Kenya (1963–1964)

Motto: "Harambee" (Swahili)
"Let us all pull together"
Anthem: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
O God of All Creation

Capital Nairobi
Common languages English
Government Constitutional monarchy
Elizabeth II
Malcolm MacDonald
Prime Minister  
Jomo Kenyatta
Legislature National Assembly
 Upper House
 Lower House
House of Representatives
Historical era Cold War
12 December 1963
12 December 1964
Currency East African shilling
ISO 3166 code KE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Colony of Kenya

Between 12 December 1963 and 12 December 1964, Kenya was an independent sovereign state that shared its head of state with the United Kingdom and other states headed by Queen Elizabeth II. It was a predecessor to the modern-day Republic of Kenya.

When Kenya Colony was given independence from Britain on 12 December 1963, the British monarch (Elizabeth II) remained head of state as Queen of Kenya. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Kenya:

  1. Malcolm John Macdonald (12 December 1963 – 12 December 1964)

Jomo Kenyatta held office as prime minister (and head of government). Elizabeth II visited Kenya in:

  • 1952 (6 February), before independence
  • 1972 (26 March), after Kenya's transition to a republic
  • 1983 (10–14 November)
  • 1991 (7 October).

The Republic of Kenya came into existence on 12 December 1964. Following the abolition of the monarchy, Jomo Kenyatta became the first President of the Republic of Kenya.


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