Kurmali language

Kurmali
Panchpargania
কুরমালী, কুর্মালী
Native to India, Bangladesh
Region Jharkhand and surrounding states
Native speakers
556,089 (2011 census)[1]
Census results conflate some speakers with Bengali and Hindi.
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
kyw  Kurmali
tdb  Panchpargania
Glottolog kudm1238  Kudmali[2]
panc1246  Panchpargania[3]

Kurmali (Devanagari: कुर्माली, कुरमाली, Eastern Nagari: কুর্মালী,কুরমালী kur(a)mālī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Eastern India. Kurmali is generally linked to the Kudumi Mahato (also known as Kurmi, Mahanta or Mohanta) community of Jharkhand, Odisha & West Bengal. Kudmali is also spoken by the Kudumi people of Assam, and was brought to the tea gardens from Bihar, Orissa and West Bengal. Intellectuals claim that Kurmali may be the nearest form of language used in Charyapada.[4] As a trade dialect, it is known as Panchpargania (Eastern Nagari:পঞ্চপরগনিয়া), for the "five districts" of the region it covers, or Tamaria. Kurmali is a traditional language of Kurmi community.

Alternate names

Names for the language include Bedia (from the Bedia caste), Dharua, Khotta, Pan Sawasi, Tanti, Tair, and Chik Baraik.

Kurumali sub dialect of Mayurbhanja state

Kurumali sub dialect of Mayurbhanja state agrees very closely with the Kurmali Thar of Manbhum.[5]

Trade language

Panchpargania is the common language for communication for Bundu, Tamar, Silli, Sonahatu, Arki & Angara blocks of Ranchi district of Jharkhand state.

See also

Bihari languages

References

  1. "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kudmali". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Panchpargania". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. Jharkhand movement: ethnicity and culture of silence - Sajal Basu - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
  5. "Kurumali sub dialect of Mayurbhanja state". Linguistic Survey of India by G A.Grierson.
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