Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport

RomeFiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci"
Aeroporto Internazionale di RomaFiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci"
Airport type Public
Operator Aeroporti di Roma
Serves Rome, Italy
Location Fiumicino
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 13 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889Coordinates: 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Website adr.it
Location in Lazio
FCO (Italy)
FCO (Europe)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,800 12,467 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16C/34C 3,700 12,139 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 40.971.881
Passenger change 16-17 1.9%
Aircraft movements 297.491
Movements change 16–17 5.3%
Source: Italian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]
Statistics from Assaeroporti[2]

RomeFiumicino International Airport "Leonardo da Vinci" (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di RomaFiumicino "Leonardo da Vinci") (IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF), is an international airport in Rome and the major airport in Italy. It is one of the busiest airports in Europe by passenger traffic with 41.7 million passengers served in 2016.[2] It is located in Fiumicino, 18.9 nautical miles (35.0 km; 21.7 mi) west of Rome's historic city centre.[1]

The airport serves as the main hub for Alitalia, the largest Italian airline and Vueling, a Spanish low-cost carrier owned by International Airlines Group. Based on total passenger numbers, it is the eighth-busiest airport in Europe and was the world's 47 th-busiest airport in 2017. It covers an area of 29 square kilometres (7,200 acres) and is named after polymath Leonardo da Vinci who, in 1480, designed a flying machine with wings and the first proto helicopter.


Early years

The airport was officially opened on 15 January 1961, with two runways, replacing the smaller Rome Ciampino Airport, which remains in service for some low cost airlines as well as domestic and charter operations. Despite being officially opened in 1961, Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport had actually been in use since 20 August 1960. This was to help relieve air traffic that was congesting Rome Ciampino Airport during the 1960 Summer Olympics.[3]

During the 1960s, home-carrier Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centres; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Later development

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police) to Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A. in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created ADR Security S.r.l. (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato, Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Italian Civil Aviation Authority and Aeroporti di Roma S.p.A.. Ground handling services were provided by Aeroporti di Roma until 1999, when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines except for Alitalia, which continued to be handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001, Alitalia created "Alitalia Airport" and started providing ground handling for itself and other airlines. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled, but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones at Fiumicino. In May 2006, Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci.

Since 2005 the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog. Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 m (13,000 ft)), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup for 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs owing to the prevailing winds.

In 2010, the new single baggage handling system for more efficient luggage delivery began operations.

Several projects are planned. These include the construction of an environmentally-friendly cogeneration system, which would allow the airport to produce its own energy; construction of Pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to handle the expected growth from 38 million passengers per year in 2014 to 55 million by 2018; and the "Masterplan Fiumicino Nord", involving four new terminals and two new runways to be built by 2044, when there are estimated to be 100 million passengers per year.


The terminals were upgraded during the 1990s and 2000s.[4] In 1991, the domestic Pier A with 12 gates opened. In 1995, the international Pier B with 10 gates opened. In 1999, the international Satellite C with 14 gates and an elevated automated people mover, called SkyBridge, connected it with the main terminal.

In 2000, the new domestic Terminal A opened, and the terminal buildings, then consisting of Terminal A (with Pier A), Terminal AA, Terminal B (with Pier B) and Terminal C (with Satellite C), were reorganized. In 2004, the new Cargo City terminal opened. In 2008, Terminal 5 opened for check-in for American carriers and El Al. Passengers are then bused to what was then called Satellite C. The terminal serves 950,000 passengers per year. In 2009, the terminals were renamed — A was renamed T1, AA was renamed T2, B and C became T3 and T5 stayed the same.

  • Terminal 1 (Gates B1–B13 and B14–B30) is used by Alitalia (short-haul flights), Air France, Croatia Airlines,[5] Etihad Regional and KLM.
  • Terminal 2 (Gates C1–C7) was mainly used by easyJet with Blue Air, Wizz Air, and Ryanair being the only other tenants. This terminal was closed on 15 December 2017 for Terminal 1 extension.
  • Terminal 3 (Gates C8–C16, D1–D10, E1-E8, E11-E24, E31-44 and E51-61) is the largest terminal and used by Alitalia (long-haul flights), Vueling and several other companies.
  • Terminal 5 (formerly Gates E1-E8, E11-E24, E31-44 and E51-61) was used by all U.S. and Israeli carriers. This terminal is closed for renovation.[6]

Airlines and destinations


Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia MarocFez
Air Cairo Sharm El Sheikh[7][8]
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air India Delhi
Air Italy Milan–Malpensa, Olbia
Air Malta Malta
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
airBaltic Riga
AlbaStar Seasonal: Lourdes
Alitalia Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beirut, Belgrade, Berlin–Tegel, Bologna, Boston, Brindisi, Brussels, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cagliari, Cairo, Casablanca, Catania, Copenhagen, Delhi, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo,[9] Kiev–Zhuliany, Lamezia Terme, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa,[10] Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Munich, Naples, New York–JFK, Nice, Palermo, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Podgorica, Prague, Reggio Calabria, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seoul–Incheon, Sofia, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tirana, Tokyo–Narita, Toulouse, Trapani, Trieste, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Venice, Verona, Warsaw–Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia, Chicago–O'Hare, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Havana, Heraklion, Ibiza, Lampedusa, Larnaca, Malé, Mauritius (begins 28 October 2018),[11][12] Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Pantelleria, La Romana, Rhodes, St Petersburg, Santorini, Split, Tenerife–North, Thessaloniki, Toronto–Pearson
AlMasria Universal Airlines Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh
American Airlines Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, New York–JFK
Armenia Aircompany Charter: Yerevan
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
ASL Airlines France Charter: Ostend/Bruges, Paris–Orly, Tangier
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Alghero, Bacău, Bucharest, Constanța, Iași, Liverpool
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Blue Panorama Airlines Cancún, Cayo Largo del Sur, Havana, Reggio Calabria, Santiago de Cuba, Tirana, La Romana
Charter: Marsa Alam, Mersa Matruh, Sharm El Sheikh
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Lampedusa, Mykonos, Pantelleria, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Zakynthos
BRA Braathens Regional Airlines Charter: Billund, Odense
British Airways London–City (begins 11 November 2018),[13] London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Wuhan
Croatia Airlines Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Detroit
easyJet Amsterdam, Berlin–Tegel, Bristol, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Nice, Paris–Orly, Toulouse
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Maastricht/Aachen
Ernest Airlines Kiev–Zhuliany (begins 19 October 2018), Lviv
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart, Vienna
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe Cardiff
FlyOne Chișinău
Hainan Airlines Chongqing, Xi'an
HOP! Bordeaux, Lyon
Iberia Madrid
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Japan Airlines Seasonal charter: Tokyo–Haneda
Jet2.com Birmingham, Manchester
Seasonal: Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle
Joon Paris–Charles de Gaulle
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Neos Boa Vista, Cancún, Sal, Tenerife–South,
Seasonal: Fuerteventura, Havana, Malé, Mersa Matruh, Nosy Be, Rhodes, Zanzibar
Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, Los Angeles, Newark, Oslo–Gardermoen, Reykjavík–Keflavík (begins 28 October 2018), Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion (begins 28 October 2018), Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Bergen, Fort Lauderdale (begins 30 October 2018),[14] Gothenburg, Oakland
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Pobeda Kaliningrad (begins 24 October 2018)[15]
Primera Air Seasonal: Aalborg
Qatar Airways Doha
Rossiya St. Petersburg
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Comiso, Lanzarote, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Palermo, Seville, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Corfu, Chania
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Oslo–Gardermoen
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SmartWings Prague
SunExpress Seasonal: Izmir
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Transavia Rotterdam/The Hague
Transavia France Nantes[16]
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal charter: Casablanca
Tunisair Tunis
Seasonal charter: Djerba, Monastir, Tabarka
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal charter: Izmir
Tus Airways Larnaca
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil, Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Washington–Dulles
Ural Airlines Moscow–Zhukovsky, Yekaterinburg
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Seasonal: Urgench
Vueling Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bilbao, Catania, Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Marseille, Munich, Nantes, Palermo, Paris–Orly, Prague, Santiago de Compostela, Santorini, Seville, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Valencia, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Cephalonia, Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kos, Lampedusa, Menorca, Mykonos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza/Lefkhada, Rhodes, Split, Zadar, Zakynthos
Wizz Air Budapest, Katowice, Sofia, Kutaisi, Vienna,[17] Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin


ASL Airlines Belgium Liège
FedEx Express Ancona, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Mistral Air Brescia, Milan–Linate


Busiest domestic routes

Busiest domestic routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2016)[18]
1 Catania, Sicily 2,047,240Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
2 Palermo, Sicily 1,596,598Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
3 Milan–Linate, Lombardy 1,189,185Alitalia
4 Cagliari, Sardinia 935,510Alitalia
5 2 Bari, Apulia 798,325Alitalia, Ryanair
6 Lamezia Terme, Calabria 685,630Alitalia, Ryanair
7 2 Turin, Piedmont 638,229Alitalia, Blue Air
8 1 Brindisi, Apulia 585,012Alitalia, Ryanair
9 1 Venice, Veneto 540,397Alitalia
10 Genoa, Liguria 378,147Alitalia
11 5 Alghero, Sardinia 361,576Alitalia
12 1 Naples, Campania 326,541Alitalia
13 1 Reggio Calabria, Calabria 313,586Alitalia, Blu-express
14 1 Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia 293,874Alitalia
15 4 Milan–Malpensa, Lombardy 291,701Alitalia, easyJet
16 2 Olbia, Sardinia 289,840Meridiana
17 1 Bologna, Emilia-Romagna 253,531Alitalia
18 1 Firenze, Toscana 228,543Alitalia
19 Verona, Veneto 195,967Alitalia
20 Pisa, Toscana 132,845Alitalia

Busiest European routes

Busiest European Routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2016)[18]
1 Barcelona, Spain 1,314,602Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
2 2 Madrid, Spain 1,106,699Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling
3 1 Paris–Charles de Gaulle, France 1,105,420Air France, Alitalia
4 1 Amsterdam, Netherlands 1,098,610Alitalia, KLM, easyJet, Vueling
5 London–Heathrow, United Kingdom 987,509Alitalia, British Airways
6 2 London–Gatwick, United Kingdom 748,995British Airways, easyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Vueling
7 2 Paris–Orly, France 729,929easyJet, Vueling
8 2 Brussels, Belgium 715,336Alitalia, Brussels Airlines, Ryanair, Vueling
9 2 Munich, Germany 709,747Alitalia, Lufthansa, Vueling
10 Frankfurt am Main, Germany 693,327Alitalia, Lufthansa
11 Athens, Greece 572,440Aegean Airlines, Alitalia
12 3 Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Russia 470,942Aeroflot, Alitalia
13 3 Zürich, Switzerland 446,144Alitalia, Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling
14 1 Vienna, Austria 434,968Eurowings, Niki, Vueling
15 3 Istanbul–Atatürk, Turkey 402,675Alitalia, Turkish Airlines
16 2 Copenhagen, Denmark 380,417Alitalia, easyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines
17 Lisbon, Portugal 370,423TAP Portugal
18 2 Geneva, Switzerland 352,566Alitalia, easyJet, Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling
19 Berlin–Tegel, Germany 340,882Air Berlin , Alitalia, Vueling
20 5 Luqa, Malta 318,238Air Malta, Alitalia, Ryanair

Busiest intercontinental routes

Busiest intercontinental routes from/to Rome–Fiumicino (2016)[18]
1 2 Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Israel 677,453Alitalia, El Al, Israir Airlines, Vueling
2 New York–John F. Kennedy, United States 652,262Alitalia, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines
3 2 Dubai, United Arab Emirates 610,339Emirates
4 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 372,977Alitalia, Etihad Airways
5 1 Doha, Qatar 313,758Qatar Airways
6 1 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 304,425Alitalia, Air Canada, Air Transat
7 11 Seoul–Incheon, South Korea 300,365Alitalia, Asiana Airlines, Korean Air
8 1 Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Argentina 284,066Aerolíneas Argentinas, Alitalia
9 1 Cairo, Egypt 267,099Alitalia, Egyptair
10 1 Atlanta, United States 221,287Delta Air Lines
11 1 Tunis, Tunisia 209,843Alitalia, Tunisair
12 1 Chicago–O'Hare, United States 209,521Alitalia, American Airlines, United Airlines
13 1 Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Turkey 194,878Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
14 1 Tokyo–Narita, Japan 191,257Alitalia
15 5 São Paulo–Guarulhos, Brazil 187,466Alitalia, LATAM Brasil
16 8 Beijing–Capital, China 184,865Air China, Alitalia
17 2 Casablanca, Morocco 169,689Alitalia, Royal Air Maroc
18 4 Beirut, Lebanon 167,155Alitalia, Middle East Airlines
19 3 Miami, United States 166,689Alitalia
20 1 Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Brazil 159,124Alitalia

Ground transportation


Fiumicino Aeroporto railway station is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided every 15 minutes. Alternatively, local trains (FL1 line) leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. However, these trains do not head to Termini station. Passengers have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.[19] The railway opened in December 1989, with nonstop and several stop services available.[20]


Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 km (22 mi) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is served by a six-lane motorway and numerous buses and taxis.

Incidents and accidents

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—some engendered by Palestinians as part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.


  1. 1 2 "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  2. 1 2 Assaeroporti Statistiche
  3. "Fiumicino: Italy's Fast Growing Airport | Italy". Lifeinitaly.com. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  4. "Expansion projects at Fiumicino". Airport-technology.com. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  5. http://www.anna.aero/2015/04/29/new-airline-routes-launched-21-april-27-april-2015/
  6. http://www.adr.it/documents/10157/554493/Allocazione+Terminal+per+Vettori_24luglio.pdf
  7. http://www.flyaircairo.com/
  8. Air Cairo begin service to Rome from Marsa Alam and Sharm el Sheikh
  9. https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/275770/alitalia-resumes-2-african-routes-in-ns18/
  10. Alitalia, torna il volo Malpensa-Roma che perdeva 6 milioni di euro all'anno Archived 14 November 2017 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. https://www.alitalia.com/it_it/volare-alitalia/news-e-attivita/nuovi-voli/mauritius.html
  12. http://www.agenparl.com/alitalia-volo-diretto-roma-male-dal-31-ottobre-collegamento-tutta-la-stagione-invernale/
  13. "MORE ROUTES AND MORE AIRCRAFT FOR LONDON CITY". British Airways. 29 August 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  14. Liu, Jim (18 June 2018). "Norwegian confirms W18 Europe long-haul increases". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  15. Liu, Jim (24 August 2018). "Pobeda adds new European routes from Kaliningrad / St. Petersburg in 4Q18". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  16. Transavia France begins operatios between Nantes and Rome
  17. "Wizz Air Announces Austrian Base in Vienna with 3 Based Aircraft and 17 New Low-Fare Routes". wizzair.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2018. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  18. 1 2 3 "Italy 2016 Civil Aviation Statistics" (PDF) (in Italian). ENAC. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  19. Archived 23 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. Flight International. 23 May 1987. 5.
  21. 1 2 Ramsden, J. M., ed. (27 December 1973). "Rome hijacking" (PDF). FLIGHT International. IPC Transport Press Ltd. 104 (3380): 1010. Retrieved 11 February 2015 via flightglobal.com/pdfarchive. ... ran on to the apron and two phosphorus bombs were thrown into the front and rear entrances of a Pan American 707 Celestial Clipper, with 170 passengers on board
  22. 1 2 "Hijacking description: Monday 17 December 1973". aviation-safety.net. Flight Safety Foundation. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  23. Official Italian accident report issued by ANSV and its english translation. Aviation Accidents Database. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  24.  Posted by foxcrawl at 2:31 am. "Carpatair ATR-72 plane overruns runway on landing in Rome". Foxcrawl. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  25. Squires, Nick (4 February 2013). "Alitalia paints over crashed plane's markings". Telegraph. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  26. Matt Blake (30 September 2013). "Alitalia plane carrying 151 passengers crash lands in Rome after its landing gear fails to open in a storm | Mail Online". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
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