John Smith (Chancellor of the Exchequer)

John Smith (1656–1723) was an English politician, twice serving as Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Life

Smith's father was also called John Smith (d. 1690) of South Tedworth or Tidworth in Hampshire and he had a sister called Anne, who became Lady Dashwood. He educated matriculated from St John's College, Oxford, did not take a degree but was admitted to the Middle Temple and first elected a Member of Parliament in 1678. He was a moderate Whig.

Smith was first appointed as a Lord of the Treasury in 1694 and as Chancellor on 2 June 1699, serving until 27 March 1701. He was Speaker of the House of Commons from 1705 until 1708, returning as Chancellor from 22 April 1708 until 11 August 1710. He was the last Speaker of the House of Commons of England and held this post at the time of the Acts of Union 1707, going on to serve until 1708 as the first Speaker of the new House of Commons of Great Britain.

He married Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Strickland, and had four sons and three daughters, including Mary Smith and Anne Smith, Lady Grant.

References

    Attribution
    Political offices
    Preceded by
    Charles Montagu
    Chancellor of the Exchequer of England
    1699–1701
    Succeeded by
    Hon. Henry Boyle
    Preceded by
    Robert Harley
    Speaker of the House of Commons of England
    1705–1706
    Succeeded by
    last incumbent
    Preceded by
    first incumbent
    Speaker of the House of Commons of Great Britain
    1707–1708
    Succeeded by
    Richard Onslow
    Preceded by
    Hon. Henry Boyle
    Chancellor of the Exchequer of Great Britain
    1708–1710
    Succeeded by
    Robert Harley
    Preceded by
    James Vernon
    Teller of the Exchequer
    1710–1712
    Succeeded by
    The Lord Mansel
    Preceded by
    The Lord Mansel
    Teller of the Exchequer
    1710–1712
    Vacant
    Title next held by
    George Treby
    Parliament of England
    Preceded by
    William Ashburnham
    George Legge
    Member of Parliament for Ludgershall
    1679
    With: Thomas Neale
    Succeeded by
    Thomas Neale
    John Garrard
    Preceded by
    Henry Clerke
    Thomas Neale
    Member of Parliament for Ludgershall
    1689–1690
    With: John Deane
    Succeeded by
    John Deane
    Thomas Neale
    Preceded by
    Sir Francis Drake
    John Swinfen
    Member of Parliament for Bere Alston
    1691–1695
    With: John Swinfen 1691–1694
    Sir Henry Hobart 1694–1695
    Succeeded by
    John Elwill
    Sir Henry Hobart
    Preceded by
    Francis Powlett
    John Pollen
    Member of Parliament for Andover
    1695–1707
    With: Sir Robert Smyth 1695–1698
    Anthony Henley 1698–1701
    Francis Shepheard 1701–1707
    Succeeded by
    Parliament of Great Britain
    Parliament of Great Britain
    Preceded by
    Parliament of England
    Member of Parliament for Andover
    1707–1713
    With: Francis Shepheard 1707–1708
    William Guidott 1708–1713
    Succeeded by
    William Guidott
    Sir Ambrose Crowley
    Preceded by
    Sir Charles Hedges
    Edward Jennings
    Member of Parliament for East Looe
    1715–1724
    With: Sir James Bateman 1715–1718
    Horatio Walpole 1718–1722
    William Lowndes 1722–1724
    Succeeded by
    Viscount Malpas
    William Lowndes
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