Juncker Commission

The Juncker Commission is the European Commission in office since 1 November 2014 and is due to serve until 2019. Its president is Jean-Claude Juncker, who presides over 27 other commissioners (one from each of the states composing the European Union, except Luxembourg, which is Juncker's state). In July 2014, Juncker was officially elected to succeed José Manuel Barroso, who completed his second five-year term in that year.[1]

Election

In the 2014 parliamentary election, Juncker campaigned as the candidate of the European People's Party (EPP) for the presidency of the European Commission. The EPP won a plurality in parliament, and on 27 June, the European Council nominated him for the post. Later, on 15 July 2014, the European Parliament elected Juncker as the new Commission president.[2][3][4] On 22 October, the European Parliament approved the Juncker Commission in its entirety, and during the 23–24 October 2014 meeting of the European Council, the Council formally appointed the new Commission.[5][6] On 1 November 2014 the new Commission officially assumed office.[7][8]

Juncker has outlined a ten-point agenda for his Presidency focusing on jobs and growth.[9]

Commissioners

The following college of commissioners serves under Juncker's presidency[10][11][12]

Parties

  European People's Party (14)   Party of European Socialists (8)   Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (5)   None (1)

Officeholder Portrait Portfolio State Party
Jean-Claude Juncker President Luxembourg EPP
National: CSV
Frans Timmermans First Vice-President Netherlands PES
National: PvdA
Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, Rule of Law and Charter of Fundamental Rights
Federica Mogherini Vice-President Italy PES
National: PD
Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
Maroš Šefčovič Vice-President Slovakia PES
National: Smer-SD
Energy Union
Jyrki Katainen Vice-President Finland EPP
National: KOK
Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness
Valdis Dombrovskis Vice-President Latvia EPP
National: Unity
Euro and Social Dialogue and Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union
Andrus Ansip Vice-President Estonia ALDE
National: Reform
Digital Single Market
Věra Jourová Justice and Consumers Czech Republic ALDE
National: ANO
Mariya Gabriel Digital Economy and Society Bulgaria EPP
National: GERB
Günther Oettinger Budget and Human Resources Germany EPP
National: CDU
Pierre Moscovici Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs France PES
National: PS
Marianne Thyssen Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility Belgium EPP
National: CD&V
Corina Crețu Regional Policy Romania PES
National: PSD
Johannes Hahn European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations Austria EPP
National: ÖVP
Dimitris Avramopoulos Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship Greece EPP
National: ND
Vytenis Andriukaitis Health and Food Safety Lithuania PES
National: SDP
Julian King Security Union United Kingdom None
Elżbieta Bieńkowska Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs Poland EPP
National: PO
Miguel Arias Cañete Climate Action and Energy Spain EPP
National: PP
Neven Mimica International Cooperation and Development Croatia PES
National: SDP
Margrethe Vestager Competition Denmark ALDE
National: RV
Violeta Bulc Transport Slovenia ALDE
National: SMC
Cecilia Malmström Trade Sweden ALDE
National: L
Karmenu Vella Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Malta PES
National: PL
Tibor Navracsics Education, Culture, Youth and Sport Hungary EPP
National: Fidesz
Carlos Moedas Research, Science and Innovation Portugal EPP
National: PSD
Phil Hogan Agriculture and Rural Development Ireland EPP
National: FG
Christos Stylianides Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Cyprus EPP
National: DISY

Former members

Nominee Portrait Portfolio State Party
Jonathan Hill Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union United Kingdom AECR
National: Conservative
Kristalina Georgieva Vice President Bulgaria EPP
National: GERB
Budget and Human Resources

President's cabinet

The President's cabinet supports the President of the commission, and thus has a very central role in coordinating the work of the European Commission as a whole. The president's cabinet is led by Clara Martinez Alberola. Formerly, it was lead by Martin Selmayr, who has been described as "the most powerful EU chief of staff ever."[13]

Project teams

Juncker has for the first time proposed a commission that clusters certain members together under designated policy areas. These clusters are known as "Project Teams" and will each be headed by one of the vice presidents.[14] Each team is composed of a core membership in addition to members who may fall under its respective umbrella as needed.[15] Timmermans and Georgieva both oversee all commissioners while the remaining five project teams are as follows:

A Connected Digital Single Market

Vice President: Andrus Ansip (Digital Single Market)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Vytenis Andriukaitis (Health and Food Safety)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Deeper and Fairer Economic and Monetary Union

Vice President: Valdis Dombrovskis (Euro and Social Dialogue)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)

A New Boost for Jobs, Growth and Investment

Vice President: Jyrki Katainen (Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Vytenis Andriukaitis (Health and Food Safety)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Karmenu Vella (Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy

Vice President: Maroš Šefčovič (Energy Union)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Karmenu Vella (Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)

A Stronger Global Actor

Vice President: Federica Mogherini (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development)
Christos Stylianides (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)

A European Agenda on Migration

In 2015, when European migrant crisis unfolded, new project team was formed.[16]

First Vice President: Frans Timmermans (Better Regulation, Interinstitutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights)
Federica Mogherini (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development)
Christos Stylianides (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Julian King (Security Union)[17]

References

  1. Barroso names new EU commission team. Euronews. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  2. Parliament elects ‘politically ecumenical’ Juncker as Commission President EurActiv
  3. Blow to Cameron as centrist MEPs back Juncker for European commission job The Guardian
  4. Baker, Luke (2014-06-23). "Battle over Juncker underlines EU parliament's 'adulthood' | Reuters". Uk.reuters.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  5. "EUROPEAN COUNCIL DECISION appointing the European Commission" (PDF). European Council. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  6. "European Council (23 and 24 October 2014) ‒ Conclusions" (PDF). European Council. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  7. "The new European Commission – Parliament elects new European Commission". European Parliament. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  8. "Juncker Commission takes office". European Commission. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  9. Jean-Claude Juncker: My Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change The Parliament Magazine
  10. Cerulus, Laurens (July 10, 2014). "Juncker wants more women in new Commission team".
  11. "Poland, Italy nominations leave Juncker needing four more commissioners –". Euractiv.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  12. EU Commission College Archived 2014-09-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. HERSZENHORN, DAVID M. (17 Nov 2016). "'Monster' at the Berlaymont". Politico. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  14. Vice-presidents to lead teams of commissioners
  15. The new structure of the Juncker Commission
  16. Juncker Commission. One year on
  17. President Juncker consults the European Parliament on Sir Julian King as Commissioner for the Security Union
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