Kazakhstan and the United Nations
|United Nations membership|
|Since||2 March 1992|
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politics and government of
The Republic of Kazakhstan became a member of the UN on March 2, 1992. Membership in the international organization has given Kazakhstan, in the context of globalization, the opportunity to participate fully in international cooperation and solving international problems of a political, economic, environmental, social, cultural and humanitarian character.
The position of Kazakhstan
The position of Kazakhstan in the UN is formed on the basis of interests of Kazakhstan on the full range of issues addressed by the United Nations. Particular attention is given to strengthening cooperation under the auspices of the Organization in the field of disarmament, economy, ecology, social and sustainable development, peacekeeping, development of international law, respect for human rights, gender equality, counter-terrorism, organized crime and drug trafficking. President of the Republic of Kazakhstan 11 times visited the UN headquarters in New York from 1992 to 2016 and repeatedly participated in the work of the UN General Assembly. The head of state took part in the 70th anniversary session of the UN General Assembly, as well as the UN Summit on Sustainable Development Goals in September 2015.
The main international initiatives of Kazakhstan
During its membership in the UN, in different years, Kazakhstan has put forward the following initiatives that have been or are being implemented.
- Convocation of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building measures in Central Asia (CICA);
- United Nations Special Program for the Economies of Central Asia (SPECA);
- Rehabilitation of the ecological disaster zones of the Aral Sea and Semipalatinsk;
- The Green Bridge Partnership Program, which was supported at two Conferences of the UN Regional Commissions (ESCAP and UNECE) and the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development Rio + 20;
- Development of the Global Energy and Environmental Strategy, the main components of which are reflected in the final document of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development Rio + 20;
- Announcement of August 29 as the International Day against Nuclear Tests;
- Announcement of 2010 and 2013-2022 as the International Year and the International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures;
- In order to implement the initiatives of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev to combat terrorism and counter violent extremism with the UN counter-terrorism units and with member states, work is being carried out to incorporate the main postulates of the initiative in the activities of the Organization and their reflection in UN documents.
- Manifesto of the Head of State "The World. XXI Century "was sent to the UN leadership and distributed in six official languages among all UN member states with registration numbers A / 70/818 as a document of the General Assembly and S / 2016/317 as a document of the Security Council.
- Initiatives to convene a high-level UN Conference on the reaffirmation of the principles of international law, the creation of the United Nations Center for the Development of Green Technologies and Investment Projects under the auspices of the United Nations in Astana, the annual transfer of one percent of the defense budget of the UN member states to the UN Special Fund for Financing the Goals of Sustainable Development, reform of ECOSOC to the Council for Global Development.
- Initiative for the establishment of the UN Regional Hub for Central Asia and Afghanistan in Almaty.
Membership n in the UN regional commissions
Currently, the UN is represented by 18 organizations in Kazakhstan: UNDP (United Nations Development Program), UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund), UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime), UNHCR (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights), UNV (United Nations Volunteers programme), ILO (International Labor Organization), UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), WHO (World Health Organization), WB (World Bank), IMF (International Monetary Fund), UNAIDS (Joint United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS), DPI (Office of the Department of Public Information), OCHA (United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs), ESCAP (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific), UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe ), UNISDR (UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction) and UN Women.
Cooperation of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the UN
The cooperation is carried out within the framework of the Partnership Framework for Development for the period 2016-2020. Among the priorities of the new program cycle, it is possible to highlight issues of sustainable development, environmental improvement, prevention of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, gender equality and enhancing the effectiveness of public administration. The problem of efficient use of water resources and combating desertification remain the focus of joint cooperation. Particular attention will be given to the regions of the former Semipalatinsk test site and the Aral Sea.