Levante UD

Levante
Full name Levante Unión Deportiva, S.A.D.
Nickname(s) Granotas (The Frogs)
Founded 9 September 1909 (1909-09-09)
Ground Ciutat de València, Valencia,
Valencia, Spain
Capacity 26,354
President Quico Catalán
Head coach Paco López
League La Liga
2017–18 La Liga, 15th
Website Club website

Levante Unión Deportiva, S.A.D. (Spanish: [leˈβante uˈnjon depoɾˈtiβa], Valencian: Llevant Unió Esportiva [ʎeˈvant uniˈo espoɾˈtiva]) is a Spanish football club based in Valencia, in the namesake community.

Founded on 9 September 1909, it plays in La Liga, holding home games at Ciutat de València Stadium[1][2][3].

History

Early years (1909–1935)

Levante UD was formerly registered as Levante Football Club on the 9th of September 1909[4][5] (celebrating its 100th anniversary on 9 September 2009[6]). Levante Union Deportiva (Football Club) has the eastern region of the Iberian Peninsula as it's namesake. Levante is Spain's east coast, the coast where the sun always rises (rise in Spanish being levantar)[7],[8]. Levante UD's name is likewise attributed to the Levant wind that comes from the east[9] and reminiscent of the Levante beach in La Malvarrosa, where Levante Football Club (as Levante Union Deportiva was originally named) clashed some of its earliest fixtures. Historically backed, Levante Union Deportiva is the most senior football club in Valencia. Local rival team Valencia CF was not formed until 1919.[10][11][12][13]

Levante's earliest games were played at La Platjeta, near the docks on a plot of land owned by a perfume entrepreneur. Its next ground was also near the port area, and the club gradually began to become associated with the working class. In 1919, the side played Valencia CF for the first time, losing 0–1; the game marked the inauguration of the recently formed new ground at Algirós. In 1928, Levante FC won its first trophy, the Valencian Championship.

1909 also saw the birth of Gimnástico Football Club, which originally played at Patronato de la Juventud Obrera, being then named Gimnástico-Patronato. In 1919, Gimnástico became the champion of the Campeonato de Valencia, beating CD Castellón in two leg finals; the next year, the club had become Real Gimnástico Football Club, after being granted royal patronage by Alfonso XIII, and they reached the final of Campeonato Regional de Levante, but lost to Club Deportivo Aguileño. In 1931, with the emergence of the Second Spanish Republic, the club dropped the Real from its name.

In 1934–35, both Levante and Gimnástico debuted in the second division, when the league was expanded from 10 teams to 24. In 1935, Levante won the Campeonato Levante-Sur, a competition that featured teams from Valencia, Murcia and Andalusia,[14] and subsequently reached the semi-finals of the Spanish Cup, consecutively beating Valencia and Barcelona before losing to eventual runners-up Sabadell.

During the civil war: Copa de la España Libre (1937)

During the Spanish Civil War, Levante and Gimnástico played in the Mediterranean League, finishing fifth and sixth respectively – teams from this league also competed in the Copa de la España Libre ("Free Spain Cup"). It was originally intended that the top four teams from the league would enter the cup, but Barcelona opted to tour Mexico and the United States, and as a result, Levante took its place. The first round of the competition was a mini-league with the top two teams, Levante and Valencia, qualifying for the final. On 18 July 1937, Levante defeated its city rivals 1–0 at the Montjuïc.[15]

Merging: Gimnástico and Levante (1939)

During the Civil War, Levante's ground was destroyed, but the club's squad remained intact. In contrast, Gimnástico had a ground, Estadio de Vallejo, but had lost most of their players. As a result, in 1939 Levante FC and Gimnástico FC merged into Levante Unión Deportiva[16]. Levante UD thus having origin from at least 1909 from both Levante FC and Gimnástico FC. At first being named Unión Deportiva Levante-Gimnástico, then changing it a few years later to Levante Unión Deportiva, with current club colours also dating from this era (the blaugrana, blue-garnet, home colours were originally those of Gimnástico FC, while the black and white away kit, were the colours of Levante FC). Moreover, Levante UD not only inherited their colors from Gimnástico FC but also their nickname, "Granota", the Frogs.[17][18][19][20][21]

La Liga: relegations and promotions (1963–present)

Levante had to wait until the 1960s to make its La Liga debut. In 1963, the club finished runner-up in Group II of the second division, defeating Deportivo de La Coruña 4–2 on aggregate in the promotion play-offs. During the first top flight season, it managed to win both games against Valencia, managing a 5–1 home win against Barcelona in the 1964–65 campaign but being relegated nonetheless after losing in the playoffs against Málaga. It spent most of the following two decades in the second and third divisions; the Segunda División B would not be created until 1977. In the early 1980s, Dutch superstar Johan Cruyff played half a season for the club, retiring three years later. After winning 2003–04's second division, Levante returned to the top level but survived only one season. Finishing third in 2005–06, it returned for two additional campaigns, the decisive match in the 2006–07 season being a 4–2 home win against Valencia courtesy of Riga Mustapha (two goals), Salva and Laurent Courtois.

Levante's financial status worsened, however, and there were reports that the players had only received approximately one-fifth of their contractual payments. News reports stated that the club had incurred a debt of over €18 million in payments due to its players. The team plummeted down the standings, and it was confirmed that the club would be playing in the second division in 2008–09, with several matches to go. The players protested at their lack of payments at one point, refusing to move for several seconds after the opening whistle against Deportivo and later announcing that they would issue a job action during the season-ending game at Real Madrid. The action was resolved when league officials announced that a benefit game would be played between Levante team members, and a team made up of players from the first division, with all benefits going to pay the wages due to the players.

On 13 June 2010, Levante returned to La Liga after a 3–1 home win against already relegated Castellón. It lost in the final round 0–4 at Real Betis, but its opponents only managed to finish with the same points as fourth.[22] Under the manager who led the team back to the top flight, Luis García Plaza, Levante finally retained its division status in the 2010–11 season. During one point of the league's second round of matches, Levante was in third position in the Liga table, only behind Barcelona and Real Madrid after losing just once in 12 games, against Real Madrid.[23]

On 26 October 2011, during round nine of the season, Levante defeated Real Sociedad 3–2 to move top of the table with 23 points.[24] It was the first time in the club's history it reached the highest ranking in the top division. In the process, it recorded seven-straight wins after drawing its first two games.[25] The club eventually finished in sixth position after defeating Athletic Bilbao 3–0 at home in its last match, thus qualifying for the UEFA Europa League for the first time in its history.[26] In the 2015–16 season, Levante was relegated after defeat by Málaga and finished last. The club was promoted back to the first league in 2016–17, winning the Segunda División title. In the 2017–18 season, the club secured safety in the league and on 13 May, Levante beat the champions Barcelona by a scoreline 5–4 (initially leading 5–1), with Emmanuel Boateng scoring his first ever career hat-trick.[27] This win ended Barcelona's hopes of achieving an unbeaten season.[28] Levante finished the season in 15th position, with 46 points, their best season in La Liga since 2013–14.

Seasons

Recent history

Season Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Notes
2003–04 2D 1st 4222137 593379 Last 16 Promoted
2004–05 1D 18th 3891019 395837 Relegated
2005–06 2D 3rd 4220148 533974 1st round Promoted
2006–07 1D 15th 38101216 375342 Last 16
2007–08 1D 20th 387526 337526 Last 16 Relegated
2008–09 2D 8th 42181014 595964
2009–10 2D 3rd 4219149 634571 Promoted
2010–11 1D 14th 3812917 415245 Last 16
2011–12 1D 6th 3816715 545055 Quarter-finals Qualified to UEFA Europa League
2012–13 1D 11th 38121016 405746 Last 16 Last 16 UEFA Europa League
2013–14 1D 10th 38121214 354348 Quarter-finals
2014–15 1D 14th 3891019 346737 Last 16
2015–16 1D 20th 367821 346629 1st round Relegated
2016–17 2D 1st 422598 573284 2nd round Champions and Promoted
2017–18 1D 15th 38111314 445846 Last 16

European record

Season Competition Round Opposition Home Away Aggregate
2012–13 UEFA Europa League Play-off round Motherwell 1–0 2–0 3–0
Group L Twente 3–0 0–0 2nd
Hannover 96 2–2 1–2
Helsingborg 1–0 3–1
Round of 32 Olympiacos 3–0 1–0 4–0
Round of 16 Rubin Kazan 0–0 0–2 (aet) 0–2

Season to season

  • As Levante FC
Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
1909/10 1st 4th
1910–18 No Record
1918/19 DNP
1919/20 1st 6th
1920/21 1st 3rd
1921/22 1st 4th
1922/23 1st 4th
1923/24 1st 3rd
1924/25 1st 3rd
1925/26 1st 2nd group round
1926/27 1st 3rd
1927/28 1st 1st group round
1928/29 Regional 3rd
1929/30 3 3rd 2nd
1930/31 3 3rd 6th
1931/32 3 3rd 1st
1932/33 3 3rd 4th Round of 32
1933/34 3 3rd 5th Round of 32
1934/35 2 2nd 3rd Semi-finals
1935/36 2 2nd 3rd 2nd round
1937 1st 5th Winner
  • As Gimnástico FC
Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
1909/10 DNP
1910–18 No Record
1918/19 1st 1st
1919/20 1st 2nd
1920/21 1st 1st
1921/22 1st 2nd
1922/23 1st 2nd
1923/24 1st 1st
1924/25 1st 2nd
1925/26 1st 3rd
1926/27 1st 4th
1927/28 1st 4th
1928/29 Regional 4th
1929/30 3 3rd 3rd
1930/31 3 3rd 5th
1931/32 3 3rd 3rd
1932/33 3 3rd 3rd
1933/34 3 3rd 3rd
1934/35 2 2nd 6th 5th round
1935/36 2 2nd 4th group round
1937 1st 6th
  • As Levante UD
Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
1939/40 2 1st 1st round
1940/41 2 3rd Quarter-finals
1941/42 2 8th 1st round
1942/43 4 Regional 1st 1st round
1943/44 3 1st
1944/45 3 2nd
1945/46 3 1st
1946/47 2 6th Round of 16
1947/48 2 5th 5th round
1948/49 2 9th 4th round
1949/50 2 13th 3rd round
1950/51 2 13th
1951/52 2 14th
1952/53 3 2nd
1953/54 3 1st
1954/55 2 15th
1955/56 3 1st
1956/57 2 11th
1957/58 2 4th
1958/59 2 2nd Round of 32
Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
1959/60 2 6th 1st round
1960/61 2 6th 1st round
1961/62 2 6th 1st round
1962/63 2 2nd Round of 16
1963/64 1 10th Round of 32
1964/65 1 14th Round of 16
1965/66 2 5th 1st round
1966/67 2 4th Round of 32
1967/68 2 14th 1st round
1968/69 3 3rd
1969/70 3 4th 3rd round
1970/71 3 12th 1st round
1971/72 3 6th 2nd round
1972/73 3 1st 3rd round
1973/74 2 19th 5th round
1974/75 3 2nd 4th round
1975/76 3 1st 1st round
1976/77 2 18th 2nd round
1977/78 3 2ªB 4th 3rd round
1978/79 3 2ªB 1st 2nd round
Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
1979/80 2 10th 3rd round
1980/81 2 9th Round of 16
1981/82 2 19th 3rd round
1982/83 4 2nd 2nd round
1983/84 4 2nd 2nd round
1984/85 3 2ªB 11th 2nd round
1985/86 3 2ªB 10th
1986/87 4 2nd
1987/88 3 2ªB 6th 3rd round
1988/89 3 2ªB 1st 2nd round
1989/90 2 15th 1st round
1990/91 2 19th 3rd round
1991/92 3 2ªB 11th 3rd round
1992/93 3 2ªB 9th 2nd round
1993/94 3 2ªB 3rd 3rd round
1994/95 3 2ªB 1st 1st round
1995/96 3 2ªB 1st 3rd round
1996/97 2 9th 2nd round
1997/98 2 22nd 1st round
1998/99 3 2ªB 1st Round of 16
Season Tier Division Place Copa del Rey
1999/00 2 7th 1st round
2000/01 2 8th Round of 32
2001/02 2 19th Round of 32
2002/03 2 4th Round of 64
2003/04 2 1st Round of 16
2004/05 1 18th Round of 32
2005/06 2 3rd 1st round
2006/07 1 15th Round of 32
2007/08 1 20th Round of 16
2008/09 2 8th 2nd round
2009/10 2 3rd 2nd round
2010/11 1 14th Round of 16
2011/12 1 6th Quarter-finals
2012/13 1 11th Round of 16
2013/14 1 10th Quarter-finals
2014/15 1 14th Round of 16
2015/16 1 20th Round of 32
2016/17 2 1st 2nd round
2017/18 1 15th Round of 16

Levante FC

Gimnástico FC

Levante UD

Players

Current squad

As of 31 August 2018[29]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 GK Koke Vegas
2 FW Borja Mayoral (on loan from Real Madrid)
3 DF Toño García
4 DF Rober Pier (on loan from Deportivo)
5 MF Cheick Doukouré
6 DF Chema
7 FW Moses Simon
8 MF Sanjin Prcić
9 FW Roger Martí
10 MF Enis Bardhi
11 MF José Luis Morales (vice-captain)[30]
12 DF Coke (3rd captain)[30]
13 GK Oier Olazábal
No. Position Player
14 MF Samuel García
15 DF Sergio Postigo
16 FW Rubén Rochina
17 MF Nikola Vukčević
18 DF Erick Cabaco
19 DF Pedro López (Captain)[30]
20 FW Raphael Dwamena
21 FW Emmanuel Boateng
22 DF Antonio Luna
23 MF Jason Remeseiro
24 MF José Campaña
25 GK Aitor Fernández
FW Armando Sadiku

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
DF Aly Abeid (at Alcorcón until 30 June 2019)
DF Iván López (at Gimnàstic until 30 June 2019)
DF Esteban Saveljich (at Almería until 30 June 2019)
No. Position Player
DF Shaq Moore (at Reus until 30 June 2019)
FW Ivi López (at Valladolid until 30 June 2019)

Honours

National competitions

Regional Competitions

  • Campeonato de Valencia
    • Winners:1927–28
  • Campeonato Levante-Sur
    • Winners:1934–35

Friendly Tournaments

  • Trofeo Costa de Valencia [31]
    • Winners:1972, 1974, 1977
  • Trofeo Comunidad Valenciana [32]
    • Winners:1986
  • Trofeo Ciutat de València
    • Winners:1995
  • Trofeo Ciudad de Valencia
    • Winners:1997
  • Trofeo de la Generalitat Valenciana
    • Winners:2000

Notable former players

Note: this list includes players that have appeared in at least 100 league games and/or have reached international status.

Famous coaches

Other managers

Stadium

Estadi Ciutat de València[33][34] was opened on 9 September 1969, with capacity for 25,354 spectators. Dimensions are 107x69 meters.

See also

References

  1. https://www.laliga.es/en/news/ten-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-ciutat-de-valencia-stadium
  2. http://files.laliga.es/pdfs_estadios/estadio-ciutat-de-valencia.pdf
  3. http://www.stadiumguide.com/ciutatdevalencia/
  4. https://www.laliga.es/en/laliga-santander/levante
  5. La nostra història, el nostre orgull
  6. El Levante cumple cien años
  7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levante,_Spain
  8. https://www.dictionary.com/browse/levant
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levant_(wind)
  10. https://as.com/futbol/2010/06/15/mas_futbol/1276583211_850215.html
  11. https://www.levante-emv.com/deportes/2011/11/28/historia-enorme-contada/860311.html
  12. http://www.levanteud.com/es/historia/anos-20/el-nacimiento-del-futbol-en-valencia
  13. https://books.google.es/books?id=ek_ZBQAAQBAJ&lpg=PA18&pg=PA23#v=onepage&q&f=false
  14. Spain – List of Champions of Levante, Valencia and Murcia; at RSSSF
  15. Spain – Copa de España Libre 1937; at RSSSF
  16. http://www.levanteud.com/es/historia/anos-20/todo-empezo-en-el-mes-de-septiembre-de-1909
  17. https://www.laliga.es/en/news/why-are-levante-called-the-granotas
  18. https://www.lavanguardia.com/deportes/20111026/54236143648/las-diez-leyendas-del-levante.html
  19. https://books.google.es/books?id=ek_ZBQAAQBAJ&lpg=PA18&pg=PA23#v=onepage&q&f=false
  20. https://www.levante-emv.com/deportes/2011/11/28/historia-enorme-contada/860311.html
  21. https://www.levante-emv.com/deportes/2009/08/31/levante-cumple-cien-anos/626049.html
  22. Levante are finally dethroned as La Liga becomes a more boring place; The Guardian, 31 October 2011
  23. Levante are back and this time they're ready to take on the world; The Guardian, 17 October 2011
  24. Levante pulls off the impossible; Sports Illustrated, 26 October 2011
  25. Underdog turns heads at the top in Spain; The New York Times, 28 October 2011
  26. "Ghezzal helps Levante secure European place". ESPN Soccernet. 13 May 2012. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  27. "LaLiga – Levante 5–4 Barcelona: Emmanuel Boateng scores the first hat-trick of his career against Barcelona". MARCA in English. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  28. "Levante 5–4 Barcelona: Champions stunned in nine-goal thriller". Daily Mailaccess-date=18 May 2018.
  29. "Primer equipo" [First team] (in Spanish). Levante UD.
  30. 1 2 3 "Coke Andújar, Postigo y Oier acceden a la capitanía junto a Pedro, Morales y Roger". 17 August 2018.
  31. Costa de Valencia;at RSSSF
  32. "Trofeo Comunidad Valenciana". 15 December 2017.
  33. http://www.stadiumguide.com/ciutatdevalencia/
  34. http://files.laliga.es/pdfs_estadios/estadio-ciutat-de-valencia.pdf
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