Khovd Province

Khovd Province
Ховд аймаг
ᠬᠣᠪᠳᠤᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Province
Ruins of a fortress in Khovd Province

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 47°0′N 92°45′E / 47.000°N 92.750°E / 47.000; 92.750Coordinates: 47°0′N 92°45′E / 47.000°N 92.750°E / 47.000; 92.750
Country  Mongolia
Established 1931 (1931)
Capital Khovd
Area
  Total 76,133.38 km2 (29,395.26 sq mi)
Highest elevation 4,204 m (13,793 ft)
Population (2017)
  Total 87,363
  Density 1.1/km2 (3.0/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+7
Area code(s) +976 (0)143
ISO 3166 code MN-043
Vehicle registration ХО_
Website khovd.gov.mn

Khovd (Mongolian: Ховд) is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia, located in the west of the country. Its capital is also named Khovd.

The Khovd province is approximately 1,580 km from Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia's capital. It takes its name from the Khovd River, which is located in this province.

Population

Khovd is distinguished by its multi-cultural population. It is home to more than 17 nationalities and ethnicities. Each of these groups has its own distinct traditional dwelling and settlement pattern, dress and other cultural distinctions, literary, artistic, and musical traditions.

Ethnic groups of Khovd aimag[1]
national censuses data
Ethnic
group
Mongolian
name
1979%1989%2000%
KhalkhaХалх17,34327.7220,39726.6423,83227.45
ZakhchinЗахчин14,46423.1217,22822.5021,64524.93
KazakhКазак9,42515.0612,81416.7410,00511.52
TorguudТоргууд5,5668.906,7038.766,9958.06
OlotsӨөлд4,8237.715,6227.346,5037.49
Altai UriankhaiУрианхай4,5877.335,4037.066,5927.59
DörvödДөрвөд2,8564.563,6094.715,2426.04
MyangadМянгад2,8554.563,5174.594,2874.94
TuvanТува--2390.317240.83
BayadБаяд1290.212270.303770.43
Chantuu/UyghurЧантуу1830.291870.242580.30
KhoshuudХошууд----1490.17
Other Mongolian citizens930.151760.232030.23
Foreigners2410.394310.56190.02
Total62,565100.0076,553100.0086,831100.00

The Khovd aimag population growth stopped in 1991, then migration out of the aimag (approx. 20,000 in 1992-2004) compensated the natural increase and confined aimag’s population within the limits of 87 thousand to 92 thousand since.

Khovd aimag population [2][3][4][5][6]
1956
census
1960
est.
1969
census
1979
census
1981
est.
1989
census
1995
est.
2000
census
2006
census
2010
census
42,30048,00054,00062,60064,50086,83188,49489,32692,39582, 204

Climate

Khovd is notorious for its harsh weather cycles, as temperatures regularly reach as high as 40 °C or 104 °F duritypong summer and as low as −30 °C or −22 °F duirng winter. The climate is dry, as it receives approximately the same average annual precipitation of Phoenix, Arizona.

Rivers

The major river are

  • Hovd River
  • Bulgan River
  • Buyant River
  • Hoid tsenher River
  • Dund tsenher River
  • Uench River
  • Bodonch River

Lakes

Mountains

Altai Mountains

  • Jargalant hairhan
  • Bumbat hairhan
  • Baatar hairhan
  • Monkhhairhan
  • Baitag bogd

Transportation

The Khovd Airport (HVD/ZMKD) has two runways, one of which is paved, and gets served by regular flights from and to Ulaanbaatar, Mörön, and Bulgan.But planned of flight to Ürümqi city of Xingjiang.

Economy

The region around the Khovd city is famous in Mongolia for its watermelon crop. There is a sizable hydroelectric dambuilding project underway that will theoretically generate enough electricity to power the three most western aimags (Uvs, Bayan-Ölgii, and Khovd). The city of Khovd is connected to the Russian power grid and subject to blackouts if it falls behind in its payments. Domestic and international tourism and sports hunting have always been a sizable industry of Khovd province with natural beauty such as fresh and salt water lakes, snow-capped mountains, green valleys and caves as well as ancient rock paintings and fortresses being the main sightseeing attractions.

Animal herding is the main economy of this province.

Number of livestock[7]
1950
census
1960
census
1970
census
1980
census
1990
census
2000
census
2005
census
2010
census
2014
census
1,131,7331,691,9341,539,5741,687,7032,070,6221,836,2721,963,7121,639,1002,625,577

Administrative subdivisions

The aimag capital Khovd is geographically located in the Buyant sum, but is administered as independent Jargalant sum. The administrative center of the Khovd Sum is also called Khovd, which is a common source of confusion. The other administrative centers carry the name of the respective Sum as well.

The sums of Khovd Aimag[6]
Sum Mongolian Population
1979 census
Population
1991 est.
Population
2007 est.
Population
2010 est.
Major Ethnic. Sum Centre
Population
Area
(km²)[1]
Density
(/km²)
Distance
from Khovd
city(km)[1]
AltaiАлтай2,1412,7123,2342 849Zahchin76713,1440.25310
BulganБулган7,0529,1699,6348 262Torguud3,1718,1041.19335
BuyantБуянт3,3614,3863,5332 673Halh/Tuva1,5683,7590.9619
ChandmaniЧандмань2,3112,9633,1552 469Halh6896,0160.52160
DarviДарви2,4022,7752,5962 362Halh5795,6040.47204
DörgönДөргөн1,7152,5553,0152 266Dorvod6594,1280.73106
DuutДуут1,6752,1892,0941 287Urianhai5022,1460.9876
ErdenebürenЭрдэнэбүрэн2,2583,2103,3721 995Oold6962,7721.2260
Jargalant*Жаргалант17,62026,87729,20729 012Halh/Mixed28,601*70417.240
KhovdХовд3,9274,8504,5892 722Halh7192,8301.6327
MankhanМанхан3,2734,3524,5263 480Zahchin1,2584,3301.0580
MönkhkhairkhanМөнххайрхан1,8112,3372,5541 955Urianhai/Zahchin7442,5541.06155
MöstМөст3,2394,0923,5772 939Zahchin8093,9270.91180
MyangadМянгад2,9404,5523,6622 615Myangad7133,2581.1235
TsetsegЦэцэг2,1892,6452,5312 423Halh5703,4910.72216
ÜyenchҮенч2,5753,9134,7604 024Zahchin1,4527,4760.64305
ZeregЗэрэг2,3883,0923,0782 727Zahchin7962,5241.23130

* - The aimag capital Khovd

References

  1. 1 2 3 Khovd Aimak Statistical Office. 1983-2008 Dynamics Data Sheet Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. Statoids (Gwillim Law) web page
  3. National Statistical Office Archived 2007-06-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. National Economy of the Mongolian People's Republic (1921 - 1981), Ulaanbaatar 1981
  5. , GeoHive: Global Statistics
  6. 1 2 Khovd Aimag Statistical Office 2007 Annual Report
  7. Annual livestock census data. The National Statistical Office of Mongolia. http://khovd.nso.mn/page/650
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