Jilotepec, Veracruz

Jilotepec
Municipality

Location in Veracruz
Jilotepec
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 19°36′35″N 96°57′04″W / 19.60972°N 96.95111°W / 19.60972; -96.95111Coordinates: 19°36′35″N 96°57′04″W / 19.60972°N 96.95111°W / 19.60972; -96.95111[1]
Country  Mexico
State  Veracruz
Established 28 March 1831
Seat Jilotepec
Government[2]
  President Sergio Fernández Lara
Area[3]
  Total 56.437 km2 (21.790 sq mi)
Elevation[1] (of seat) 1,368 m (4,488 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[3]
  Total 15,313
  Estimate (2015 Intercensal Survey)[4] 16,682
  Density 270/km2 (700/sq mi)
  Seat 3,871
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
Postal codes 91380–91396[5]
Area code 228
Website Official website

Jilotepec (Nahuatl: "on the hill of jilotes"[2]) is a municipality in the Mexican state of Veracruz, located 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) north-northwest of the state capital Xalapa.[2]

Geography

The municipality of Jilotepec is located in central Veracruz at an altitude between 860 and 1,900 metres (2,820–6,230 ft). It borders the municipalities of Coacoatzintla to the north, Naolinco to the northeast, Xalapa to the southeast, Banderilla to the south, Rafael Lucio to the southwest, and Tlacolulan to the northwest.[6] The municipality covers an area of 56.437 square kilometres (21.790 sq mi)[3] and comprises 0.1% of the state's area.[4]

The municipality is drained by upper tributaries of the Actopan River.[2] The perennial Naolinco River forms part of Jilotepec's border with the municipality of Naolinco.[6]

Jilotepec's climate is generally humid with rain throughout the year. Average temperatures in the municipality range between 16 and 22 °C (61–72 °F), and average annual precipitation ranges between 1,400 and 1,600 millimetres (55–63 in).[6]

History

Jilotepec was founded by the Totonac people in 980 as part of the confederation of Tlacolulan. The Teochichimecas controlled Jilotepec from 1380 to 1489, when Jilotepec switched its allegiance to the Aztec Empire. A hacienda was established at La Concepción at the end of the 16th century. The parish of Jilotepec was inaugurated in 1811.[2]

On 28 March 1831, Jilotepec became a municipality in the canton of Xalapa in the state of Veracruz. It became a free municipality on 15 January 1918.[9] From 1995 to the beginning of the 21st century a wave of emigration occurred from central Veracruz to the United States; inhabitants from Jilotepec in particular preferred to emigrate to New York City.[10]

Administration

The municipal government comprises a president, a councillor (Spanish: síndico), and a trustee (regidor).[2] The current president of the municipality is Sergio Fernández Lara.[11]

Demographics

In the 2010 Mexican Census, the municipality of Jilotepec recorded a population of 15,313 inhabitants living in 3734 households.[12] The 2015 Intercensal Survey estimated a population of 16,682 inhabitants in Jilotepec, of which 3.97% reported being of African descent.[4]

There are 31 localities in the municipality,[1] of which two are classified as urban:

  • The municipal seat, also called Jilotepec, which recorded a population of 3871 inhabitants in the 2010 Census; and
  • La Concepción, located 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east of the municipal seat, which recorded 3684 inhabitants in 2010.[12]

Economy

The main economic activity in Jilotepec is agriculture, involving mainly the cultivation of coffee, sugarcane, corn and beans. Cattle and pigs are also raised.[13]

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Sistema Nacional de Información Municipal" (in Spanish). SEGOB. 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Jilotepec". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México (in Spanish). INAFED. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 "Jilotepec: Datos generales". Cédulas de información municipal (in Spanish). SEDESOL. 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  4. 1 2 3 Panorama sociodemográfico de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave 2015 (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. 2016. p. 204. ISBN 978-607-739-871-4. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  5. "Consulta Códigos Postales". Catálogo Nacional de Códigos Postales. Mexican Postal Service. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  6. 1 2 3 "Compendio de Información Geográfica Municipal 2010: Jilotepec, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  7. "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  8. "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  9. Estado de Veracruz-Llave. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. pp. 111, 218. ISBN 970-13-1517-0.
  10. Perez Monterosas, Mario (2003). "Las redes sociales de la migracion emergente de Veracruz a los Estados Unidos". Migraciones Internacionales (in Spanish). 2 (1): 136–160. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  11. "Portal Modelo de Transparencia Municipal" (in Spanish). Órgano de Fiscalización Superior del Estado de Veracruz. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  12. 1 2 "Resumen municipal: Municipio de Jilotepec". Catálogo de Localidades (in Spanish). SEDESOL. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  13. "Plan Municipal de Desarrollo 2014–2017" (PDF) (in Spanish). Municipal council of Jilotepec, Veracruz. p. 42. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
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