Laṇḍā scripts

The Laṇḍā scripts (also Lahnda, Landa), meaning "without a tail", is a Punjabi word used to refer to a writing system used in Panjab and nearby parts of North India.[1] It is distinct from the Lahnda language, which used to be called Western Punjabi.

There are at least ten ancient scripts that classify as Laṇḍā scripts. They tended to be used as the mercantile scripts of the Punjab region and were normally not used for literary purposes.

Laṇḍā is a script that evolved from the Śāradā script during the 10th century. It was widely used in the northern and north-western part of India in the area comprising Punjab, Sindh, Kashmir and some parts of Baluchistan and NWFP. It was used to write Punjabi, Hindi, Sindhi, Saraiki, Balochi, Kashmiri, Pashto, and various Punjabi dialects like Pothohari.

In later centuries, the Gurmukhi alphabet evolved from Landa. Khojki, an ecclesiastical script of the Ismaili Khoja community, is within the Sindhi branch of the Landa family of scripts.[2] Mahajani, a script previously used for the Punjabi and Marwari languages, is related to Laṇḍā. The Khudabadi script, formerly used for Sindhi, is a Laṇḍā-based script.

References

  1. 中西, 亮 (1980-01-01). Writing systems of the world: alphabets, syllabaries, pictograms. Rutland, Vt.; Tokyo, Japan: C.E. Tuttle Co. pp. 50–51. ISBN 0804812934.
  2. Pandey, Anshuman. 2009. Proposal to Encode the Khojki Script in ISO/IEC 10646
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