John Hobart, 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire
|The Right Honourable|
The Earl of Buckinghamshire
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland|
7 December 1776 – 19 November 1780
|Preceded by||The Earl Harcourt|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Carlisle|
John Hobart, 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire (17 August 1723 – 3 August 1793) was an English nobleman and politician.
The son of John Hobart, 1st Earl of Buckinghamshire by his first wife Judith Britiffe, he was educated at Westminster School and Christ's College, Cambridge. He was Member of Parliament for Norwich from 1747–56, having also been elected for St Ives in 1747 but opting to sit for Norwich. He held office as Comptroller of the Household in 1755-56 and as a Lord of the Bedchamber from 1756–67, having succeeded his father as Earl in 1756. He was Ambassador from the United Kingdom to Russia from 1762-5 and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1776–80, when his Chief Secretary was Sir Richard Heron, Bt. In the latter role he had to concede free trade and, more importantly, the enactment of the Papists Act 1778 which partially repealed the Penal laws and provided measures for the relief of Roman Catholics and Dissenters.
He married firstly Mary Anne Drury, daughter of Sir Thomas Drury, 1st Baronet, and secondly Caroline, daughter of William James Conolly, but died without surviving male issue and was succeeded by his half-brother George Hobart, 3rd Earl of Buckinghamshire.
He had three daughters by his first wife :
- Lady Harriet, Marchioness of Lothian, who married William Kerr, 6th Marquess of Lothian, and was the mother of John Kerr, 7th Marquess of Lothian
- Lady Caroline, who married William Assheton Harbord, 2nd Baron Suffield
- Lady Sophia, who married Richard Edgcumbe, 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe
and one daughter by his second wife:
- Amelia Stewart, Viscountess Castlereagh, wife of the Foreign Secretary Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh.
He was laid to rest in the family mausoleum at Blickling Hall, the family seat in Norfolk. The bodies of his two wives are also in the mausoleum, which is an unusual grade II* listed pyramidal structure designed by architect Joseph Bonomi the Elder, based on the Roman tomb of Cestius Gallus.
- "Hobart, John (HBRT739J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- James Kelly, ‘Hobart, John, second earl of Buckinghamshire (1723–1793)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 19 Feb 2014.
- Historic England. "THE MAUSOLEUM (1051437)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Concise Dictionary of National Biography
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Norwich
With: Horatio Walpole 1747–1756
Edward Bacon 1756
Earl of Hillsborough
| Comptroller of the Household
| Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
Earl of Carlisle
| Lord of the Bedchamber
The Duke of Roxburghe
Robert Murray Keith
| Ambassador from the United Kingdom to Russia
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Earl of Buckinghamshire