The Knesset Guard (משמר הכנסת; Mishmar HaKnesset) is an Israeli protective security unit. The Knesset Guard is responsible for the security of the Knesset building and protection of Knesset members (MKs).
Guards are stationed outside the building, and ushers are on duty inside. The commander of the force is called the Sergeant-at-Arms (K'tzin HaKnesset, literally, "officer of the Knesset"). In addition to its everyday duties, the Knesset Guard plays a ceremonial role, greeting dignitaries and taking part in the annual ceremony on Mount Herzl on the eve of Israeli Independence Day.
On October 29, 1957 Moshe Dwek threw a grenade during a plenary session of the Knesset. Minister Haim Moshe Shapiro, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and Minister of Foreign Affairs Golda Meir were injured. Following the events the Israeli Police decided to establish the Knesset Guard in 1958.
The Status and Authority were regulated as part of Knesset Guard Law from 1968. First Knesset Officer was Yerachmiel Belkin.
|English language equivalent||(Hebrew)||Rank||Insignia|
|Corporal||רב שוטר||Rav Shoter|
|Sergeant||סמל שני||Samal Sheni|
|Staff Sergeant||סמל ראשון||Samal Rishon|
|Sergeant First Class||רב סמל||Rav Samal|
|Master Sergeant||רב סמל ראשון||Rav Samal Rishon|
|First Sergeant||רב סמל מתקדם||Rav Samal Mitkadem|
|Sergeant Major||רב סמל בכיר||Rav Samal Bakhir|
|Sergeant Major of Command||רב נגד||Rav Nagad|
|Second Guard Officer||קצין משמר משנה||Kzin mishmar mishne|
|First Guard Officer||קצין משמר||Kzin mishmar|
|Senior Guard Officer||שמר||Shamar|
|Chief Guard Officer||רב שמר||Rav Shamar|
|Vice Commissioner||סגן גונן||Sgan-Gonen|
|Commissioner||גונן משנה||Gonen Mishne|
|Commander of the Knesset Guard||תת גונן||Tat Gonen (Tat Nitzav)|
|Knesset Master-at-Arms||ניצב||Ktzin-Ha-Knesset (Nitzav)|