Lezgic languages

Lezgic
Geographic
distribution
Dagestan, Azerbaijan
Linguistic classification Northeast Caucasian
Subdivisions
Glottolog lezg1248  (Samur)[1]
arch1244  (Archi)[2]
  Lezgic

The Lezgic languages are one of seven branches of the Northeast Caucasian language family. Lezgian and Tabasaran are literary languages.

Classification

  • Peripheral: Archi – 970 speakers[3]
  • Samur[4] (Nuclear Lezgic)
    • Eastern Samur
      • Udi – 6,600 speakers
      • Lezgian–Aghul–Tabasaran[4]
    • Southern Samur
    • Western Samur

The voicing of ejective consonants

The Lezgic languages are relevant to the glottalic theory of Indo-European, because several have undergone the voicing of ejectives that have been postulated but widely derided as improbable in that family. The correspondences have not been well worked out (Rutul is inconsistent in the examples), but a few examples are:

  • Non-Lezgic: Avar tstsʼar; Lezgic: Rutul dur, Tsakhur do 'name'
  • Non-Lezgic: Archi motʃʼor, Lak tʃʼiri; Lezgic: Rutul mitʃʼri, Tabassaran midʒir, Aɡul mudʒur 'beard'
  • Non-Lezgic: Avar motsʼ; Lezgic: Tabassaran vaz 'moon'

A similar change has taken place in non-initial position in the Nakh languages.[5]

See also

References

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Samur". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Archi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Ethnologue report for Archi
  4. 1 2 Languages in the Caucasus, by Wolfgang Schulze (2009) Archived 2011-06-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. Paul Fallon, 2002. The synchronic and diachronic phonology of ejectives, p 245.



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