Center (Suomen Keskusta), member of LI and ELDR, is based on liberal ideas like decentralization, peasant-like freedom and progressivism. The Swedish minority party Swedish People's Party (Svenska Folkpartiet i Finland) is also a member of LI, ELDR. The original liberal current is now organized in the Liberals (Liberaalit), a very small extra-parliamentary party. At the autonomous island of Åland the Liberals for Åland (Liberalerna på Åland) are a dominant force.
Liberal Club / Liberal Party
From Young Finnish Party to Liberals
- 1894: Constitutionalist fennomans organized into the Young Finnish faction within the Finnish Party (Nuorsuomalainen Puolue)
- 1905: The Young Finnish Party secedes from the Finnish Party.
- 1918: The Republican factions of the two Finnish parties reorganise into the Progressive Party (Kansallinen Edistyspuolue)
- 1951: The Progressive Party falls apart into the Finnish People's Party (Suomen Kansanpuolue) and the ⇒ Free-minded League (Vapaamielisten liitto)
- 1965: The People's Party and the ⇒ Free-minded League reunite into the Liberal People's Party (Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue)
- 1982: The Liberal People's Party associated itself with the ⇒ Centre Party, whilst some liberal youth activists join the Greens.
- 1983: The Liberal People's Party loses all of seats in the Parliament for the first time.
- 1986: The Liberal People's Party disassociated itself from the ⇒ Centre Party
- 1991: The Liberal People's Party returns to parliament with one MP.
- 1995: The Liberal People's Party loses its only MP.
- 2000: The Liberal People's Party renames itself Liberals (Liberaalit)
- 2007: Removed from the party registry after failing to get a seat in two consecutive parliamentary elections
Swedish People's Party
- 1917: Progressive liberals formed the People's Party (Finland) (Kansanpuolue)
- 1918: The People's Party merged into the ⇒ National Progressive Party
- 1951: The ⇒ National Progressive Party fell apart and the Free-minded League (Vapaamielisten Liitto) is formed
- 1965: The League merged with the ⇒ Finnish People's Party into the ⇒ Liberal People's Party
Centre Party / Finnish Centre
Liberal and centrist leaders
In the Contributions to liberal theory the following Finnish thinker is included:
- Mylly, Juhani. Maalaisliitto-Keskustan historia II. http://www.hs.fi/kirjat/artikkeli/Suomen+keskustanv%C3%A4kev%C3%A4+nuoruusMaalaisliiton+historian+toinen+osa+on+j%C3%A4rjest%C3%B6historian+eliitti%C3%A4/900525165
- Liberaalisen puolueen ohjelma (Program of the Liberal Party, approved in November 1880). Finnish: