Judith of Brittany
|Judith of Brittany|
Leaden sarcophagus of Judith of Brittany a.k.a. Judith de Conan (982–1017). The sarcophagus was made in the 11th century and found in the 19th century in the foundations of the church of the abbey Notre-Dame in Bernay. The skeleton in the sarcophagus was that of an important woman of small body height with a congenital deformation of the haunch. Deformations of this kind were common among women of Brittany, sometimes, but not always, making it impossible for them to give birth to children.
|Died||1017 (aged 34–35)|
|Buried||Abbey of Bernay|
|Spouse(s)||Richard II, Duke of Normandy|
|Father||Conan I, Duke of Brittany|
|Mother||Ermengarde of Anjou|
Judith of Brittany, also called Judith of Rennes (982–1017), was Duchess of Normandy from c. 1000 until her death.
Judith, born in 982, was the daughter of Conan I, Duke of Brittany and Ermengarde-Gerberga of Anjou. She was the mother of Robert I, Duke of Normandy and paternal grandmother of William the Conqueror.
She was a part of an important double marriage alliance between Normandy and Brittany first recorded by William of Jumièges. In 996 her brother Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany married Hawise of Normandy, daughter of Richard I, Duke of Normandy while in c. 1000 Judith married Richard II, Duke of Normandy, Hawise's brother. The duchess Judith died on 28 August 1017 and was buried in the abbey of Bernay, which she had founded in 1013.
Judith married Richard II, Duke of Normandy c. 1000. They had six children:
- Richard (c. 1002/4), Duke of Normandy.
- Alice of Normandy (c. 1003/5), married Renaud I, Count of Burgundy.
- Robert (c. 1005/7), Duke of Normandy.
- William (c. 1007/9), monk at Fécamp, d. 1025.
- Eleanor (c. 1011/3), married to Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders.
- Matilda (c. 1013/5), nun at Fecamp, d. 1033. She died young and unmarried.
- Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, Marburg, Germany, 1984). Tafel 75
- Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, Marburg, Germany, 1984). Tafel 79
- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, 'Poppa of Bayeux And Her Family', The American Genealogist, Vol. 72 No.4 (July/October 1997), p. 192 n. 12
- David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror (University of California Press,1964), p. 29
- Edward Bell, 'The Abbey Church of Bernay', The Archaeological Review, Vol. IV (August, 1899–January, 1890), p. 57
- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, 'Poppa of Bayeux And Her Family', The American Genealogist, Vol. 72 No.4 (July/October 1997), p.. 192 (here calling her Judith of Rennes)
- David C. Douglas, William the Conqueror (University of California Press, 1964), p. 31
Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy
| Duchess consort of Normandy
Papia of Envermeu