Jewish Party (Czechoslovakia)

Jewish Party
אידישע פּאַרטיי (Yiddish)
Židovská strana (Czech and Slovak)
Leader Ludvík Singer
Angelo Goldstein
Emil Margulies
Founded 1919
Dissolved 1938
Ideology Zionism
Political position Centre
International affiliation World Zionist Organization

The Jewish Party (Czech: Židovská strana) was a political party of the First Czechoslovak Republic. It was founded in 1919 by the Jewish National Council (Czech: Národní rada židovská) in Prague. It was the strongest Jewish political party in the interwar Czechoslovakia although many Jews were rather active in non-Jewish parties, be they Czech, German or Hungarian. The party adopted a Zionist political program and succeeded in influencing the Czechoslovak government to acknowledge Jews as an official national minority in the constitution of 1920.[1]

In an electoral alliance with parties of the Polish minority, it got two candidates elected (Julius Reisz and Ludvík Singer, and from 1931 Angelo Goldstein, after the death of Singer) at the 1929 Czechoslovakian parliamentary elections and again two (Angelo Goldstein and Chaim Kugel) at the 1935 Czechoslovakian parliamentary elections on a common ticket with the Czechoslovak Social Democratic Worker's Party and the Polish Socialist Workers Party.

It was banned in Slovakia after the German occupation of Czechoslovakia on 25 November 1938 and de facto after the end of the Second Czechoslovak Republic on 15 March 1939.

Election results

Jewish party or list 1920[2] 1925
United list of Jewish parties 79,714 votes, 1,3%, no seat
Bohemia:
19,473 votes, 0.57%,
Moravia-Silesia:
15,024 votes, 1.04%,
Slovakia:
45,217 votes, 3.37%[3]
-
Jewish Party - 98,845 votes, 1.39%, no seat[4]
Senate: 51,513 votes, no seat[5]
Jewish Economic Party - 16,861 votes, 0.24%
no list for the Senate

Footnotes

  1. Crhová 2000, 251.
  2. in 1920 there was no parliamentary election organized in Carpathian Ruthenia
  3. cs:Volby do parlamentu Československé republiky 1920
  4. Čapková 2010
  5. Senát Národního shromáždění R. Čs. r. 1925., e.g. results, Website of the Czech Republic Senate

Bibliography

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