Lake Saiful Muluk

Lake Saiful Muluk
The lake is notable for its picturesque setting in the mountains of northern Pakistan
Location Saiful Muluk National Park
Kaghan Valley
Coordinates 34°52′37″N 73°41′40″E / 34.876957°N 73.694485°E / 34.876957; 73.694485Coordinates: 34°52′37″N 73°41′40″E / 34.876957°N 73.694485°E / 34.876957; 73.694485
Lake type Alpine, Glacial lake
Primary inflows Glaciers water
Primary outflows Kunhar River
Basin countries Pakistan
Surface area 2.75 km2 (1.06 sq mi)
Max. depth 50 ft (15 m)
Surface elevation 3,224 metres (10,577 ft)[1]
Settlements Naran

Saiful Muluk (Urdu: جھیل سیف الملوک) is a mountainous lake located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley, near the town of Naran in the Saiful Muluk National Park. The lake is a source of the Kunhar river. At an elevation of 3,224 m (10,578 feet) above sea level, the lake is located above the tree line, and is one of the highest lakes in Pakistan.


Saiful Muluk is located in the Mansehra district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, about 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north of Naran,[2][3] in the northern part of Kaghan Valley. Malika Parbat, the highest peak in the valley is near the lake.[4]

The lake is accessible from the nearby town of Naran during the summer season but access during winter is limited.

Physical features

Saiful Muluk was formed by glacial moraines that blocked the water of the stream passing through the valley.[5] The Kaghan Valley was formed in the greater Pleistocene Period dating back almost 300,000 years when the area was covered with ice. Rising temperatures and receding glaciers left a large depression where glaciers once stood. Melting water collected into the lake.


The lake has rich eco-diversity and holds many species of blue-green algae. Large brown trout are found in the lake, up to about seven kilograms.[6] About 26 species of vascular plant exist in the area, with Asteraceae the most commonly found species. Other species commonly found in the region are: Ranunculaceae, Compositae, Cruciferae, Gramineae, Apiaceae, Leguminosae, Scrophulariaceae and Polygonaceae.[7]


The Lake Saiful Muluk is named after a legendary prince. A fairy tale called Saif-ul-Muluk, written by the Sufi poet Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, talks of the lake.[8][9] It tells the story of the prince of Persia named Prince Saiful Malook who fell in love with a fairy princess named Princess Badri-ul-Jamala at the lake.[10]

See also


  1. "Surface Elevation of Lake Saiful Muluk". Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  2. "Distance from Naran". Google Maps. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  3. Ali, Ihsan. "Natural Heritage of Kaghan Valley". Mapping and Documentation of the Cultural Assets of Kaghan Valley, Mansehra (PDF) (Report). Islamabad: UNESCO. p. 46. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  4. Hussain, Manzoor; Khan, Mir Ajab; Shah, Ghulam Mujtaba (5 March 2006). "Traditional Medicinal and Economic uses of Gymnosperms of Kaghan Valley, Pakistan". Ethnobotanical Leaflets. 10: 72. ISSN 1948-3570. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  5. Ehlers, J.; Gibbard, P. L. (29 July 2004). Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology (2 ed.). Elsevier. pp. 305–306. ISBN 978-0444515933. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  6. Muhammad Yaqoob (14 March 2003). "Production and culture of trout in the Northwest Frontier Province and Northern Areas of Pakistan, A review". In Peter, T.; Swar, S. B. Cold water fisheries in the trans-Himalayan countries. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 327. ISBN 978-9251048078. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  7. Rehman, Zia-ur; Khan, Mir Ajab; Ahmad, Mushtaq; Arshad, Muhammad (June 2011). "Diversity and distribution pattern of alpine vegetation along Lake Saif-ul-Mulook, Western Himalaya, Pakistan" (PDF). International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering. Singapore: International Association of Computer Science and Information Technology Press. 16: 155–162. doi:10.7763/IPCBEE. ISSN 2010-4618. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  9. "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News".
  10. Javed, Asghar (23 June 2002). "Pristine lakes of the north". Dawn. Archived from the original on 13 July 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
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