Kuzhambu

Kuzhambu
Ennai kathirikkai kuzhambu (Stuffed eggplant kuzhambu)
Place of origin Northern Sri Lanka
Region or state Sri Lanka and South India
Main ingredients Lentils, tamarind, vegetables
Cookbook: Kuzhambu  Media: Kuzhambu

Kuzhambu (Tamil: குழம்பு), is a common dish in Sri Lankan Tamil and Tamil cuisines, and is primarily made of a variety of dals.

Kuzhambu is a gravy based on a broth made with tamarind, urad (bean) dal and toor dal, and can include vegetables. The dish is very popular as a side for rice in the northern regions of Sri Lanka and the southern regions of India especially in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.In Andhra kuzhambu is called as pulusu The number of varieties of kuzhambu are countless, with each state in the South India preparing it with a typical variation, adapted to its taste and environment.

Preparation

The preparation of kuzhambu vary greatly with the type of kuzhambu to be made, but its basic preparation methods include first frying curry leaves, mustard seeds, and dry chili pepper over vegetable oil on a heated stove. For kuzhambu that includes vegetables, cut the vegetables and fry them if required for the kuzhambu. For some types of kuzmabu, such as vathal kuzhambu, heat a separate pan with oil, and use this to fry the dals, other spices, onions, and garlic. In general, kuzambu does not include onions. Add tamarind juice, which is made in advance by soaking tamarind with water, and jaggery. Add water and salt, and cook for about 20 minutes.

Varieties

Mor Kuzhambu
Poondu Kuzhambu

The following is a small list of the hundreds of varieties of kuzhambu popular in Tamil cuisine. These types of kuzhambu all include a base of tamarind, urad and toor dals, and spices such as curry leaves, chili, and salt. Many of these varieties also include tomatoes or tomato juice as part of the base.

Varieties of Kuzhambu
NameDistinguishing Ingredient(s)
Vathal Kuzhambuturkey berry, shallots
Milagu Kuzhambublack pepper
Kara Kuzhambuonion, green chili, tomatoes
Mor Kuzhambuthick buttermilk, channa dal, ash gourd, okra, pumpkin
Poondu Kuzhambugarlic
Vazhakai Kuzhambuplantain
Vendakai Kuzhambuokra
Poricha Kuzhambumixed vegetables, black pepper, ample amounts of dal
Thakkali Kuzhambumore than usual proportions of Tomato puree

See also

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