Leadership of the People's Republic of China

This article is part of a series on the
Politics of the
People's Republic of China

The political leadership of the People's Republic of China is in the hands of several offices.

CPC Leaders after PRC established

Order Image Chairmen / General Secretaries Term Start Term End
1Mao Zedong (毛泽东 / 毛澤東)
26 December 1893 - 9 September 1976(1976-09-09) (aged 82)
19 June 19459 September 1976
2Hua Guofeng (华国锋 / 華國鋒)
16 February 1921 - 20 August 2008(2008-08-20) (aged 87)
7 October 197628 June 1981
3Hu Yaobang (胡耀邦)
20 November 1915 - 15 April 1989(1989-04-15) (aged 73)
29 June 198111 September 1982
1Hu Yaobang11 September 198215 January 1987
ActingZhao Ziyang (赵紫阳 / 趙紫陽)
17 October 1919 - 17 January 2005(2005-01-17) (aged 85)
16 January 19871 November 1987
22 November 198723 June 1989
3Jiang Zemin (江泽民 / 江澤民)
17 August 1926
24 June 198915 November 2002
4Hu Jintao (胡锦涛 / 胡錦濤)
21 December 1942
15 November 200215 November 2012
5Xi Jinping (习近平 / 習近平)
15 June 1953
15 November 2012Present

Heads of the People's Republic of China

Portrait Presidents Term Term of office Vice Presidents
1 Mao Zedong
毛泽东(毛澤東)
(1893–1976)
Beijing At-large

CP 1 October
1949 (acting)
27 September
1954
Zhu De
Liu Shaoqi
Soong Ching-ling
Zhang Lan
Li Jishen
Gao Gang
1 27 September
1954
27 April
1959
Zhu De
2 Liu Shaoqi
刘少奇(劉少奇)
(1898–1969)
Beijing At-large
2 27 April
1959
21 December
1964
Soong Ching-ling
Dong Biwu
3 21 December
1964
31 October
1968 (ousted)

Soong Ching-ling
宋庆龄(宋慶齡)
(1893–1981)
Shanghai At-large

Dong Biwu
董必武
(1886-1975)
Hubei At-large

3
(cont)
31 October
1968 (acting)
24 February
1972 (resigned)

17 January
1975

vacant
* as
NPCSC Chairman

Zhu De
朱德
(1886–1976)
Sichuan At-large

4 17 January
1975
6 July
1976 (died in office)
vacant
* as
NPCSC Chairwoman

Soong Ching-ling
宋庆龄(宋慶齡)
(1893–1981)
Shanghai At-large

4
(cont)
6 July
1976
5 March
1978
vacant
* as
NPCSC Chairman

Ye Jianying
叶剑英(葉劍英)
(1897–1986)
Guangdong At-large (54-59)
PLA At-large (59-83)

5 5 March
1978
16 May
1981
vacant
as
Honorary President

Soong Ching-ling
宋庆龄(宋慶齡)
(1893–1981)
Shanghai At-large

5
(cont)
16 May
1981
28 May
1981
vacant
* as
NPCSC Chairman

Ye Jianying
叶剑英(葉劍英)
(1897–1986)
Guangdong At-large (54-59)
PLA At-large (59-83)

5
(cont)
28 May
1981
18 June
1983
vacant
3 Li Xiannian
李先念
(1909–1992)
Hubei At-large

6 18 June
1983
8 April
1988
Ulanhu
4 Yang Shangkun
杨尚昆(楊尚昆)
(1907-1998)
Sichuan At-large

7 8 April
1988
27 March
1993
Wang Zhen
5 Jiang Zemin
江泽民(江澤民)
(1926-)
Shanghai At-large

8 27 March
1993
15 March
1998
Rong Yiren
9 15 March
1998
23 March
2003
Hu Jintao
6 Hu Jintao
胡锦涛(胡錦濤)
(1942-)
Guizhou At-large (88-93,98-03)
Tibet At-large (93-98,03-08)
Zhejiang At-large (08-)

10 23 March
2003
15 March
2008
Zeng Qinghong
11 15 March
2008
14 March
2013
Xi Jinping
7 Xi Jinping
习近平(習近平)
(1953-)

12 14 March
2013
Incumbent Li Yuanchao

Premiers of the People's Republic of China

Portrait Premiers Term Term of office Days
1 Zhou Enlai
周恩来(周恩來)
(1898-1976)
Beijing At-large

CP 1 October
1949 (acting)
15 September
1954
1810
1 15 September
1954
18 April
1959
1676
2 18 April
1959
21 December
1964
2074
3 21 December
1964
4 January
1975
3666
4 4 January
1975
8 January
1976†
369
Geneva Conference in 1954, Asian-African Conference, 1972 Nixon visit to China, Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution
†Died in office (cancer)
Total
9595
2 Hua Guofeng
华国锋(華國鋒)
(1921-2008)
Hunan At-large

4
(cont)
4 February
1976 (acting)
7 April
1976
63
7 April
1976
5 March
1978
697
5 5 March
1978
10 September
1980*
920
Two Whatevers, Tiananmen Incident, Downfall of the Gang of Four, Sino-Vietnamese War, One Child Policy
* Ousted
Total
1680
3 Zhao Ziyang
赵紫阳(趙紫陽)
(1919-2005)
Beijing At-large

5
(cont)
10 September
1980 (acting)
6 June
1983
999
6 6 June
1983
24 November
1987§
1632
Chinese economic reform, Sino-British Joint Declaration, Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
§ Resigned
Total
2631
4 Li Peng
李鹏(李鵬)
(1928-)
Beijing At-large

6
(cont)
24 November
1987 (acting)
25 March
1988
122
7 25 March
1988
15 March
1993
1816
8 15 March
1993
17 March
1998
1828
Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, Three Gorges Dam, Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong Total
3766
5 Zhu Rongji
朱镕基(朱鎔基)
(1928-)
Hunan At-large

9 17 March
1998
16 March
2003
1825
Transfer of sovereignty over Macau, accession to the WTO Total
1825
6 Wen Jiabao
温家宝(溫家寶)
(1942-)
Gansu At-large

10 16 March
2003
16 March
2008
1827
11 16 March
2008
15 March
2013
1825
SARs outbreak, Anti-Secession Law, H5N1 avian flu outbreak, 2008 Sichuan earthquake Total
3652
7 Li Keqiang
李克强(李克強)
(1955-)
12 15 March
2013
Incumbent 1990
Lushan earthquake Total
1990

Chairmen of the NPC Standing Committee

I# T# Chairman Took office Left office
1 1 Liu Shaoqi
刘少奇(劉少奇)
September 15, 1954 April 28, 1959
2 2 Zhu De
朱德
April 28, 1959 January 4, 1965
3 January 4, 1965 January 17, 1975
4 January 17, 1975 July 6, 1976
Soong Ching-ling
宋庆龄(宋慶齡)
July 6, 1976
(acting)
March 5, 1978
3 5 Ye Jianying
叶剑英(葉劍英)
March 5, 1978 June 18, 1983
4 6 Peng Zhen
彭真
June 18, 1983 April 13, 1988
5 7 Wan Li
万里(萬里)
April 13, 1988 March 27, 1993
6 8 Qiao Shi
乔石(喬石)
March 27, 1993 March 15, 1998
7 9 Li Peng
李鹏(李鵬)
March 15, 1998 March 15, 2003
8 10 Wu Bangguo
吴邦国(吳邦國)
March 15, 2003 March 15, 2008
11 March 15, 2008 March 14, 2013
9 12 Zhang Dejiang
张德江(張德江)
March 14, 2013 Incumbent

Chairmen of the CPPCC National Committee

I# T# Chairperson Took office Left office
01 01 Mao Zedong
毛泽东(毛澤東)
October 1949 December 1954
02 02 Zhou Enlai
周恩来(周恩來)
December 1954 April 1959
03 April 1959 January 1965
04 January 1965 January 1976
During this interval, the chair was vacant. (January 1976 -March 1978)
03 05 Deng Xiaoping
邓小平(鄧小平)
March 1978 June 1983
04 06 Deng Yingchao
邓颖超(鄧穎超)
June 1983 April 1988
05 07 Li Xiannian
李先念
April 1988 June 1992
During this interval, the chair was vacant. (June 1992 - March 1993)
06 08 Li Ruihuan
李瑞环(李瑞環)
March 1993 March 1998
09 March 1998 March 2003
07 10 Jia Qinglin
贾庆林(賈慶林)
March 2003 March 2008
11 March 2008 March 2013
08 12 Yu Zhengsheng
俞正声(俞正聲)
March 2013 Incumbent

Chairmen of the CPC Central Military Commission

# Picture Name Took office Left office
1Mao Zedong8 September 19549 September 1976
2Hua Guofeng7 October 197628 June 1981
3Deng Xiaoping28 June 19819 November 1989
4Jiang Zemin9 November 198919 September 2004
5Hu JintaoSeptember 19, 2004November 15, 2012
6Xi JinpingNovember 15, 2012Incumbent
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