King of Bahrain

King of Bahrain
ملك البحرين
Malik al-Baḥrayn
Incumbent
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
since 6 March 1999 as Emir
since 14 February 2002 as King
Details
Style His Majesty
Heir apparent Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
First monarch Ahmed ibn Muhammad ibn Khalifa (Hakim)
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah (King)
Formation 1783 (Hakimmiyah)
16 August 1971 (Emirate)
14 February 2002 (Kingdom)
Residence Riffa Palace
Website Official website
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bahrain
Judiciary
Administrative divisions (governorates)

The King of Bahrain (Arabic: ملك البحرين) is the monarch and head of state of Bahrain. Between 1783 and 1971, the Bahraini monarch held the title of Hakim, and, from 1971 until 2002, the title of Emir. On 14 February 2002, the then-Emir of Bahrain, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, declared Bahrain a kingdom and proclaimed himself the first king.

List of monarchs

Hakims of Bahrain (1783–1971)

The Arabic title of the Hakim, as transliterated, was Hakim al-Bahrayn (English: Caretaker of Bahrain). The Hakim also held the honorific title of sheikh.

Name Reign start Reign end Notes
Sheikh
Ahmed ibn Muhammad ibn Khalifa
1783 1796 Leader of the Bani Utub invasion of Bahrain
Sheikh
Abdullah ibn Ahmad Al Khalifa
1796 1843 As co-regent
Sheikh
Sulman ibn Ahmad Al Khalifa
1796 1825 As co-regent with Abdullah ibn Ahmad Al Khalifa
Sheikh
Khalifah ibn Sulman Al Khalifa
1825 1837 As co-regent with Abdullah ibn Ahmad Al Khalifa
Sheikh
Muhammad ibn Khalifah Al Khalifa
1834 1842 First reign as co-regent with Abdullah ibn Ahmad Al Khalifa
Sheikh
Muhammad ibn Khalifah Al Khalifa
1843 1887 Second reign
Sheikh
Ali ibn Khalifah Al Khalifa
1868 1869
Sheikh
Muhammad ibn Khalifah Al Khalifa
1869 1869 Third reign
Sheikh
Muhammad ibn Abdullah Al Khalifa
September 1869 1 December 1877
HH Sheikh
Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa
1 December 1869 26 May 1923 Abdicated; died on 9 December 1932
HH Sheikh
Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa
27 May 1923 20 February 1942
HH Sheikh
Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa
20 February 1942 2 November 1961
HH Sheikh
Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa
2 November 1961 16 August 1971

Emirs of Bahrain (1971–2002)

The Arabic title of the Emir, as transliterated, was Amir dawlat al-Bahrayn (English: Chief of the State of Bahrain). The Emir also held the honorific title of sheikh.

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
HH Sheikh
Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa
  • عيسى بن سلمان آل خليفة
(1931-06-03)3 June 1931 – 6 March 1999(1999-03-06) (aged 67)16 August 19716 March 1999Son of Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa and Mouza bint Hamad Al KhalifaKhalifa
HH Sheikh
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
  • حمد بن عيسى آل خليفة
(1951-01-28) 28 January 19516 March 199914 February 2002Son of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa and Hessa bint Salman Al KhalifaKhalifa

King of Bahrain (2002–present)

The Arabic title of the King, as transliterated, is Malik al-Bahrayn (English: King of Bahrain). The King also holds the honorific title of sheikh.

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
HM King
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
  • حمد بن عيسى آل خليفة
(1951-01-28) 28 January 195114 February 2002IncumbentSon of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa and Hessa bint Salman Al KhalifaKhalifa

See also

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