Levantine Arabic Sign Language

Levantine Arabic Sign Language
Syro-Palestinian Sign Language
Region Levant
Arab Sign Language family
  • Iraqi–Levantine?
    • Levantine Arabic Sign Language
  • Jordanian Sign Language (LIU)
  • Palestinian Sign Language
  • Syrian Sign Language
  • Lebanese Sign Language
Language codes
ISO 639-3 jos (Jordanian Sign Language)
Glottolog None
jord1238  Jordanian SL[1]

Levantine Arabic Sign Language, also known as Syro-Palestinian Sign Language, is the deaf sign language of Jordan, Palestine, Syria, and Lebanon. Although there are significant differences in vocabulary between the four states, this is not much greater than regional differences within the states, their grammar is quite uniform, and mutual intelligibility is high, indicating that they are dialects of a single language (Hendriks 2008).

The language typically goes by the name of the country, as so:

  • Jordanian SL: لغة الإشارة الأردنية Lughat il-Ishārah il-Urduniyyah (LIU)
  • Lebanese SL: لغة الإشارات اللبنانية Lughat al-Ishārāt al-Lubnāniyyah (LIL)
  • Palestinian SL: لغة الاشارات الفلسطينية Lughat al-Ishārāt al-Filisṭīniyyah (LIF)
  • Syrian SL: لغة الإشارة السورية Lughat il-Ishārah il-Sūriyyah (LIS)


  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Jordanian Sign Language". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

[1] [2]

  1. Hendriks, Bernadet (2008). Jordanian Sign Language: aspects of grammar from a cross-linguistic perspective (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-02.
  2. Richardson, Kristina (Winter 2017). "New Evidence for Early Ottoman Arabic and Turkish Sign Systems". Sign Language Studies. 17 (2): 172–192. doi:10.1353/sls.2017.0001.
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