Kenyan general election, 1997

Kenyan presidential election, 1997

29 December 1997 (1997-12-29)

Nominee Daniel arap Moi Mwai Kibaki
Party KANU Democratic
Popular vote 2,500,856 1,911,742
Percentage 40.60% 31.00%

President before election

Daniel arap Moi
Kenya African National Union

Elected President

Daniel arap Moi

Kenyan parliamentary election, 1997
29 December 1997

Party Leader % Seats ±
KANU Daniel Arap Moi 107 +7
Democratic Mwai Kibaki 39 +16
NDP Ralia Odinga 21 +21
FORD–Kenya Michael Kijana Wamalwa 17 -14
SDP Charity Ngilu 15 +15
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Speaker of the National Assembly before Speaker of the National Assembly after
Francis ole Kaparo
Francis ole Kaparo
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General elections were held in Kenya on 29 December 1997. The result was a victory for the ruling Kenya African National Union, which won 107 of the 210 seats in the National Assembly, and whose candidate Daniel arap Moi won the presidential election. Following the election, Moi appointed a further 12 members to the Assembly.[1]



Candidate Party Votes %
Daniel arap MoiKenya African National Union2,500,86540.40
Mwai KibakiDemocratic Party1,911,74230.89
Raila OdingaNational Development Party667,88610.79
Michael Kijana WamalwaFORD–Kenya505,7048.17
Charity NgiluSocial Democratic Party488,6007.89
Martin ShikukuFORD–Asili36,5120.59
Katama MkangiKenya National Congress23,5540.38
George AnyonaKenya Social Congress16,4280.27
Kimani wa NyoikeFORD–People8,3060.13
Koigi wa WamwereKenya National Democratic Alliance7,7450.13
Munyua WaiyakiUnited Patriotic Party6,1940.10
Godfrey M' MwereriaGreen African Party4,6270.07
Wangari MaathaiLabour Party4,2460.07
Stephen OludheIndependent Economic Party3,6910.06
David Waweru Ng'etheUmma Patriotic Party3,5840.06
Invalid/blank votes
Registered voters/turnout9,063,390
Source: Nohlen et al.[2]

By province

Province Moi Kibaki Odinga Wamalwa Ngilu
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
North Eastern70,50673.220,40421.23110.34,4314.64400.5
Rift Valley1,140,10969.5343,52921.036,0222.2102,1786.211,3450.7
Source: Nohlen et al.

National Assembly

Party Votes % Seats +/– Appointees
Kenya African National Union107+76
Democratic Party39+162
National Development Party21New1
Social Democratic Party15+151
Kenya Social Congress100
Shirikisho Party of Kenya1New0
Invalid/blank votes95,349
Registered voters/turnout9,063,39065.43
Source: IPU


In 1998 Mwai Kibaki took a petition against Moi to court, having served Moi by publishing the notice of the petition in the Kenya Gazette. However, judges Emmanuel O'Kubasu, Mbogholi Msagha and Moijo ole Keiwua ruled that Kibaki should have served Moi with the petition personally. Their position was upheld at the then-highest Court of Appeal by judges Omolo, Bernard Chunga (Chief Justice), AB Shah, AA Lakha and Owuor JJ.[3]


  1. Elections in Kenya African Elections Database
  2. Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p488 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
  3. Why this election may be won in courts The Star, 12 January 2013
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