Liberal International

Liberal International
Liberal International logo
Abbreviation LI
Formation April 1947, constituted with the Oxford Manifesto
Type Federation
Purpose World federation of liberal political parties and organisations
Headquarters National Liberal Club
Location
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
104 (From October 2009)
President
Juli Minoves
Main organ
Congress of Liberal International
Website www.liberal-international.org

Liberal International (LI) is a political international federation for liberal political parties.

Its headquarters is located at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the National Liberal Club. It was founded in Oxford in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. The Oxford Manifesto describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.

Aims

The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as

to win general acceptance of Liberal principles which are international in their nature throughout the world, and to foster the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice, and to provide the means of co-operation and interchange of information between the member organisations, and between men and women of all countries who accept these principles.

The principles that unite member parties from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe are: respect for human rights, free and fair elections and multi-party democracy, social justice, tolerance, market economy, free trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international solidarity.

The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997 and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.[1]

Bureau

The 13th president of Liberal International is Juli Minoves of the Liberal Party of Andorra (PLA), formerly Andorra's foreign minister and representative to the United Nations. Minoves succeeded to Hans van Baalen, leader of the delegation and spokesperson on Foreign Affairs and Defence for the Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the European Parliament.

Former Presidents include Lord John Alderdice, Dutch politician and former European Commissioner Frits Bolkestein, German politician Otto Graf Lambsdorff, and Spain's first democratically elected prime minister after the Franco dictatorship Adolfo Suárez.

Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Helen Zille, and Vice Presidents Cecilia Wikström MEP, Dzhevdet Chakarov MP, Baroness Falkner of Margravine, Kasit Piromya, Markus Löning, and treasurers Robert Woodthorpe Browne MBE and Shih-chung Liu. The secretary general is Emil Kirjas, a former president of the International Federation of Liberal Youth.

Publications

Liberal International has two main publications:

  • LI-news,[2] a weekly dossier of news items that are relevant to the organisation's member parties or cooperating organisations;
  • Liberal Matters, a magazine published several times a year highlighting a particular liberal issue.

Oxford Manifesto

The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 at Wadham College in Oxford by representatives from 19 liberal political parties, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document describing the basic political principles of the Liberal International.[3]

The Oxford Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of William Beveridge and is regarded as one of the defining political documents of the 20 century.

Fifty years on, in 1997, Liberal International returned to Oxford and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century, describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall.[4]

Organisation

Presidents

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Country Presidency Membership
1 Salvador de Madariaga
(1886–1978)
 United Kingdom
 Spain (exiled)
20 April 1948 18 April 1952 Association
Mont Pelerin Society
2 Roger Motz
(1904–1964)
 Belgium 18 April 1952 20 April 1958 Liberal Party
3 Giovanni Malagodi
(1904–1991)
 Italy 20 April 1958 15 April 1966 Italian Liberal Party
4 Edzo Toxopeus
(1918–2009)
 Netherlands 15 April 1966 25 April 1970 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
5 Gaston Thorn
(1928–2007)
 Luxembourg 25 April 1970 18 April 1982 Democratic Party
(3) Giovanni Malagodi
(1904–1991)
 Italy 18 April 1982 26 April 1989 Italian Liberal Party
6 Adolfo Suárez
(1932–2014)
 Spain 26 April 1989 22 April 1992 Democratic and Social Centre
7 Otto Graf Lambsdorff
(1926–2009)
 Germany 22 April 1992 25 April 1994 Free Democratic Party
8 David Steel
(1938–)
 United Kingdom 25 April 1994 15 April 1996 Liberal Democrats
9 Frits Bolkestein
(1933–)
 Netherlands 15 April 1996 18 April 2000 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
10 Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck
(1944–)
 Belgium 18 April 2000 25 April 2005 Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten
11 John Alderdice
(1955–)
 United Kingdom 25 April 2005 20 April 2009 Liberal Democrats and Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
12 Hans van Baalen
(1960–)
 Netherlands 20 April 2009 26 April 2014 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
13 Juli Minoves
(1969–)
 Andorra 26 April 2014 Incumbent Liberal Party of Andorra

Members

In addition to the member organizations listed below, the International has a single individual member, Martin Lee, the founding chairman of Democratic Party (Hong Kong).

Full members

Country Name Government Notes Political wing
 AndorraLiberal Party of Andorrain oppositionCentre-right
 BelgiumReform Movementin government coalitionThe Reform Movement's leader became Prime Minister, but it is not the largest party in the coalition.Centre-right
 BelgiumOpen Flemish Liberals and Democratsjunior party in government coalition
 BotswanaBotswana Movement for Democracyin oppositionpart of Umbrella for Democratic Change
 BulgariaMovement for Rights and Freedomsin opposition
 BulgariaNational Movement for Stability and Progressextraparliamentary opposition
 Burkina FasoAlliance for Democracy and Federation – African Democratic Rallyin opposition
 BurundiAlliance démocratique pour le renouveauin opposition
 CanadaLiberal Party of Canada[5]in government
 ChileLiberal Party of Chilein opposition
 Republic of ChinaDemocratic Progressive Partyin governmentCentre-left anti-communism
 Democratic Republic of the CongoAlliance pour le renouveau au Congoin opposition
 Côte d'IvoireRally of the Republicansin government
 CroatiaCroatian Social Liberal Partyjunior party in government coalition
 CubaCuban Liberal Unionin exile
 CubaDemocratic Solidarity Partyin exile
 CubaNational Liberal Partyin exile
 DenmarkDanish Social Liberal Partyin opposition
 DenmarkLiberal Partysenior party in government coalition
 EgyptFree Egyptians PartyN/A
 EstoniaEstonian Reform Partysenior party in opposition
 FinlandCentre Partysenior party in government coalition
 FinlandSwedish People's Partyin opposition
 GeorgiaRepublican Party of Georgiajunior party in government coalition
 GermanyGerman Group of the LIN/A
 GermanyFree Democratic Partyin opposition
 GibraltarLiberal Partyjunior party in government coalition
 GuatemalaPatriotic Partyin opposition
 GuineaUnion of Democratic Forces of Guineain opposition
 GuineaUnion of Republican Forcesin opposition
 HondurasLiberal Partyin opposition
 IcelandProgressive Partyin government
 IrelandFianna Fáilin opposition
 IsraelIsraeli Liberal GroupN/A
 KosovoIndependent Liberal Partyin opposition
 LebanonFuture Movementsenior party in government coalitioncentre-right
 LuxembourgDemocratic Partysenior party in government coalition
 MacedoniaLiberal Democratic Partyin opposition
 MadagascarMovement for the Progress of Madagascarin opposition
 MexicoNew Alliance Partyin opposition
 MongoliaCivil Will-Green Partyextraparliamentary opposition
 MoroccoConstitutional Unionin opposition
 MoroccoPopular Movementjunior party in government coalition
 NetherlandsDemocrats 66junior party in government coalition
 NetherlandsDutch Group of LIN/A
 NetherlandsPeople's Party for Freedom and Democracy[6]senior party in government coalition
 NicaraguaIndependent Liberal Partyin opposition
 NorwayLiberal Partyin opposition
 ParaguayAuthentic Radical Liberal Partyin opposition
 PhilippinesLiberal Partyin opposition
 RomaniaNational Liberal Partyin opposition
 RussiaYablokoextraparliamentary oppositionCentre-left anti-communism
 SenegalSenegalese Democratic Partyin opposition
 SloveniaModern Centre Partysenior party in government coalition
 South AfricaDemocratic Alliancein oppositionin government in the Western Cape
 SpainFundació Llibertat i DemocràciaN/Aliberal foundation linked to Democratic Convergence of Catalonia[7]
 Sri LankaLiberal Party of Sri Lankain opposition
 SwedenLiberal People's Partyin opposition
 SwedenCentre Partyin opposition
  SwitzerlandFDP.The Liberalsjunior party in government coalition
 TanzaniaCivic United Frontin opposition / in coalition in autonomous region of Zanzibar
 ThailandDemocrat Partyin oppositionCentre-right
 United KingdomAlliance Party of Northern Irelandin opposition
 United KingdomLiberal International British GroupN/A
 United KingdomLiberal Democratsin opposition

Observer parties

Country Name Government Notes
 ArgentinaUnión por la Libertadjunior party in government coalition
 AustriaNEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forumin opposition
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaLiberal Democratic Partyin opposition
 BrazilBrazilian Group of Liberal InternationalN/Aaffiliated to the Democrats, Rio Grande do Sul
 ColombiaSocial Party of National Unity[8]in government
 ComorosAlliance Nationale pour les Comoresextraparliamentary opposition
 Democratic Republic of the CongoUnion pour la reconstruction du Congoin opposition
 Republic of the CongoCongolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Developmentin oppositions
 CroatiaIstrian Democratic Assembly[9]in opposition
 CyprusUnited Democratsextraparliamentary opposition
 EthiopiaEthiopian Democratic Partyin opposition
 GuatemalaReform Movementin opposition
 ItalyItalian Liberal GroupN/A
 KenyaOrange Democratic Movementin opposition
 MalaysiaParti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysiain opposition
 MalaysiaPeople's Justice Partyin government coalitionPart of the Pakatan Harapan
 MaliCitizens' Party for the Renewal of Maliextraparliamentary opposition
 MoldovaLiberal Reformist Partyextraparliamentary opposition
 MontenegroLiberal Party of Montenegrojunior party in government coalition
 MoroccoNational Rally of Independentsjunior party in government coalition
 MozambiqueParty for Peace, Democracy, and Developmentextraparliamentary opposition
 RomaniaAlliance of Liberals and Democratsjunior party in government coalition
 SenegalRewmiin opposition
 SingaporeSingapore Democratic Partyextraparliamentary opposition
 UkraineUkraine of the Futureextraparliamentary opposition

Cooperating organizations

Liberal think tanks and foundations

The International is also in a loose association with the following organisations:

See also

References

  1. "Constitution – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  2. "LI News Subscribe – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  3. "Oxford Manifesto 1947 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  4. "Oxford Manifesto 1997 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. 30 November 1997. Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  5. "Liberal Party of Canada Welcomes Liberal International to 2009 Convention". Liberal Party of Canada. March 6, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
  6. (in Dutch) VVD is a member of LI Archived 28 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. Archived 9 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. "Partido de la U - Colombia - Observer Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  9. "Observer Members". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-22.
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