Total population
Regions with significant populations
 Russia 34,882[3]
Tatar language, Russian language
Orthodox Christians
Related ethnic groups
Other groups of Volga Tatars, Bashkirs, Chuvash

Kryashens (Kryashen: кряшенняр,[4] Tatar: керәшен(нәр), [k(e)ræˈʃen(nær)], Russian: кряшены; sometimes called Baptised Tatars (Russian: крещёные тата́ры)) are a sub-group of the Volga Tatars, frequently referred to as one of the minority ethnic groups in Russia. They are mostly found in Tatarstan and in Udmurtia, Bashkortostan and Chelyabinsk Oblast. They are considered different to the larger group of Tatars that have converted to Christianity.

Kryashens are Orthodox Christians and some of them regard themselves as being different from other Tatars even though most Kryashen dialects differ only slightly from the Central dialect of the Tatar language.

The 2010 census recorded 34,882 Kryashen in Russia.

Kryashen ethnogenesis is very difficult to trace. However, according to the researcher from St. Petersburg, Evgeny Barkar, the Kryashens are the descendants of pagan Kipchaks who did not convert to Islam.[5]


  1. «История и культура татар-кряшен (—ХХ вв.) Казань. 2017. 960 с.
  2. Института этнологии и антропологии РАН.
  3. Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity Archived 2012-04-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. "Сетевой этнокультурный проект кряшенского народа". Archived from the original on 27 May 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  5. Redaktor. "Проблема этногенеза кряшен". Retrieved 4 October 2017.
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