Kosjerić

Kosjeríć
Косјерић
Town and municipality

Coat of arms

Location of the municipality of Kosjerić within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°00′N 19°55′E / 44.000°N 19.917°E / 44.000; 19.917Coordinates: 44°00′N 19°55′E / 44.000°N 19.917°E / 44.000; 19.917
Country  Serbia
Region Šumadija and Western Serbia
District Zlatibor
Settlements 27
Area[1]
  Town 3.34 km2 (1.29 sq mi)
  Municipality 358 km2 (138 sq mi)
Elevation 415 m (1,362 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
  Town 3,992
  Town density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
  Municipality 12,090
  Municipality density 34/km2 (87/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 31260
Area code +381(0)31
Car plates UE
Website www.kosjeric.rs

Kosjeríć (Serbian Cyrillic: Косјерић; pronounced [kɔsjɛ̌rit͡ɕ]) is a town and municipality located in the Zlatibor District of western Serbia. The municipality has a population of 12,090 inhabitants, but the town itself has 3,992. The municipality's area is 359 square kilometres (139 sq mi), with 26 villages mostly placed in the river valleys, though there are also some settlements in the mountains at altitudes of more than 1,000 metres (3,300 feet).

Geography

The town is situated on the road between Požega on one end and Valjevo on the other. The town is near the mountain tourist centres: Divčibare and Zlatibor. It lies at the foothill of Drmanovina and Crnokosa and from south Povlen and Maljen mountains.

Climate

Kosjerić has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb), that's very close to an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb).

Climate data for Kosjerić
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
6.0
(42.8)
11.4
(52.5)
15.1
(59.2)
19.9
(67.8)
23.4
(74.1)
25.5
(77.9)
25.8
(78.4)
22.3
(72.1)
16.9
(62.4)
9.4
(48.9)
4.9
(40.8)
15.3
(59.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
2.0
(35.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.8
(49.6)
14.5
(58.1)
17.9
(64.2)
19.7
(67.5)
19.8
(67.6)
16.4
(61.5)
11.6
(52.9)
5.5
(41.9)
1.6
(34.9)
10.4
(50.7)
Average low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−1.9
(28.6)
1.2
(34.2)
4.6
(40.3)
9.2
(48.6)
12.5
(54.5)
14.0
(57.2)
13.8
(56.8)
10.5
(50.9)
6.4
(43.5)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.5
(41.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 62
(2.44)
57
(2.24)
57
(2.24)
68
(2.68)
90
(3.54)
92
(3.62)
81
(3.19)
65
(2.56)
67
(2.64)
65
(2.56)
78
(3.07)
76
(2.99)
858
(33.77)
Source: Climate-Data.org [3]

History

The exact date of the town's founding is unclear. Near the town archaeologists have found Roman and Serbian medieval relics, but it is believed that mass immigration occurred before the Serbian Revolution at the beginning of the nineteenth century with people from Montenegro, East Bosnia and the Western Serbian mountains Zlatibor and Tara.

This part of Serbia was under the rule of the Nemanjić dynasty until the Ottoman Empire seized control of the country in 1463. During the next two centuries roads were built and major development began linking the Adriatic Sea to western Serbia and to the east. Wars between Austria-Hungary and the Turks took a toll on the population numbers in Kosjerić.

It is thought that the oldest inhabitants of the town were from the family Kosijer. From legends it is said that Antonije Kosjer came from Kosijer in Montenegro and brought his three sons along with him. After that Jovan Baronim came from the village Bare and his sister accompanied him with seven sons. It is recorded that there was migration from the village of Divci and from Montenegrin Kolašin.

Rapid development began in 1882, but it was suppressed by the faster-growing communities of nearby bigger towns, Valjevo and Požega. Kosjerić reached the status of the town in 1966 and economic development after the completion of the Belgrade-Bar railway in 1972.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194817,917    
195318,592+0.74%
196117,898−0.47%
197116,582−0.76%
198116,157−0.26%
199115,478−0.43%
200214,001−0.91%
201112,090−1.62%
Source: [4]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Kosjerić has a population of 12,090 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

Ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs11,879
Montenegrins23
Croats8
Others180
Total12,090

Settlements

Aside from the town of Kosjerić, the municipality includes the following 27 settlements:

Economy

Today Kosjeríć is the town with the highest economic standard in Western Serbia. It has a cement factory that is one of the most successful companies in Serbia. After the fall of socialism Kosjerić soon became the town with the highest part of private capital in whole country.

Due to its location and climate Kosjerić has a strong production of fruit and vegetables. Serbia is known for its production of plums and raspberries around the world and in Kosjerić they are widely grown. The area is well known for its plum brandy, 40–45% ABV ("ljuta rakija"). Kosjerić also has a factory for concrete pipelines production "Pim-Grad", a factory for the manufacture of electric equipment "Elkok" http://www.elkok.co.rs/, and factories for the manufacture of concrete elements called "Kofeniks" and "Povlen".

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[5]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing22
Mining-
Processing industry881
Distribution of power, gas and water33
Distribution of water and water waste management40
Construction86
Wholesale and retail, repair310
Traffic, storage and communication228
Hotels and restaurants96
Media and telecommunications18
Finance and insurance9
Property stock and charter-
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities50
Administrative and other services19
Administration and social assurance99
Education174
Healthcare and social work78
Art, leisure and recreation18
Other services26
Total2,188

Cement factory

One of three Serbian cement factories is located in Kosjerić and it has helped boost the economic prosperity not only for the town but for the whole region.

On 30 January 2002, TITAN Group and the Serbian Privatization Agency signed an agreement for the transfer of 70% of the share capital of the Kosjerić Cement company, a deal worth $35.5 million. The production capacity of the Kosjerić cement plant was 600,000 tons as of 2002. The agreement with the Serbian Government included a mandatory investment program of $28.5 million, which would increase the factory's production capacity to more than 800,000 tons. Many of the town citizens are employed at the factory.

Tourism

Kosjerić is trying to create a strong tourism industry, which is supported by the "Serbian village tourist board". Kosjerić has attracted many people from central Serbia for its famed "Shepard festival" which is held every July.

Also, every year in Kosjeric an NGO called K-Town Group organise an International art camp Kosjeric which includes different art workshops with 50 participants from around the world.

The development and reconstruction of the Hotel Olympic has also further helped increase tourist numbers.

Features

Kosjerić and the surrounding area are known for their fresh air and beautiful nature. High mountains, fields, wood and water wells surround the town and it is famous for country tourism and the production of healthy food. Fresh air and nice climate are very appropriate for different sports; hence Kosjerić became a famous sport centre equipped with different types of sport fields on 40,000 square metres (430,000 square feet), sports hall with 700 places, Olympic-sized pool and several football, basketball and handball playgrounds.

References

  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. "Climate: Kosjerić, Serbia". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  4. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  5. "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 20 February 2018.

Twin cities

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